How to format your references using the The Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff D: NUCLEAR SECURITY: Los Alamos Under Siege After Secrets Recovered. Science 2000; 288: 2109a–10a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith JL and Sherman DH: Biochemistry. An enzyme assembly line. Science 2008; 321: 1304–1305.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pearson PD, Moje E and Greenleaf C: Literacy and science: each in the service of the other. Science 2010; 328: 459–463.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lund K, Manzo AJ, Dabby N, et al: Molecular robots guided by prescriptive landscapes. Nature 2010; 465: 206–210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmann H and Steinle A: Precast Concrete Structures. Berlin, Germany: Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG; 2012.
An edited book
Vilanova R and Visioli A eds: PID Control in the Third Millennium: Lessons Learned and New Approaches. London: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Lane ND, Lu H, Eisenman SB, et al: Cooperative Techniques Supporting Sensor-Based People-Centric Inferencing. In: Pervasive Computing: 6th International Conference, Pervasive 2008 Sydney, Australia, May 19-22, 2008 Proceedings. Edited by J Indulska, DJ Patterson, T Rodden, et al. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2008; pp 75–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Andrew E: Scientists Enhance Creativity Through Brain Stimulation. IFLScience 2015. Available at:, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Business Systems Modernization: IRS Needs to Better Balance Management Capacity with System Acquisition Workload. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weir B: The transfer of momentum from waves to currents due to wave breaking. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L: One Distorted View Of the Health Bill. New York Times 2017: A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Urology
AbbreviationJ. Urol.
ISSN (print)0022-5347
ISSN (online)1527-3792

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