How to format your references using the Audiology and Neurotology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Audiology and Neurotology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hughson FM: Neuroscience. Chaperones that SNARE neurotransmitter release. Science 2013;339:406–407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Leathers ML, Olson CR: Response to comment on “In monkeys making value-based decisions, LIP neurons encode cue salience and not action value.” Science 2013;340:430.
A journal article with 3 authors
Geisler JH, Colbert MW, Carew JL: A new fossil species supports an early origin for toothed whale echolocation. Nature 2014;508:383–386.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Auger E, Gasparini P, Virieux J, Zollo A: Seismic evidence of an extended magmatic sill under Mt. Vesuvius. Science 2001;294:1510–1512.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Demaria C: Introduction to Private Equity, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2013.
An edited book
Huang Z: Theory of Parallel Mechanisms, Dordrecht, Springer Netherlands, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang L, Sahbi H: Nonlinear Cross-View Sample Enrichment for Action Recognition; in Agapito L, Bronstein MM, Rother C (eds): Computer Vision - ECCV 2014 Workshops: Zurich, Switzerland, September 6-7 and 12, 2014, Proceedings, Part III. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Audiology and Neurotology.

Blog post
Luntz S: Dancing Dwarf Galaxies Mystify Astronomers [Internet]. IFLScience 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Incorporation of Existing Data Into EOSDIS, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman TF: A descriptive review of the development and implementation of a funding model for the Kentucky Community and Technical College System: The first 10 years, 1998–2008 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L: Elizabeth Taylor To Keep Van Gogh. New York Times 2007;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAudiology and Neurotology
AbbreviationAudiol. Neurootol.
ISSN (print)1420-3030
ISSN (online)1421-9700
Sensory Systems
Speech and Hearing

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