How to format your references using the Frontiers in Bone Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Bone Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2000). NUCLEAR CHEMISTRY: Element 107 Leaves the Table Unturned. Science 289, 1270.
A journal article with 2 authors
Conard, N. J., and Bolus, M. (2015). Anthropology. Chronicling modern human’s arrival in Europe. Science 348, 754–756.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lev, M., Yehezkel, O., and Polat, U. (2014). Uncovering foveal crowding? Sci. Rep. 4, 4067.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lee, J.-Y., Yoo, B.-C., Rojas, M. R., Gomez-Ospina, N., Staehelin, L. A., and Lucas, W. J. (2003). Selective trafficking of non-cell-autonomous proteins mediated by NtNCAPP1. Science 299, 392–396.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knowles, R. (2008). 150 Contractual Problems and their Solutions. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Zaraté, P., Kersten, G. E., and Hernández, J. E. eds. (2014). Group Decision and Negotiation. A Process-Oriented View: Joint INFORMS-GDN and EWG-DSS International Conference, GDN 2014, Toulouse, France, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Travascio, F., and Gu, W. Y. (2009). “Novel Video-FRAP Method for the Determination of Anisotropic Diffusion: Principles and Optimization,” in 25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2009, 15 – 17 May 2009, Miami, Florida, USA IFMBE Proceedings., eds. A. J. McGoron, C.-Z. Li, and W.-C. Lin (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 9–10.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Bone Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). New Exomoon Detection Technique. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Within-School Discrimination: Inadequate Title VI Enforcement by the Office for Civil Rights. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hatton, J. D. (2012). The Changing Dynamics of Health Care: Physician Perceptions of Technology in Medical Practices.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2016). Tarnish on the Torch. New York Times, BR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Conard and Bolus, 2015; Service, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Conard and Bolus, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Bone Research
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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