How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirth, G. 2014. Earth science: Missing link in mantle dynamics. Nature 507(7490):42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, J. N., and B. M. Cunningham. 2002. Geographic structure and dynamics of coevolutionary selection. Nature 417(6890):735–738.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murakami, S., N. Nagaosa, and S.-C. Zhang. 2003. Dissipationless quantum spin current at room temperature. Science (New York, N.Y.) 301(5638):1348–1351.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Quayle, W. C., L. S. Peck, H. Peat, J. C. Ellis-Evans, and P. R. Harrigan. 2002. Extreme responses to climate change in Antarctic lakes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295(5555):645.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, K. A., and J. J. Paschkewitz. 2016. Next Generation HALT and HASS. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Raggi, E. 2010. Beginning Ubuntu Linux. Page K. Thomas, T. Parsons, A. Channelle, and S. van Vugt, editorsFifth Edition. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohamad, A. A. 2009. Meso and Macro-Scales Fluid Flow Simulations with Lattice Boltzmann Method. Pages 27–32 in J. Xu, Y. Wu, Y. Zhang, and J. Zhang, editors. Fluid Machinery and Fluid Mechanics: 4th International Symposium (4th ISFMFE). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2016, September 13. HMS Terror Rediscovered 170 Years After Ill-Fated Northwest Passage Attempt. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Telecommunications: Competition in the Mobile Communications Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, T-RCED-96-20, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sokolov, C. K. 2017. Teacher Engagement In Grades 4-8. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. 2017, June 8. Moscow Never Sleeps. New York Times:C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hirth 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson and Cunningham 2002; Hirth 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Cunningham 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Quayle et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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