How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. 2000. BODY CHEMISTRY: Forensic Science on a Shoestring. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289(5481):857.
A journal article with 2 authors
Toroczkai, Z., and K. E. Bassler. 2004. Network dynamics: jamming is limited in scale-free systems. Nature 428(6984):716.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okada, D., F. Ozawa, and K. Inokuchi. 2009. Input-specific spine entry of soma-derived Vesl-1S protein conforms to synaptic tagging. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324(5929):904–909.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, X., W. Mi, X. Wang, Y. Cheng, and U. Schwingenschlögl. 2014. The interface between Gd and monolayer MoS2: a first-principles study. Scientific reports 4:7368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sato, T., D. M. Kammen, B. Duan, M. Macuha, Z. Zhou, J. Wu, M. Tariq, and S. A. Asfaw. 2015. Smart Grid Standards. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Fleuren, H., D. D. Hertog, and P. Kort, editors. 2005. Operations Research Proceedings 2004: Selected Papers of the Annual International Conference of the German Operations Research Society (GOR). Jointly Organized with the Netherlands Society for Operations Research (NGB) Tilburg, September 1–3, 2004. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Qin, Y., L. Yao, and Q. Z. Sheng. 2016. Approximate Semantic Matching over Linked Data Streams. Pages 37–51 in S. Hartmann and H. Ma, editors. Database and Expert Systems Applications: 27th International Conference, DEXA 2016, Porto, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2017, January 25. Chameleon Supernova Hints At A Different Kind Of Stellar Explosion. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Federal Motor Vehicles: Agencies’ Progress in Meeting Expenditure Control Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, GGD-88-40, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, Y. M. 2019. Federal Managers’ Use of Evidence (Performance Measurement Data and Evaluation Results): Are We There Yet? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. 2008, June 10. Justices to See Philip Morris Case a Third Time. New York Times:C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Service 2000; Toroczkai and Bassler 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Toroczkai and Bassler 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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