How to format your references using the Frontiers in Bone Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Bone Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife, C. (2000). ECONOMICS NOBEL: Dealing With Biases and Discrete Choices. Science 290, 427.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemberger, M., and Pedersen, R. (2010). Stem cells. Epigenome disruptors. Science 330, 598–599.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bell, E., Rowen, L., and Hood, L. (2000). Publication rights for sequence data producers. Science 290, 1696b–8b.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Attwood, B. K., Bourgognon, J.-M., Patel, S., Mucha, M., Schiavon, E., Skrzypiec, A. E., et al. (2011). Neuropsin cleaves EphB2 in the amygdala to control anxiety. Nature 473, 372–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Angueira, P., and Romo, J. A. (2012). Microwave Line of Sight Link Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sommer, R., Balzarotti, D., and Maier, G. eds. (2011). Recent Advances in Intrusion Detection: 14th International Symposium, RAID 2011, Menlo Park, CA, USA, September 20-21, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mei, Y., and Goenezen, S. (2015). “Spatially Weighted Objective Function to Solve the Inverse Elasticity Problem for the Elastic Modulus,” in Computational Biomechanics for Medicine: New Approaches and New Applications, eds. B. Doyle, K. Miller, A. Wittek, and P. M. F. Nielsen (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Bone Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). The Not-So-Invisible Damage From VW Diesel Cheat: $100 Million In Health Costs. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Comments on the Office of Personnel Management’s February 20, 2008 Report to Congress Regarding the Retirement Systems Modernization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ladd, R. J. (2014). A Study of Alternative Education Programs in the State of Missouri.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tavernise, S. (2017). Trump’s Tumultuous Week? To Supporters, It Went Well. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seife, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Seife, 2000; Hemberger and Pedersen, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hemberger and Pedersen, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Attwood et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Bone Research
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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