How to format your references using the Audiology and Neurotology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Audiology and Neurotology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Messenger S: Identification of molecular-cloud material in interplanetary dust particles. Nature 2000;404:968–971.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singel DJ, Stamler JS: Blood traffic control. Nature 2004;430:297.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stracker TH, Carson CT, Weitzman MD: Adenovirus oncoproteins inactivate the Mre11-Rad50-NBS1 DNA repair complex. Nature 2002;418:348–352.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhong H-X, Shi J-J, Zhang M, Jiang X-H, Huang P, Ding Y-M: Reducing Mg acceptor activation-energy in Al(0.83)Ga(0.17)N disorder alloy substituted by nanoscale (AlN)₅/(GaN)₁ superlattice using Mg(Ga) δ-doping: Mg local-structure effect. Sci Rep 2014;4:6710.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner K, Doroslovački M: Proportionate-Type Normalized Least Mean Square Algorithms, Hoboken, NJ USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Micheli FE, LeWitt PA, editors: Chorea: Causes and Management, London, Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Roumelis G, Vassilakopoulos M, Corral A, Manolopoulos Y: The K Group Nearest-Neighbor Query on Non-indexed RAM-Resident Data; in Grueau C, Gustavo Rocha J (eds): Geographical Information Systems Theory, Applications and Management: First International Conference, GISTAM 2015, Barcelona, Spain, April 28-30, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp 69–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Audiology and Neurotology.

Blog post
Evans K: 15 “Facts” About Sleep That Are Completely Wrong [Internet]. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Commuter Rail: Commuter Rail Issues Should Be Considered in Debate over Amtrak, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis LV: Oxidation Effects on the Magnetic Properties of Iron Phthalocyanine Thin Films 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly K, Rappeport A: White House Tempers Ambitions for Cutting Corporate Tax Rate. New York Times 2017;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAudiology and Neurotology
AbbreviationAudiol. Neurootol.
ISSN (print)1420-3030
ISSN (online)1421-9700
Sensory Systems
Speech and Hearing

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