How to format your references using the Food Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McMurray, B. (2007). Defusing the childhood vocabulary explosion. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5838), 631.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barouch, D. H., & Deeks, S. G. (2014). Immunologic strategies for HIV-1 remission and eradication. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6193), 169–174.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, H. W., 2nd, Chen, W.-P., & Brudzinski, M. R. (2010). Seismic evidence of negligible water carried below 400-km depth in subducting lithosphere. Nature, 467(7317), 828–831.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shanahan, T. M., Overpeck, J. T., Anchukaitis, K. J., Beck, J. W., Cole, J. E., Dettman, D. L., Peck, J. A., Scholz, C. A., & King, J. W. (2009). Atlantic forcing of persistent drought in West Africa. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5925), 377–380.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joule, J. A., & Mills, K. (2012). Heterocyclic Chemistry at a Glance. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hodler, J., Schulthess, G. K. V., & Zollikofer, C. L. (Eds.). (2006). Diseases of The Abdomen and Pelvis: Diagnostic Imaging and Interventional Techniques 38th International Diagnostic Course in Davos (IDKD) Davos, April 1–7, 2006. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ching, W.-K., Huang, X., Ng, M. K., & Siu, T.-K. (2013). A Hidden Markov Model for Customer Classification. In X. Huang, M. K. Ng, & T.-K. Siu (Eds.), Markov Chains: Models, Algorithms and Applications (pp. 97–106). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Control.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 21). NASA Finds Young Volcano On Mars That Outlived The Dinosaurs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). DOD Schools: Funding and Operating Alternatives for Education of Dependents (HRD-87-16). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alvarez, C. (2015). Support groups for children of depressed parents: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, October 28). A Pop-Up Showcase. New York Times, E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McMurray, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Barouch & Deeks, 2014; McMurray, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barouch & Deeks, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Green et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shanahan et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Control
AbbreviationFood Control
ISSN (print)0956-7135
ScopeFood Science

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