How to format your references using the The Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cresswell P: Cell biology. Cutting and pasting antigenic peptides. Science 2004; 304: 525–527.
A journal article with 2 authors
Janak PH and Tye KM: From circuits to behaviour in the amygdala. Nature 2015; 517: 284–292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mehta MR, Lee AK and Wilson MA: Role of experience and oscillations in transforming a rate code into a temporal code. Nature 2002; 417: 741–746.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang J, Rao S, Chu J, et al: A protein interaction network for pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. Nature 2006; 444: 364–368.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pederson LD: Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Golden CJ: The Intercorrelation of Traumatic Brain Injury and PTSD in Neuropsychological Evaluations. ( Edited by LD Driskell and L K. Lashley). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Jojczyk K, Pryczek M, Tomczyk A, et al: Cognitive Hierarchical Active Partitions Using Patch Approach. In: Computer Vision and Graphics: International Conference, ICCVG 2010, Warsaw, Poland, September 20-22, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Edited by L Bolc, R Tadeusiewicz, LJ Chmielewski, et al. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2010; pp 35–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Hamilton K: Maps Have Been Lying To You Your Entire Life. IFLScience 2015. Available at:, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: GAO’s Views on SDIO’s Phase I Cost Estimate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ghale K: Modeling the Traffic Impacts During Evacuation of a Suburban University Campus: A Case Study. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forsythe M and Stevenson A: Gadfly Nettles Chinese Elite From 5th Ave. New York Times 2017: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Urology
AbbreviationJ. Urol.
ISSN (print)0022-5347
ISSN (online)1527-3792

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