How to format your references using the Food Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ulbricht, M. (2015). Materials science: gating mechanism under pressure. Nature, 519(7541), 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsumoto, Y., & Maller, J. L. (2004). A centrosomal localization signal in cyclin E required for Cdk2-independent S phase entry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5697), 885–888.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berné, O., Marcelino, N., & Cernicharo, J. (2010). Waves on the surface of the Orion molecular cloud. Nature, 466(7309), 947–949.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yoder, J., Pham, C., Iizuka, Y. M., Kanagawa, O., Liu, S. K., McGlade, J., & Cheng, A. M. (2001). Requirement for the SLP-76 adaptor GADS in T cell development. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5510), 1987–1991.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garrison, D. R., & Vaughan, N. D. (2007). Blended Learning in Higher Education. Jossey-Bass.
An edited book
Wicks, A., & Niezrecki, C. (Eds.). (2016). Structural Health Monitoring, Damage Detection & Mechatronics, Volume 7: Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2016. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hamilton, D., & Zufiaurre, B. (2014). Mass Schooling, Globalisation and Human Rights. In B. Zufiaurre (Ed.), Blackboards and Bootstraps: Revisioning Education and Schooling (pp. 113–133). SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Control.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, May 14). Researchers Reveal The First Warm-Blooded Fish. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). The Treasury Financial Communications System (No. 129307). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, R. I. (2009). Variable selection for models with missing data [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philpott, M. L. (2017, March 4). Finding What I Need at the Mall. New York Times, SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ulbricht, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Matsumoto & Maller, 2004; Ulbricht, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsumoto & Maller, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Berné et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yoder et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Control
AbbreviationFood Control
ISSN (print)0956-7135
ScopeFood Science

Other styles