How to format your references using the The Journal of Value Inquiry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Value Inquiry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bonetta, Laura. 2010. Protein-protein interactions: Interactome under construction. Nature 468: 851–854.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hwang, I., and J. Sheen. 2001. Two-component circuitry in Arabidopsis cytokinin signal transduction. Nature 413: 383–389.
A journal article with 3 authors
Niemeier, Matthias, J. Douglas Crawford, and Douglas B. Tweed. 2003. Optimal transsaccadic integration explains distorted spatial perception. Nature 422: 76–80.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
García, Rafael A., Sylvaine Turck-Chièze, Sebastian J. Jiménez-Reyes, Jérôme Ballot, Pere L. Pallé, Antonio Eff-Darwich, Savita Mathur, and Janine Provost. 2007. Tracking solar gravity modes: the dynamics of the solar core. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 1591–1593.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coe, Jerome T. 2000. Unlikely Victory: How General Electric Succeeded in the Chemical Industry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Attri, S. D., L. S. Rathore, M. V. K. Sivakumar, and S. K. Dash, ed. 2011. Challenges and Opportunities in Agrometeorology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nedoma, J., and J. Ramík. 2006. Linear programming with set coefficients. In Linear Optimization Problems with Inexact Data, ed. J. Nedoma, J. Ramík, J. Rohn, and K. Zimmermann, 101–116. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Value Inquiry.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. Here’s Something You’ve Never Experienced If You’re Under The Age Of 40. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 18.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. District of Columbia Public Schools: Implementation and Sustainability of Reform Efforts Could Benefit From Enhanced Planning. GAO-09-902T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goodwell, Laura Y. 2017. Do athletic trainers have a positive impact on high school athletes’ knowledge of injury prevention and training habits? Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFRANIERE, Sharon, and Andrew W. Lehren. 2015. The Disproportionate Risk of Driving While Black. New York Times, October 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Value Inquiry
AbbreviationJ. Value Inq.
ISSN (print)0022-5363
ISSN (online)1573-0492
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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