How to format your references using the Food Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nave, K.-A. (2010). Myelination and support of axonal integrity by glia. Nature, 468(7321), 244–252.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoon, S.-J., & Lee, Y.-W. (2002). An aligned stream of low-metallicity clusters in the halo of the Milky Way. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 578–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKee, R. A., Walker, F. J., & Chisholm, M. F. (2001). Physical structure and inversion charge at a semiconductor interface with a crystalline oxide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5529), 468–471.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Boto, E., Holmes, N., Leggett, J., Roberts, G., Shah, V., Meyer, S. S., … Brookes, M. J. (2018). Moving magnetoencephalography towards real-world applications with a wearable system. Nature, 555(7698), 657–661.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cardon, A., & Itmi, M. (2016). New Autonomous Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Abraham, A., Grosan, C., & Ishibuchi, H. (Eds.). (2007). Hybrid Evolutionary Algorithms (Vol. 75). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kleanthous, S., Christophorou, C., Tsiourti, C., Dantas, C., Wintjens, R., Samaras, G., & Christodoulou, E. (2016). Analysis of Elderly Users’ Preferences and Expectations on Service Robot’s Personality, Appearance and Interaction. In J. Zhou & G. Salvendy (Eds.), Human Aspects of IT for the Aged Population. Healthy and Active Aging: Second International Conference, ITAP 2016, Held as Part of HCI International 2016 Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17–22, 2016, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 35–44). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Control.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 7). How To Embrace Technology Without Dooming Humanity To Destruction. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Earth Resources Information Satellite System Act (No. B-181426). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dougherty, M. H. (2009). Identification of needs reported by grandparents of grandchildren, from birth to twenty-one years, with disabilities in the commonwealth of Kentucky (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J. (2017, July 14). Star-Struck. New York Times, p. BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nave, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Nave, 2010; Yoon & Lee, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yoon & Lee, 2002)
  • Three authors: (McKee, Walker, & Chisholm, 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Boto et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Control
AbbreviationFood Control
ISSN (print)0956-7135
ScopeFood Science

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