How to format your references using the The Korean Journal of Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Korean Journal of Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FitzGerald GA. BIOMEDICINE. Bringing PGE₂ in from the cold. Science. 2015 Jun 12;348(6240):1208–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boots M, Mealor M. Local interactions select for lower pathogen infectivity. Science. 2007 Mar 2;315(5816):1284–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chonan S, Kato S, Aoki T. Efficient single-mode photon-coupling device utilizing a nanofiber tip. Sci Rep. 2014 Apr 24;4:4785.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hu J, Zhong C, Ding C, Chi Q, Walz A, Mombaerts P, et al. Detection of near-atmospheric concentrations of CO2 by an olfactory subsystem in the mouse. Science. 2007 Aug 17;317(5840):953–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hamdan M, Righetti PG. Proteomics Today. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Chazottes J-R. Dynamics of Coupled Map Lattices and of Related Spatially Extended Systems. Fernandez B, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005. XII, 362 p. (Lecture Notes in Physics; vol. 671).
A chapter in an edited book
Padula F, Visioli A. FOPID Controller Additional Functionalities. In: Visioli A, editor. Advances in Robust Fractional Control. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 71–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Korean Journal of Pathology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Kepler Team Announces Discovery of Earth-Sized Planet in Habitable Zone. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs Additional Knowledge as it Embarks on a New Approach for Transformational Satellite Communications System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 May. Report No.: GAO-06-537.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Serrano M. Bilingual Sentiment Analysis of Spanglish Tweets [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly R. Desire Under the Waves. New York Times. 1993 Aug 1;714.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Korean Journal of Pathology
AbbreviationKorean J. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1738-1843
ISSN (online)2092-8920
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles