How to format your references using the The Journal of Value Inquiry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Value Inquiry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sonnenburg, Justin L. 2015. Microbiome engineering. Nature 518: S10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackinnon, M. J., and K. Marsh. 2010. The selection landscape of malaria parasites. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 866–871.
A journal article with 3 authors
Janetopoulos, C., T. Jin, and P. Devreotes. 2001. Receptor-mediated activation of heterotrimeric G-proteins in living cells. Science (New York, N.Y.) 291: 2408–2411.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Olsen, P. E., D. V. Kent, H-D Sues, C. Koeberl, H. Huber, A. Montanari, E. C. Rainforth, S. J. Fowell, M. J. Szajna, and B. W. Hartline. 2002. Ascent of dinosaurs linked to an iridium anomaly at the Triassic-Jurassic boundary. Science (New York, N.Y.) 296: 1305–1307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shahidi, Alex. 2014. Balanced Asset Allocation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Issa, Tomayess, Pedro Isaias, and Piet Kommers, ed. 2016. Social Networking and Education: Global Perspectives. 1st ed. 2016. Lecture Notes in Social Networks. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Varzi, Achille. 2016. On Drawing Lines Across the Board. In The Theory and Practice of Ontology, ed. Leo Zaibert, 45–78. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Value Inquiry.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2013. LUX Dark Matter Detector Releases First Results. IFLScience. IFLScience. October 30.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Evaluation and the Research Process. 110668. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wood, Elizabeth D. 2017. A Study of the Effect of Grouping Students and Results on the Ohio Achievement Assessment for Reading. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, Ben. 2017. The Chef Providing a Comic Garnish to the Grammys. New York Times, February 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Value Inquiry
AbbreviationJ. Value Inq.
ISSN (print)0022-5363
ISSN (online)1573-0492
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles