How to format your references using the Frontiers in Bone Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Bone Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2000). CHEMISTRY NOBEL: Getting a Charge Out of Plastics. Science 290, 425–427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fairn, G. D., and Grinstein, S. (2008). Cell biology. A one-sided signal. Science 320, 458–460.
A journal article with 3 authors
Muir, G., Fleming, C. C., and Schlötterer, C. (2000). Species status of hybridizing oaks. Nature 405, 1016.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Karuppagounder, S. S., Brahmachari, S., Lee, Y., Dawson, V. L., Dawson, T. M., and Ko, H. S. (2014). The c-Abl inhibitor, nilotinib, protects dopaminergic neurons in a preclinical animal model of Parkinson’s disease. Sci. Rep. 4, 4874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar, V. (2006). Mobile Database Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Giglioni, G., Lancaster, J. A. T., Corneanu, S., and Jalobeanu, D. eds. (2016). Francis Bacon on Motion and Power. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Aichernig, B. K., Lorber, F., and Tappler, M. (2016). “Conformance Checking of Real-Time Models,” in Theory and Practice of Formal Methods: Essays Dedicated to Frank de Boer on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. E. Ábrahám, M. Bonsangue, and E. B. Johnsen (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 15–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Bone Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). What Happens When You Mix Coca-Cola With Liquid Nitrogen? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005). Public Transportation: Opportunities Exist to Improve the Communication and Transparency of Changes Made to the New Starts Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kaplan, C. M. (2017). Understanding the Anxiolytic Effects of Alcohol on the Central Extended Amygdala in Humans.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017). August Wilson Has a Biographer. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Service, 2000; Fairn and Grinstein, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fairn and Grinstein, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Karuppagounder et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Bone Research
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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