How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kitching, R. L. 2006. Ecology. Crafting the pieces of the diversity jigsaw puzzle. Science (New York, N.Y.) 313(5790):1055–1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leitch, A. R., and I. J. Leitch. 2008. Genomic plasticity and the diversity of polyploid plants. Science (New York, N.Y.) 320(5875):481–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Perlo, J., F. Casanova, and B. Blümich. 2007. Ex situ NMR in highly homogeneous fields: 1H spectroscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 315(5815):1110–1112.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eremets, M. I., V. V. Struzhkin, H. Mao, and R. J. Hemley. 2001. Superconductivity in boron. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293(5528):272–274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jarry, P., and J. N. Beneat. 2016. Microwave Amplifier and Active Circuit Design Using the Real Frequency Technique. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
McGee, R. W. 2005. Accounting and Financial System Reform in a Transition Economy: A Case Study of Russia. Page G. G. Preobragenskaya, editor. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
de Souza, D. M., and E. Dias-Neto. 2009. RNA Biomarkers in Schizophrenia. Pages 97–127 in C. Turck, editor. Biomarkers for Psychiatric Disorders. Springer US, Boston, MA.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
Andrew, D. 2017, March 30. Five Maps That Will Change How You See The World. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. [Question Concerning Protest Under Army IFB for Dependent School Transportation]. U.S. Government Printing Office, B-221710, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moretto, L. 2012. Exploring the Nature of the Relationship Between Decision-Driven Scenarios and Decision Confidence in High-Velocity Environments. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bosman, J., A. Harmon, C. Hauser, J. Bidgood, and M. Astor. 2017, October 2. Friends and Relatives Share Memories About the Las Vegas Shooting Victims. New York Times:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kitching 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Kitching 2006; Leitch and Leitch 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Leitch and Leitch 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Eremets et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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