How to format your references using the Computer Science Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computer Science Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V.L. Popov, Analytic solution for the limiting shape of profiles due to fretting wear, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 3749.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.E. Vidale, P.S. Earle, Fine-scale heterogeneity in the Earth’s inner core, Nature. 404 (2000) 273–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Kirichok, B. Navarro, D.E. Clapham, Whole-cell patch-clamp measurements of spermatozoa reveal an alkaline-activated Ca2+ channel, Nature. 439 (2006) 737–740.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Q. Ji, S.-A. Ji, Y.-N. Cheng, H.-L. You, J.-C. Lü, Y.-Q. Liu, C.-X. Yuan, Palaeontology: pterosaur egg with a leathery shell, Nature. 432 (2004) 572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Inness, S. Dorling, Operational Weather Forecasting, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
D.G. Steyn, S.T. Rao, eds., Air Pollution Modeling and its Application XX, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
S.N. Levine, J.O. Smith Iii, A Compact and Malleable Sines+Transients+Noise Model for Sound, in: J.W. Beauchamp (Ed.), Analysis, Synthesis, and Perception of Musical Sounds: The Sound of Music, Springer, New York, NY, 2007: pp. 145–174.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computer Science Review.

Blog post
T. Hale, Bill Nye Explains What Would Happen If All Of Earth’s Ice Melted, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: Challenges Remain for VA’s Sharing of Electronic Health Records with DOD, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T. Ekici, An Investigation of Credit Card Debt: The Effect of Price and Income Expectations and the Impact on Consumption, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Days of a Dynasty Are Only a Memory For a Distinct Race, New York Times. (2011) SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleComputer Science Review
AbbreviationComput. Sci. Rev.
ISSN (print)1574-0137
ScopeGeneral Computer Science
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles