How to format your references using the Sport Sciences for Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sport Sciences for Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Turner MS (2007) Quarks and the cosmos. Science 315:59–61
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zhuo S, Ni M (2014) Label-free and real-time imaging of dehydration-induced DNA conformational changes in cellular nucleus using second harmonic microscopy. Sci Rep 4:7416
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Dubal DP, Holze R, Gomez-Romero P (2014) Development of hybrid materials based on sponge supported reduced graphene oxide and transition metal hydroxides for hybrid energy storage devices. Sci Rep 4:7349
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Rovira-Asenjo N, Gumí T, Sales-Pardo M, Guimerà R (2013) Predicting future conflict between team-members with parameter-free models of social networks. Sci Rep 3:1999

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Mitra A (2008) Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Park J-Y (2015) Sports Injuries to the Shoulder and Elbow. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Blackwell J, Martin J (2011) Linguistic Points. In: Martin J (ed) A Scientific Approach to Scientific Writing. Springer, New York, NY, pp 63–76

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sport Sciences for Health.

Blog post
1.
Taub B (2016) Study Reveals How The Brains Of Criminal Psychopaths Are Wired. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/study-reveals-brains-criminal-psychopaths-wired/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1994) National Laboratories: Are Their R&D Activities Related to Commercial Product Development? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Liao X (2006) Creative Learning for Intelligent Robots. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Prochnik G (2010) Now Don’t Hear This. New York Times WK11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSport Sciences for Health
AbbreviationSport Sci. Health
ISSN (print)1824-7490
ISSN (online)1825-1234
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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