How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, A. 2005. A polymath’s dilemma. Nature 438(7066):291.
A journal article with 2 authors
García-Sastre, A., and C. A. Biron. 2006. Type 1 interferons and the virus-host relationship: a lesson in détente. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312(5775):879–882.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim, S.-B., M. Imboden, and P. Mohanty. 2007. Synchronized oscillation in coupled nanomechanical oscillators. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316(5821):95–99.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
He, J., P. M.-L. Sinues, M. Hollmén, X. Li, M. Detmar, and R. Zenobi. 2014. Fingerprinting breast cancer vs. normal mammary cells by mass spectrometric analysis of volatiles. Scientific reports 4:5196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haas, T. C. 2013. Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Ecosystem Managers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Iwama, K., Y. Kawano, and M. Murao, editors. 2013. Theory of Quantum Computation, Communication, and Cryptography: 7th Conference, TQC 2012, Tokyo, Japan, May 17-19, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bitner-Gregersen, E. M., L. I. Eide, T. Hørte, and R. Skjong. 2013. Summary of Past and Future Climate Change. Pages 39–41 in L. I. Eide, T. Hørte, and R. Skjong, editors. Ship and Offshore Structure Design in Climate Change Perspective. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, February 10. Mining Conquistadors Caused Air Pollution 200 Years Before The Industrial Revolution. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Aviation Security: Measures for Testing the Impact of Using Commercial Data for the Secure Flight Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-05-324, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Castiglione, A. 2010. Counterproductive work behaviors: The role of employee support policies, envy, and narcissism. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. 2002, June 30. Golden Arms Tourney Continues a Quest. New York Times:86.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson 2005; García-Sastre and Biron 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (García-Sastre and Biron 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (He et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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