How to format your references using the The Korean Journal of Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Korean Journal of Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Russo E. Chemistry plans a structural overhaul. Nature. 2002 Sep 12;419(6903):4–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kidd DC, Castano E. Reading literary fiction improves theory of mind. Science. 2013 Oct 18;342(6156):377–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloom JD, Gong LI, Baltimore D. Permissive secondary mutations enable the evolution of influenza oseltamivir resistance. Science. 2010 Jun 4;328(5983):1272–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zheng Q, Zhang R, Xu Y, White RA 3rd, Wang Y, Luo T, et al. A marine inducible prophage vB_CibM-P1 isolated from the aerobic anoxygenic phototrophic bacterium Citromicrobium bathyomarinum JL354. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 19;4:7118.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooper J, Zalewski A, Watanabe E. Advanced Charting Techniques for High Probability Trading. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Lai YC. Transient Chaos: Complex Dynamics on Finite Time Scales. Tél T, editor. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XVI, 496 p. (Applied Mathematical Sciences; vol. 173).
A chapter in an edited book
Salonitis K, Pandremenos J, Paralikas J, Chryssolouris G. Multifunctional Materials Used in Automotive Industry: A Critical Review. In: Pantelakis S, Rodopoulos C, editors. Engineering Against Fracture: Proceedings of the 1st Conference. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 59–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Korean Journal of Pathology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Stephen Hawking Says We Should Be “Wary” About Contacting Aliens [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. K-12 Education: Many Challenges Arise in Educating Students Who Change Schools Frequently. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Nov. Report No.: GAO-11-40.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rehman JL. Rape as religious terrorism and genocide the 1971 war between East and West Pakistan [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. Activists, Afterward. New York Times. 2000 Apr 2;141.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Korean Journal of Pathology
AbbreviationKorean J. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1738-1843
ISSN (online)2092-8920
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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