How to format your references using the The Korean Journal of Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Korean Journal of Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yarus M. Molecular biology. Climbing in 190 dimensions. Science. 2011 Apr 8;332(6026):181–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doebeli M, Ispolatov I. Complexity and diversity. Science. 2010 Apr 23;328(5977):494–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Veenstra GJ, Weeks DL, Wolffe AP. Distinct roles for TBP and TBP-like factor in early embryonic gene transcription in Xenopus. Science. 2000 Dec 22;290(5500):2312–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Garzarelli F, Cristelli M, Pompa G, Zaccaria A, Pietronero L. Memory effects in stock price dynamics: evidences of technical trading. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 27;4:4487.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bobrow J, Kohn E, Mondragon-Gilmore J, Eggenschwiler J. CliffsNotes® Praxis I®: PPST®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
Ohira H, editor. The Liver in Systemic Diseases. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016. VIII, 343 p. 59 illus., 39 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Castellano R, Punzo G, Rocca A. Female Labour Force Participation and Selection Effect: Southern vs Eastern European Countries. In: Morlini I, Minerva T, Vichi M, editors. Advances in Statistical Models for Data Analysis. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 35–43. (Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Korean Journal of Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. How The Last Two Montserrat 'Mountain Chicken’ Frogs Could Save Their Species [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Significant Problems of Critical Automation Program Contribute to Risks Facing 2010 Census. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008 Mar. Report No.: GAO-08-550T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meaux B. Effect of Formation Deformation on Casing Standoff in Highly Deviated and Horizontal Wells [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. Where Paintings Have Overtaken Pixels. New York Times. 2016 Feb 21;CT9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Korean Journal of Pathology
AbbreviationKorean J. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1738-1843
ISSN (online)2092-8920
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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