How to format your references using the Sport Sciences for Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sport Sciences for Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2001) Concern raised for missing biologist. Nature 414:475
A journal article with 2 authors
Hezel DC, Russell SS (2008) Comment on “ancient asteroids enriched in refractory inclusions.” Science 322:1050; author reply 1050
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang X, Chen X, Wang L (2014) Random allocation of pies promotes the evolution of fairness in the Ultimatum Game. Sci Rep 4:4534
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li P, Liu H, Lai C, et al (2014) Differential modulations of KCNQ1 by auxiliary proteins KCNE1 and KCNE2. Sci Rep 4:4973

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alexandrovna MI, Ionin BI, Tebby JC (2013) Alkynes in Cycloadditions. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Curtis B (2014) Practical Oracle Database Appliance. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Berka T, Vajteršic M (2014) Dimensionality Reduction for Information Retrieval Using Vector Replacement of Rare Terms. In: Yada K (ed) Data Mining for Service. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sport Sciences for Health.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Gorillas In Zoos – The Unpalatable Truth. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1980) Space Industrialization Act of 1980. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bujarbarua V (2015) Production Optimization Using an In-Situ Steam Generator in a Rejuvenated Heavy Oil Field. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) His Slump in the Past, a Met Ensures His Teammates’ Struggles Matter Less. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSport Sciences for Health
AbbreviationSport Sci. Health
ISSN (print)1824-7490
ISSN (online)1825-1234
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles