How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. 2013. Plant breeding: Discovery in a dry spell. Nature 501(7468):S7-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Skotheim, J. M., and L. Mahadevan. 2005. Physical limits and design principles for plant and fungal movements. Science (New York, N.Y.) 308(5726):1308–1310.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumarevel, T., H. Mizuno, and P. K. R. Kumar. 2005. Structural basis of HutP-mediated anti-termination and roles of the Mg2+ ion and L-histidine ligand. Nature 434(7030):183–191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Faure, J., Y. Glinec, A. Pukhov, S. Kiselev, S. Gordienko, E. Lefebvre, J.-P. Rousseau, F. Burgy, and V. Malka. 2004. A laser-plasma accelerator producing monoenergetic electron beams. Nature 431(7008):541–544.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liphard, K. G. 2014. Labormanagement. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bergmann, R., G. Lindemann, S. Kirn, and M. Pěchouček, editors. 2008. Multiagent System Technologies: 6th German Conference, MATES 2008, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 23-26, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kellerman, H., and A. Burry. 2007. Reality Testing and Cognitive Functioning. Pages 33–42 in H. Kellerman and A. Burry, editors. Handbook of Psychodiagnostic Testing: Analysis of Personality in the Psychological Report. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, October 10. Blue Skies Over Pluto And A Lakeside Home On Mars. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Telecommunications: Challenges to Assessing and Improving Telecommunications for Native Americans on Tribal Lands. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-06-513T, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S. A. 2009. Development of an age-appropriate, facility-specific nutrition screening and assessment tool for the elderly. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2012, April 27. Running the World With Eyes Wide Open. New York Times:B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Supattapone 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Buchanan 2002; Burchard 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Skotheim and Mahadevan 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Loomis et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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