How to format your references using the Sport Sciences for Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sport Sciences for Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stewart I I (2000) Mathematics. The Lorenz attractor exists. Nature 406:948–949
A journal article with 2 authors
Rappuoli R, Dormitzer PR (2012) Influenza: options to improve pandemic preparation. Science 336:1531–1533
A journal article with 3 authors
Dharmawardhana CC, Misra A, Ching W-Y (2014) Quantum mechanical metric for internal cohesion in cement crystals. Sci Rep 4:7332
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chamero P, Marton TF, Logan DW, et al (2007) Identification of protein pheromones that promote aggressive behaviour. Nature 450:899–902

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rizzi TE, Valenciano A, Bowles M, et al (2017) Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Schmidt G, Abut H, Takeda K, Hansen JHL (2014) Smart Mobile In-Vehicle Systems: Next Generation Advancements. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Moreira AM, Hentz C, Déharbe D, et al (2015) Verifying Code Generation Tools for the B-Method Using Tests: A Case Study. In: Blanchette JC, Kosmatov N (eds) Tests and Proofs: 9th International Conference, TAP 2015, Held as Part of STAF 2015, L’Aquila, Italy, July 22-24, 2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 76–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sport Sciences for Health.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Nepal Is At Risk From Another Big Earthquake. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) ADP Budget Analysis: SSA’s Information Systems Funding for Fiscal Years 1988 and 1989. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Annan F (2012) Spatial pattern of yield distributions: implications for crop insurance. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2011) Sanford Sigoloff, 80, Expert at Turnarounds. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSport Sciences for Health
AbbreviationSport Sci. Health
ISSN (print)1824-7490
ISSN (online)1825-1234
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles