How to format your references using the Frontiers in Bone Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Bone Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walters, H. R. J. (2010). Physics. Antimatter atomic physics. Science 330, 762–763.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smetacek, V., and Cloern, J. E. (2008). Oceans. On phytoplankton trends. Science 319, 1346–1348.
A journal article with 3 authors
Butov, L. V., Gossard, A. C., and Chemla, D. S. (2002). Macroscopically ordered state in an exciton system. Nature 418, 751–754.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Qiu, Y.-Q., Zhou, J., Kang, X.-S., Ding, L.-M., Yu, W., Tan, F.-L., et al. (2014). Effect of BZG-4000, a novel multi-targeted kinase inhibitor with potent anticancer activity, on a hepatocellular carcinoma xenograft model. Sci. Rep. 4, 4324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phillips, J. J., Phillips, P., and Pulliam, A. (2014). Measuring ROI in Environment, Health, and Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
O’Toole, J. (2009). Drama and Curriculum: A Giant at the Door. , eds. M. Stinson and T. Moore Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Murthy, D. N. P., and Jack, N. (2014). “EWs/MSCs: An Overview,” in Extended Warranties, Maintenance Service and Lease Contracts: Modeling and Analysis for Decision-Making Springer Series in Reliability Engineering., ed. N. Jack (London: Springer), 91–125.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Bone Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Ancient Grass Preserved in Impact Glass. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). Railroad Safety: Human Factor Accidents and Issues Affecting Engineer Work Schedules. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jordan, V. S. (2017). A Mixed Methodology Exploration of White Female Pre-Service Teachers’ Discussions of Race and Gender through Presentations of Counternarratives in Children’s Literature Books.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Film Series. New York Times, C22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walters, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Smetacek and Cloern, 2008; Walters, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Smetacek and Cloern, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Qiu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Bone Research
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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