How to format your references using the Annals of Intensive Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Intensive Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pohl F. Brain drain. Nature. 2000;408:409.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Teasley S, Wolinsky S. Communication. Scientific collaborations at a distance. Science. 2001;292:2254–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gridi-Papp M, Rand AS, Ryan MJ. Animal communication: complex call production in the túngara frog. Nature. 2006;441:38.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Huo F, Zheng Z, Zheng G, Giam LR, Zhang H, Mirkin CA. Polymer pen lithography. Science. 2008;321:1658–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Waupsh J. Bankruption. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Zumitzavan V. Personal Knowledge Management, Leadership Styles, and Organisational Performance: A Case Study of the Healthcare Industry in Thailand. Michie J, editor. Singapore: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wang S, Agrawal D, El Abbadi A. A Comprehensive Framework for Secure Query Processing on Relational Data in the Cloud. In: Jonker W, Petković M, editors. Secure Data Management: 8th VLDB Workshop, SDM 2011, Seattle, WA, USA, September 2, 2011, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 52–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Intensive Care.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. 49 Health “Facts” You’ve Been Told All Your Life That Are Totally Wrong [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/49-health-facts-youve-been-told-all-your-life-that-are-totally-wrong/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. The Indian Self-Determination Act: Many Obstacles Remain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Mar. Report No.: HRD-78-59.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Torres-Partida A. Bridging the gap between faith based leaders and mental health professionals [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly M. THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: The Democrats; Clinton Says Bush Is Afraid Of Debating “Man to Man.” New York Times. 1992 Sep 19;16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Intensive Care
AbbreviationAnn. Intensive Care
ISSN (online)2110-5820
ScopeCritical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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