How to format your references using the Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chun J. 2007. Immunology. The sources of a lipid conundrum. Science. 316(5822):208–10
A journal article with 2 authors
Jing Z, Wu L. 2014. Intensified diapycnal mixing in the midlatitude western boundary currents. Sci. Rep. 4:7412
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang MC, O’Rourke EJ, Ruvkun G. 2008. Fat metabolism links germline stem cells and longevity in C. elegans. Science. 322(5903):957–60
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Baranzini SE, Mudge J, van Velkinburgh JC, Khankhanian P, Khrebtukova I, et al. 2010. Genome, epigenome and RNA sequences of monozygotic twins discordant for multiple sclerosis. Nature. 464(7293):1351–56

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wootton RJ, Smith C. 2014. Reproductive Biology of Teleost Fishes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Preston J, Binner JM, Branicki L, Galla T, Jones N, et al., eds. 2015. City Evacuations: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XI, 128 p. 27 illus., 18 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
da Silva PSL, Neto HM, de Carvalho WB. 2014. Neuromuscular Blockade. In Pediatric Critical Care Medicine: Volume 4: Peri-operative Care of the Critically Ill or Injured Child, ed DS Wheeler, HR Wong, TP Shanley, pp. 77–90. London: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew D. 2016. World War I To The Age Of The Cyborg: The Surprising History Of Prosthetic Limbs. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Tactical Airlift: Issues Concerning Air Force Plans for Pacific Distribution System. NSIAD-89-81, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeLima LE. 2017. Implementing an Innovative Educational Program in an Era of Accountability: An Interview Study of the Expeditionary Learning Program. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. 2016. California Town and Its Public Retirees Reel Under $1.6 Million Pension Bill. New York Times, Oct. 10, p. A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2, 4).
This sentence cites four references (3, 5, 7, 8).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Genomics Hum. Genet.
ISSN (print)1527-8204
ISSN (online)1545-293X
Molecular Biology

Other styles