How to format your references using the The Korean Journal of Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Korean Journal of Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt S. Bacteriology: a caring culture. Nature. 2013 Dec 19;504(7480):S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woodroffe R, Redpath SM. CONSERVATION. When the hunter becomes the hunted. Science. 2015 Jun 19;348(6241):1312–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Loewe L, Textor V, Scherer S. High deleterious genomic mutation rate in stationary phase of Escherichia coli. Science. 2003 Nov 28;302(5650):1558–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jackson M, Song W, Liu MY, Jin L, Dykes-Hoberg M, Lin CI, et al. Modulation of the neuronal glutamate transporter EAAT4 by two interacting proteins. Nature. 2001 Mar 1;410(6824):89–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff NP, Davletshin A. A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Carachi R, Agarwala S, Bradnock TJ, Lim Tan H, Cascio S, editors. Basic Techniques in Pediatric Surgery: An Operative Manual. 1st ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. XVIII, 644 p. 1100 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Bergenholtz C. Interfirm Communities: Neither Weak nor Strong Ties. In: Bøllingtoft A, Donaldson L, Huber GP, Håkonsson DD, Snow CC, editors. Collaborative Communities of Firms: Purpose, Process, and Design. New York, NY: Springer; 2012. p. 75–88. (Information and Organization Design Series).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Korean Journal of Pathology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Stephen Hawking’s Interstellar Mission To Alpha Centauri Gets Help From NASA To Deal With Radiation. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Readiness Goal. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jan. Report No.: 147977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barrett BT. Modernizing Copyright for Equitable Treatment in the Streaming Age [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. In Scandal at Puerto Rican Utility, a Key Player Insists He Took No Bribes. New York Times. 2016 Mar 3;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Korean Journal of Pathology
AbbreviationKorean J. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1738-1843
ISSN (online)2092-8920
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles