How to format your references using the Journal of Aquatic Animal Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldstein, D. B. 2011. Growth of genome screening needs debate. Nature 476(7358):27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steiner, G., and L. Salvini-Plawen. 2001. Acaenoplax--polychaete or mollusc? Nature 414(6864):601–2; discussion 602.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lindström, N. O., P. Hohenstein, and J. A. Davies. 2013. Nephrons require Rho-kinase for proximal-distal polarity development. Scientific reports 3:2692.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hao, B., W. Gong, T. K. Ferguson, C. M. James, J. A. Krzycki, and M. K. Chan. 2002. A new UAG-encoded residue in the structure of a methanogen methyltransferase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296(5572):1462–1466.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dosil, J. 2008. Eating Disorders in Athletes. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Strachan, M. W. J. 2013. Insulin Therapy: A Pocket Guide. Page B. M. Frier, editor. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Tajima, K., and R. Aminov. 2015. Structure and Function of a Nonruminant Gut: A Porcine Model. Pages 47–75 in A. K. Puniya, R. Singh, and D. N. Kamra, editors. Rumen Microbiology: From Evolution to Revolution. Springer India, New Delhi.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Aquatic Animal Health.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016, August 5. Exercise Gives You More Brain Cells, But Do These Push Old Memories Out Of Your Brain? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1975. College Work-Study Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, 089627, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sink, R. C. 2010. Exploring a high school community relations and parent involvement program. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Anderson, J. 2016, September 25. Rescuing a Film Rarity, Frame by Frame. New York Times:AR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldstein 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Steiner and Salvini-Plawen 2001; Goldstein 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steiner and Salvini-Plawen 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hao et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Aquatic Animal Health
AbbreviationJ. Aquat. Anim. Health
ISSN (print)0899-7659
ISSN (online)1548-8667
ScopeAquatic Science

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