How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis, S. L. 2014. Scientist-versus-activist debates mislead the public. Nature 506(7489):409.
A journal article with 2 authors
Theler, D., and F. H.-T. Allain. 2015. Molecular biology: RNA modification does a regulatory two-step. Nature 518(7540):492–493.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melis, A. P., B. Hare, and M. Tomasello. 2006. Chimpanzees recruit the best collaborators. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311(5765):1297–1300.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yanagida, S., K. Taniue, H. Sugimasa, E. Nasu, Y. Takeda, M. Kobayashi, T. Yamamoto, A. Okamoto, and T. Akiyama. 2013. ASBEL, an ANA/BTG3 antisense transcript required for tumorigenicity of ovarian carcinoma. Scientific reports 3:1305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Faticoni, T. G. 2006. The Mathematics of Infinity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nutting, J. 2010. Beginning iPad Development for iPhone Developers: Mastering the iPad SDK. Page D. Woolridge and D. Mark, editors. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Welfens, P. J. J., J. K. Perret, T. Irawan, and E. Yushkova. 2016. New Indicator Concept. Pages 47–55 in J. K. Perret, T. Irawan, and E. Yushkova, editors. Towards Global Sustainability: Issues, New Indicators and Economic Policy. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2016, September 29. How To Watch Rosetta’s Tearful Goodbye At Comet 67P Today. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1964. Comments on NASA’s Expenditure of Appropriated Funds for Parking Spaces. U.S. Government Printing Office, B-155372-O.M., Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eskridge, R. D. 2012. Municipal government: Does institutional structural reform make a difference in local government? Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Whiteside, K. 2016, September 1. Racing to Break Through Barriers. New York Times:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Lewis 2014; Theler and Allain 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Theler and Allain 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Yanagida et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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