How to format your references using the The Journal of Urology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Urology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Speirs V: Perspective: Not just for women. Nature 2012; 485: S66.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metrangolo P and Resnati G: Chemistry. Halogen versus hydrogen. Science 2008; 321: 918–919.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaplan CD, Laprade L and Winston F: Transcription elongation factors repress transcription initiation from cryptic sites. Science 2003; 301: 1096–1099.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alloing M, Lemaître A, Galopin E, et al: Optically programmable excitonic traps. Sci. Rep. 2013; 3: 1578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young SD: Psychology at the Movies. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Witrant E, Fridman E, Sename O, et al eds: Recent Results on Time-Delay Systems: Analysis and Control. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Basnyat S, Chozos N, Johnson C, et al: Incident and Accident Investigation Techniques to Inform Model-Based Design of Safety-Critical Interactive Systems. In: Interactive Systems. Design, Specification, and Verification: 12th International Workshop, DSVIS 2005, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, July 13-15, 2005. Revised Papers. Edited by SW Gilroy and MD Harrison. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2006; pp 51–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Urology.

Blog post
Fang J: Non-Human DNA Discovered During Biopsy Of Ötzi The Iceman. IFLScience 2014. Available at:ötzi-iceman/, accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Cost/Benefit Analysis--A Legislative Branch Viewpoint. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia M: A.R.T. / Atmospheric. Retail. Therapy. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland T by J: Wildlife in Captivity. New York Times 2016: MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Urology
AbbreviationJ. Urol.
ISSN (print)0022-5347
ISSN (online)1527-3792

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