How to format your references using the The Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anthes E: Treatment: Marginal gains. Nature 2014; 508: S54-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dunn RA and Martinez F: Contrasting crustal production and rapid mantle transitions beneath back-arc ridges. Nature 2011; 469: 198–202.
A journal article with 3 authors
Linnartz H, Verdes D and Maier JP: Rotationally resolved infrared spectrum of the charge transfer complex [Ar-N2]+. Science 2002; 297: 1166–1167.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang Z, Yu S, Fan H, et al: Quantum error correction assisted by two-way noisy communication. Sci. Rep. 2014; 4: 7203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wu Z: Software VNA and Microwave Network Design and Characterisation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2007.
An edited book
Pereira AW and Mattei L eds: The Brazilian Economy Today: Towards a New Socio-Economic Model? London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Webster-Stratton CH and Reid MJ: The Incredible Years Program for Children from Infancy to Pre-adolescence: Prevention and Treatment of Behavior Problems. In: Clinical Handbook of Assessing and Treating Conduct Problems in Youth. Edited by RC Murrihy, AD Kidman and TH Ollendick. New York, NY: Springer 2011; pp 117–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Early Humans May Have Migrated Out Of Africa Through Egypt. IFLScience 2015. Available at:, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Next Generation Air Transportation: Collaborative Efforts with European Union Generally Mirror Effective Practices, but Near-Term Challenges Could Delay Implementation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvarez C: Support groups for children of depressed parents: A grant proposal. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K: As Plans for Marsh Dry Up, Park’s Neighbors Complain. New York Times 2001: 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Urology
AbbreviationJ. Urol.
ISSN (print)0022-5347
ISSN (online)1527-3792

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