How to format your references using the Food Control citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Control. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, D. D. (2007). Physiology. Sister act. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5830), 1436–1438.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yamazaki, T., & Oda, H. (2002). Orbital influence on Earth’s magnetic field: 100,000-year periodicity in inclination. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5564), 2435–2438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wu, B., Ooi, T. L., & He, Z. J. (2004). Perceiving distance accurately by a directional process of integrating ground information. Nature, 428(6978), 73–77.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, J., Bjursell, M. K., Himrod, J., Deng, S., Carmichael, L. K., Chiang, H. C., Hooper, L. V., & Gordon, J. I. (2003). A genomic view of the human-Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron symbiosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5615), 2074–2076.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coe, J. T. (2000). Unlikely Victory: How General Electric Succeeded in the Chemical Industry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wahlster, W. (Ed.). (2013). SemProM: Foundations of Semantic Product Memories for the Internet of Things. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Dincer, I., & Joshi, A. S. (2013). Thermodynamic Analysis. In A. S. Joshi (Ed.), Solar Based Hydrogen Production Systems (pp. 73–82). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Control.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2016, June 8). Bison Fossils Suggest An Ice-Free Corridor Paved The Way For Ancient Human Migration. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). School Lunch Program: Buy American Procedures at Commodity Schools (RCED-89-218). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biller, J. T. (2012). Cyber-Terrorism: Finding a Common Starting Point [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2016, October 26). High-Tech Hospital, Same Old Story. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Moore, 2007; Yamazaki & Oda, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yamazaki & Oda, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Wu et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Control
AbbreviationFood Control
ISSN (print)0956-7135
ScopeFood Science

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