How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Neill, L. A. J. 2011. Plant science. Innate immunity in plants goes to the PUB. Science (New York, N.Y.) 332(6036):1386–1387.
A journal article with 2 authors
Karels, T. J., and R. Boonstra. 2000. Concurrent density dependence and independence in populations of arctic ground squirrels. Nature 408(6811):460–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ravishankara, A. R., J. S. Daniel, and R. W. Portmann. 2009. Nitrous oxide (N2O): the dominant ozone-depleting substance emitted in the 21st century. Science (New York, N.Y.) 326(5949):123–125.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nowack, K. C., F. H. L. Koppens, Y. V. Nazarov, and L. M. K. Vandersypen. 2007. Coherent control of a single electron spin with electric fields. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318(5855):1430–1433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gage, L. J. 2008. Hand-Rearing Wild and Domestic Mammals. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Pisegna, J. R., editor. 2015. Management of Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Nichol, R. 2011. Traditional Socialisation and Education in Melanesia. Pages 59–82 in R. Nichol, editor. Growing up Indigenous: Developing Effective Pedagogy for Education and Development. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015, November 10. Time To Take A Sick Day: Working When Ill Is Bad For You – And Your Company. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ August 2000 Interim Spending Plan. U.S. Government Printing Office, GAO-01-91, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bleviss, C. 2009. Constructing competence: Normalization and self-determination for people with developmental disabilities. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. 2014, December 8. Hermitage Museum Anniversary Plans. New York Times:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (O’Neill 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Karels and Boonstra 2000; O’Neill 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Karels and Boonstra 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Nowack et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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