How to format your references using the Annals of Intensive Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Intensive Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Dennis C. Small RNAs: the genome’s guiding hand? Nature. 2002;420:732.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Simpkins PG, Kuck VJ. Air entrapment in coatings by way of a tip-streaming meniscus. Nature. 2000;403:641–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Foster SL, Hargreaves DC, Medzhitov R. Gene-specific control of inflammation by TLR-induced chromatin modifications. Nature. 2007;447:972–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Semaw S, Simpson SW, Quade J, Renne PR, Butler RF, McIntosh WC, et al. Early Pliocene hominids from Gona, Ethiopia. Nature. 2005;433:301–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Archer RD. Inorganic and Organometallic Polymers. New York, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
1. Qing S, Okamoto E, Kim K, Liu D, editors. Information and Communications Security: 17th International Conference, ICICS 2015, Beijing, China, December 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Steinhauer C, Forthmann C, Jungmann R, Vogelsang J, Simmel FC, Tinnefeld P. Nanoscopy Using Localization and Temporal Separation of Fluorescence From Single Molecules. In: Bartolo BD, Collins J, editors. Biophotonics: Spectroscopy, Imaging, Sensing, and Manipulation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 87–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Intensive Care.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Microbial Enzymes “Eat” Cocaine, Could Be Novel Treatment For Abuse [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/microbial-enzymes-eat-cocaine-could-be-novel-treatment-abuse/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Infrastructure: Alternative Financing Mechanisms for Surface Transportation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Sep. Report No.: GAO-02-1126T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dimapilis B. Service line extension: Acquisition of fluoroscopy equipment to supplement pain management procedures [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gordon MR. Trump Gives Mattis Authority to Send More Troops to Afghanistan. New York Times. 2017 Jun 13;A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Intensive Care
AbbreviationAnn. Intensive Care
ISSN (online)2110-5820
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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