How to format your references using the The Korean Journal of Pathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Korean Journal of Pathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clay J. Freeze the footprint of food. Nature. 2011 Jul 20;475(7356):287–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wortmann UG, Chernyavsky BM. Effect of evaporite deposition on Early Cretaceous carbon and sulphur cycling. Nature. 2007 Apr 5;446(7136):654–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reyes N, Ginter C, Boudker O. Transport mechanism of a bacterial homologue of glutamate transporters. Nature. 2009 Dec 17;462(7275):880–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Larison JR, Likens GE, Fitzpatrick JW, Crock JG. Cadmium toxicity among wildlife in the Colorado Rocky Mountains. Nature. 2000 Jul 13;406(6792):181–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Drago C. Implant Restorations. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Docker MF, editor. Lampreys: Biology, Conservation and Control: Volume 1. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. XX, 438 p. 51 illus., 14 illus. in color. (Fish & Fisheries Series; vol. 37).
A chapter in an edited book
Ip ACF, Liu J. DNA-Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles for Metabolite and Nucleic Acid Detection. In: Erdmann VA, Barciszewski J, editors. DNA and RNA Nanobiotechnologies in Medicine: Diagnosis and Treatment of Diseases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 121–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Korean Journal of Pathology.

Blog post
Davis J. First-Ever Species Of Cave Fish Discovered In Europe [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Systems: SSA’s Modernization Efforts Need Redirection. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-87-16.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roubin AM. A resource manual of bullying intervention programs for parents, educators, and community officials in the Los Angeles area [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Beguiling Tales Of Women And Change. New York Times. 2017 Aug 2;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Korean Journal of Pathology
AbbreviationKorean J. Pathol.
ISSN (print)1738-1843
ISSN (online)2092-8920
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

Other styles