How to format your references using the The Journal of Value Inquiry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Value Inquiry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoffman, Jennifer E. 2010. Physics. Sign flips and spin fluctuations in iron high-Tc superconductors. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 441–443.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ravi, Maruthachalam, and Simon W. L. Chan. 2010. Haploid plants produced by centromere-mediated genome elimination. Nature 464: 615–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCloskey, John, Suleyman S. Nalbant, and Sandy Steacy. 2005. Indonesian earthquake: earthquake risk from co-seismic stress. Nature 434: 291.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Erdman, Natasha, Kenneth R. Poeppelmeier, Mark Asta, Oliver Warschkow, Donald E. Ellis, and Laurence D. Marks. 2002. The structure and chemistry of the TiO(2)-rich surface of SrTiO(3) (001). Nature 419: 55–58.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller, Michael B. 2013. Mathematics and Statistics for Financial Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Martella, Claudio. 2015. Practical Graph Analytics with Apache Giraph. Edited by Roman Shaposhnik and Dionysios Logothetis. Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Chowdary, C. R., and P. Sreenivasa Kumar. 2008. Sentence Ordering for Coherent Multi-document Summary Generation. In Sharing Data, Information and Knowledge: 25th British National Conference on Databases, BNCOD 25, Cardiff, UK, July 7-10, 2008. Proceedings, ed. Alex Gray, Keith Jeffery, and Jianhua Shao, 40–50. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Value Inquiry.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. Huge DNA Study Assesses Genomes Of Iceland’s Population. IFLScience. IFLScience. March 26.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. No Federal Programs Are Designed Primarily To Support Engineering Education, but Many Do. PAD-82-20. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chatterjee, Kaushik. 2012. A probabilistic mechanistic approach for assessing the rupture frequency of small modular reactor steam generator tubes using uncertain inputs from in-service inspections. Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, Linda. 2014. Modernist Birds Can Roost Here. New York Times, June 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Value Inquiry
AbbreviationJ. Value Inq.
ISSN (print)0022-5363
ISSN (online)1573-0492
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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