How to format your references using the Frontiers in Bone Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Bone Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Littman, M. L. (2015). Reinforcement learning improves behaviour from evaluative feedback. Nature 521, 445–451.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roberts, D. L., and Solow, A. R. (2003). Flightless birds: when did the dodo become extinct? Nature 426, 245.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakada, D., Saunders, T. L., and Morrison, S. J. (2010). Lkb1 regulates cell cycle and energy metabolism in haematopoietic stem cells. Nature 468, 653–658.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vaquero, A., Scher, M., Erdjument-Bromage, H., Tempst, P., Serrano, L., and Reinberg, D. (2007). SIRT1 regulates the histone methyl-transferase SUV39H1 during heterochromatin formation. Nature 450, 440–444.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Köhler, A., and Bässler, H. (2015). Electronic Processes in Organic Semiconductors. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Middleton, J. A., Cai, J., and Hwang, S. eds. (2015). Large-Scale Studies in Mathematics Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kopczak, L. R., and Matthews, G. (2016). “Measuring Markets That Supply Cash-Based Humanitarian Interventions,” in Advances in Managing Humanitarian Operations International Series in Operations Research & Management Science., eds. C. W. Zobel, N. Altay, and M. P. Haselkorn (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 79–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Bone Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). Stem Cells Have Been Used To Regenerate Damaged Monkey Hearts. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999). Federal Highway Administration: Parts and Accessories Necessary for Safe Operations, Lighting Devices, Reflectors, and Electrical Equipment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Avila, R. (2017). Support and Resources for Homeless Families: A Grant Proposal.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kitsantonis, N. (2017). Debt Relief, With Pain, Is on the Way For Greece. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Littman, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Roberts and Solow, 2003; Littman, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roberts and Solow, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Vaquero et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Bone Research
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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