How to format your references using the Sport Sciences for Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sport Sciences for Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Centola D (2011) An experimental study of homophily in the adoption of health behavior. Science 334:1269–1272
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Shibasaki M, Masataka N (2014) The color red distorts time perception for men, but not for women. Sci Rep 4:5899
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ronshaugen M, McGinnis N, McGinnis W (2002) Hox protein mutation and macroevolution of the insect body plan. Nature 415:914–917
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Choi Y-R, Zheng M, Bai F, et al (2014) Laser-induced greenish-blue photoluminescence of mesoporous silicon nanowires. Sci Rep 4:4940

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vaseghi SV (2006) Advanced Digital Signal Processing and Noise Reduction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Xiao T, Zhang L, Fei M (2012) AsiaSim 2012: Asia Simulation Conference 2012, Shanghai, China, October 27-30, 2012. Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Matsuba S (2006) Does History Have a Purpose?; History Theory of Merleau-Ponty in the Latter Half of the 1940S. In: Tymieniecka A-T (ed) Logos of Phenomenology and Phenomenology of the Logos. Book Three: Logos of History - Logos of Life. Historicity, Time, Nature, Communication, Consciousness, Alterity, Culture. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 65–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sport Sciences for Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R (2017) Woman Finds Literal Nightmare Crawling Around Inside Her Head. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/woman-literal-nightmare-crawling-inside-head/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1998) Charter Schools: Federal Funding Available but Barriers Exist. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bowman K (2017) A Close Look at the 2014 Passage of the Illinois County School Facility Sales Tax in Greene County. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schwartz J (2017) Exxon Misled the Public on the Risks of Climate Change, a Study Says. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSport Sciences for Health
AbbreviationSport Sci. Health
ISSN (print)1824-7490
ISSN (online)1825-1234
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles