How to format your references using the Annals of Intensive Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Intensive Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Hughes V. Public health: Where there’s smoke. Nature. 2012;489:S18-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Friedman JS, Walter MA. Biomedicine. Under pressure. Science. 2002;295:983–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Moritz RE, Bitz CM, Steig EJ. Dynamics of recent climate change in the Arctic. Science. 2002;297:1497–502.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Dioum EM, Chen R, Alexander MS, Zhang Q, Hogg RT, Gerard RD, et al. Regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor 2alpha signaling by the stress-responsive deacetylase sirtuin 1. Science. 2009;324:1289–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Labuszewski JW, Nyhoff JE, Co R, Peterson PE. The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Castano-Bernard R, Catanese F, Kontsevich M, Pantev T, Soibelman Y, Zharkov I, editors. Homological Mirror Symmetry and Tropical Geometry. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Alam M, Kruger G, Megdal SB, Songstad D. Impact of Technology and Policy on Sustainable Agricultural Water Use and Food Security. In: Songstad DD, Hatfield JL, Tomes DT, editors. Convergence of Food Security, Energy Security and Sustainable Agriculture. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 75–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Intensive Care.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How A One Night Stand In The Ice Age Affects Us All Today [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/how-one-night-stand-ice-age-affects-us-all-today/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transfer Students: Postsecondary Institutions Could Promote More Consistent Consideration of Coursework by Not Basing Determinations on Accreditation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Oct. Report No.: GAO-06-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hawkins AJ. Measurement of the spacial distribution of heat exchange in a geothermal analog bedrock site using fiber-otic distributed temperature sensing [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Herrman J. The Hookup. New York Times. 2017 May 3;MM70.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Intensive Care
AbbreviationAnn. Intensive Care
ISSN (online)2110-5820
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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