How to format your references using the The Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sigl G: Ultrahigh-energy cosmic rays: physics and astrophysics at extreme energies. Science 2001; 291: 73–79.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams BRG and Sen GC: Immunology. A viral on/off switch for interferon. Science 2003; 300: 1100–1101.
A journal article with 3 authors
Friis EM, Pedersen KR and Crane PR: Fossil evidence of water lilies (Nymphaeales) in the Early Cretaceous. Nature 2001; 410: 357–360.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lodato MA, Rodin RE, Bohrson CL, et al: Aging and neurodegeneration are associated with increased mutations in single human neurons. Science 2018; 359: 555–559.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans R: Seven Secrets of the Savvy School Leader. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass; 2010.
An edited book
Weihed P ed: 3D, 4D and Predictive Modelling of Major Mineral Belts in Europe. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Faheem M and Senellart P: Adaptive Web Crawling Through Structure-Based Link Classification. In: Digital Libraries: Providing Quality Information: 17th International Conference on Asia-Pacific Digital Libraries, ICADL 2015, Seoul, Korea, December 9-12, 2015. Proceedings. Edited by RB Allen, J Hunter and ML Zeng. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing 2015; pp 39–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Davis J: Antibody Therapy That Prevents Neurological Damage In Mice Could Help With Alzheimer’s. IFLScience 2015. Available at:, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airport Improvement Program: Analysis of Discretionary Spending for Fiscal Years 1996-98. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tran LN: Low-cost vehicle remote diagnostic system. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowley S and Silver-Greenberg J: Suits Say Lender Duped Students to Fuel Growth. New York Times 2017: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Urology
AbbreviationJ. Urol.
ISSN (print)0022-5347
ISSN (online)1527-3792

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