How to format your references using the Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wand AJ. 2015. Biophysics: Enzymes surf the heat wave. Nature. 517(7533):149–50
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee S-Y, MacKinnon R. 2004. A membrane-access mechanism of ion channel inhibition by voltage sensor toxins from spider venom. Nature. 430(6996):232–35
A journal article with 3 authors
Sparks RSJ, Biggs J, Neuberg JW. 2012. Geophysics. Monitoring volcanoes. Science. 335(6074):1310–11
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Lane TW, Saito MA, George GN, Pickering IJ, Prince RC, Morel FMM. 2005. Biochemistry: a cadmium enzyme from a marine diatom. Nature. 435(7038):42

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carroll JM, Bowyer-Crane C, Duff FJ, Hulme C, Snowling MJ. 2011. Developing Language and Literacy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Cerny E. 2010. The Power of Assertions in SystemVerilog. Boston, MA: Springer US. XVII, 544 p. 166 illus pp. First ed.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Damme C, Coenen T, Vandijck E. 2008. Turning a Corporate Folksonomy into a Lightweight Corporate Ontology. In Business Information Systems: 11th International Conference, BIS 2008, Innsbruck, Austria, May 5-7, 2008. Proceedings, ed W Abramowicz, D Fensel, pp. 36–47. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Early Human Diversity Underestimated. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Mission Support Project: User Perceptions on Computer Use and Network Operations. OIMC-92-4, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Savage F. 2014. Effect of Dry-Wet Cycles on Fracture Propagation in Shale and Gas Production Mechanism. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2013. A Different Way of Taking Off at J.F.K. New York Times, April 15, p. D8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3, 4).
This sentence cites four references (4, 6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Genomics Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)1527-8204
ISSN (online)1545-293X
Molecular Biology

Other styles