How to format your references using the Audiology and Neurotology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Audiology and Neurotology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kivelson MG: Does Enceladus govern magnetospheric dynamics at Saturn? Science 2006;311:1391–1392.
A journal article with 2 authors
Temel Y, Jahanshahi A: Neuroscience. Treating brain disorders with neuromodulation. Science 2015;347:1418–1419.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mézard M, Parisi G, Zecchina R: Analytic and algorithmic solution of random satisfiability problems. Science 2002;297:812–815.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ostrowski SG, Van Bell CT, Winograd N, Ewing AG: Mass spectrometric imaging of highly curved membranes during Tetrahymena mating. Science 2004;305:71–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rizzi TE, Valenciano A, Bowles M, Cowell R, Tyler R, DeNicola DB: Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis, Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2017.
An edited book
Trecca A, editor: Atlas of Ileoscopy: A Collection of Clinical Cases, Milano, Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagasaki M, Saito A, Doi A, Matsuno H, Miyano S: Starting Cell Illustrator; in Saito A, Doi A, Matsuno H, Miyano S (eds): Foundations of Systems Biology: Using Cell Illustrator® and Pathway Databases. London, Springer, 2009, pp 25–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Audiology and Neurotology.

Blog post
Andrew D: We Need To Talk About The Bad Science Being Funded [Internet]. IFLScience 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30];Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The Stafford Student Loan Program, Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gaudet CJ: A General Approach to the Direct Detection of Dark Matter 2013;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B: Film Series. New York Times 2017;C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleAudiology and Neurotology
AbbreviationAudiol. Neurootol.
ISSN (print)1420-3030
ISSN (online)1421-9700
Sensory Systems
Speech and Hearing

Other styles