How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Priem, J. 2013. Scholarship: Beyond the paper. Nature 495(7442):437–440.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jenuwein, T., and C. D. Allis. 2001. Translating the histone code. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293(5532):1074–1080.
A journal article with 3 authors
Biggins, J. B., K. C. Onwueme, and J. S. Thorson. 2003. Resistance to enediyne antitumor antibiotics by CalC self-sacrifice. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5639):1537–1541.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Turner, S., S. Tonarini, I. Bindeman, W. P. Leeman, and B. F. Schaefer. 2007. Boron and oxygen isotope evidence for recycling of subducted components over the past 2.5 Gyr. Nature 447(7145):702–705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Belfiore, L. A. 2010. Physical Properties of Macromolecules. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Raicu, V. 2008. Integrated Molecular and Cellular Biophysics. Page A. Popescu, editor. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hodjat, B., and H. Shahrzad. 2016. nPool: Massively Distributed Simultaneous Evolution and Cross-Validation in EC-Star. Pages 79–90 in R. Riolo, W. P. Worzel, M. Kotanchek, and A. Kordon, editors. Genetic Programming Theory and Practice XIII. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2017, January 31. Cassini Snaps Glorious Image Of Dione Lit Up By Saturn’s Reflected Light. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. National Airspace System: Incomplete Transition Back to National Maintenance and Certification Standards in the Federal Aviation Administration’s Alaskan Region. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-02-127R, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weygandt, A. 2017. Extension of Elementary Functions to Zeon Algebras. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tavernise, S. 2017, August 19. Trump’s Tumultuous Week? To Supporters, It Went Well. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Priem 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Jenuwein and Allis 2001; Priem 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jenuwein and Allis 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Turner et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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