How to format your references using the The Journal of Value Inquiry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Value Inquiry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. 2000. Crossing the divide between theory and practice. Nature 404: 316.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wyithe, J. Stuart B., and Abraham Loeb. 2006. Suppression of dwarf galaxy formation by cosmic reionization. Nature 441: 322–324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Joo, William, Simon Hippenmeyer, and Liqun Luo. 2014. Neurodevelopment. Dendrite morphogenesis depends on relative levels of NT-3/TrkC signaling. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346: 626–629.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Norbury, Christopher C., Sameh Basta, Keri B. Donohue, David C. Tscharke, Michael F. Princiotta, Peter Berglund, James Gibbs, Jack R. Bennink, and Jonathan W. Yewdell. 2004. CD8+ T cell cross-priming via transfer of proteasome substrates. Science (New York, N.Y.) 304: 1318–1321.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reschetilowski, Wladimir. 2002. Technisch-Chemisches Praktikum. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Scholz, Stefan, and Marcus D. Jarboe, ed. 2016. Diagnostic and Interventional Ultrasound in Pediatrics and Pediatric Surgery. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Meena, A., and M. El Mansori. 2016. Integrated Casting-Heat Treatment Process Route for Near Net Shape ADI Casting Production. In Shape Casting: 5th International Symposium 2014, ed. Murat Tiryakioğlu, John Campbell, and Glenn Byczynski, 35–41. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Value Inquiry.

Blog post
Evans, Katy. 2016. Hundreds Of Snow Leopards Killed Every Year In “Retaliation.” IFLScience. IFLScience. October 21.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. 21st Century Challenges: Reexamining the Base of the Federal Government. GAO-05-325SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shibata, Cameron L. 2017. Building positive body image in adolescent girls: An evaluation of a body image prevention program. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, Sophia. 2000. Still a Fan Favorite. New York Times, September 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Value Inquiry
AbbreviationJ. Value Inq.
ISSN (print)0022-5363
ISSN (online)1573-0492
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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