How to format your references using the The Journal of Value Inquiry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Value Inquiry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Craighead, Harold. 2006. Future lab-on-a-chip technologies for interrogating individual molecules. Nature 442: 387–393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aguzzi, Adriano, and Christian Haass. 2003. Games played by rogue proteins in prion disorders and Alzheimer’s disease. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 814–818.
A journal article with 3 authors
James, Stephanie, Cameron P. Simmons, and Anthony A. James. 2011. Ecology. Mosquito trials. Science (New York, N.Y.) 334: 771–772.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Novoselov, K. S., A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov. 2004. Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films. Science (New York, N.Y.) 306: 666–669.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Steenbarger, Brett N. 2015. Trading Psychology 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Domingo-Ferrer, Josep, and Emmanouil Magkos, ed. 2010. Privacy in Statistical Databases: UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy, International Conference, PSD 2010, Corfu, Greece, September 22-24, 2010. Proceedings. Vol. 6344. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kubicek, Jan, Marek Penhaker, Karolina Pavelova, Ali Selamat, Radovan Hudak, and Jaroslav Majernik. 2015. Segmentation of MRI Data to Extract the Blood Vessels Based on Fuzzy Thresholding. In New Trends in Intelligent Information and Database Systems, ed. Dariusz Barbucha, Ngoc Thanh Nguyen, and John Batubara, 43–52. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Value Inquiry.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. How Do Parasites Control Their Hosts? IFLScience. IFLScience. March 20.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Airport Finance: Past Funding Levels May Not Be Sufficient to Cover Airports’ Planned Capital Development. GAO-03-497T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham, Chacko. 2017. How Are Nonresident African American Fathers Involved in Their Children’s Academic Success? Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2002. Cathedral Needs Alms In the Wake of Calamity. New York Times, May 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Value Inquiry
AbbreviationJ. Value Inq.
ISSN (print)0022-5363
ISSN (online)1573-0492
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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