How to format your references using the The Journal of Value Inquiry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Value Inquiry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mueller, Kristen L. 2015. Cancer immunology and immunotherapy. Realizing the promise. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 348: 54–55.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brubaker, Sky W., and Denise M. Monack. 2015. IMMUNOLOGY. Microbial metabolite triggers antimicrobial defense. Science (New York, N.Y.) 348: 1207–1208.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kreiman, G., C. Koch, and I. Fried. 2000. Imagery neurons in the human brain. Nature 408: 357–361.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Dekai, Guolong Zhang, Matthew S. Hayden, Matthew B. Greenblatt, Crystal Bussey, Richard A. Flavell, and Sankar Ghosh. 2004. A toll-like receptor that prevents infection by uropathogenic bacteria. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303: 1522–1526.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, Ian, Marie A. Gaudard, and Mia L. Stephens. 2016. Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Weerasinghe, Dasun, ed. 2009. Electronic Healthcare: First International Conference, eHealth 2008, London, UK, September 8-9, 2008. Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 0001. Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chniter, Hamza, Mohamed Khalgui, and Fethi Jarray. 2016. Combinatorial Optimization Approach for Feasible Low-Power and Real-Time Flexible OS Tasks. In Informatics in Control, Automation and Robotics: 11th International Conference, ICINCO 2014 Vienna, Austria, September 2-4, 2014 Revised Selected Papers, ed. Joaquim Filipe, Oleg Gusikhin, Kurosh Madani, and Jurek Sasiadek, 59–77. Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Value Inquiry.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2017. Explore The Amazon With This Stunning 360° Virtual Reality Video. IFLScience. IFLScience. February 7.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Embedded Computer Systems: Significant Software Problems on C-17 Must Be Addressed. IMTEC-92-48. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Caraballo-Cole, Tania. 2012. Mindfulness-based mental health services for single mothers: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, Michael D., and Julie Hirschfeld Davis. 2017. U.S. Ends Program Giving ‘Dreamers’ Legal Protection. New York Times, September 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Value Inquiry
AbbreviationJ. Value Inq.
ISSN (print)0022-5363
ISSN (online)1573-0492
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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