How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carroll, S. B. 2001. Chance and necessity: the evolution of morphological complexity and diversity. Nature 409(6823):1102–1109.
A journal article with 2 authors
Voss, D., and R. Coontz. 2008. Cosmic web. Warp and woof. Introduction to special issue. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319(5859):46.
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannoni, S., B. Temperton, and Y. Zhao. 2013. Giovannoni et al. reply. Nature 499(7459):E4-5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Riethman, H. C., Z. Xiang, S. Paul, E. Morse, X. L. Hu, J. Flint, H. C. Chi, D. L. Grady, and R. K. Moyzis. 2001. Integration of telomere sequences with the draft human genome sequence. Nature 409(6822):948–951.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wassenaar, T. M. 2011. Bacteria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Detyniecki, M., A. García-Serrano, A. Nürnberger, and S. Stober, editors. 2013. Adaptive Multimedia Retrieval. Large-Scale Multimedia Retrieval and Evaluation: 9th International Workshop, AMR 2011, Barcelona, Spain, July 18-19, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Angelopoulos, S. 2009. Online Priority Steiner Tree Problems. Pages 37–48 in F. Dehne, M. Gavrilova, J.-R. Sack, and C. D. Tóth, editors. Algorithms and Data Structures: 11th International Symposium, WADS 2009, Banff, Canada, August 21-23, 2009. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, January 3. Monday’s Medical Myth: You Can’t Mix Antibiotics With Alcohol. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2008. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-08-384, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons, C. I. 2017. A Logistic Regression Analysis of Multiple Independent Variables Impacting Psychiatric Readmissions. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. 2002, December 22. Notes From the Underground: New Yorkers Share Their Subway Stories. New York Times:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carroll 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Carroll 2001; Voss and Coontz 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Voss and Coontz 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Riethman et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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