How to format your references using the The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Watanabe M. A developing theme for AIDS. Nature. 2003;426(6967):736-737.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chin L, Gray JW. Translating insights from the cancer genome into clinical practice. Nature. 2008;452(7187):553-563.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ugalde JA, Chang BSW, Matz MV. Evolution of coral pigments recreated. Science. 2004;305(5689):1433.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Um S, Fraimout A, Sapountzis P, Oh D-C, Poulsen M. The fungus-growing termite Macrotermes natalensis harbors bacillaene-producing Bacillus sp. that inhibit potentially antagonistic fungi. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3250.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Goshtasby AA. Theory and Applications of Image Registration. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Dahlhaus R, Kurths J, Maass P, Timmer J, eds. Mathematical Methods in Signal Processing and Digital Image Analysis. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Venancio RB, Oliveira LS, Ribeiro RS, Debs CL, Patrocínio AC. Actions for Implementation Program of Image Quality of Mammography. In: Jaffray DA, ed. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, June 7-12, 2015, Toronto, Canada. IFMBE Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:18-21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. Experimental Immunotherapy Treatment For Brain Cancer Hailed A Success. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/experimental-immunotherapy-treatment-brain-cancer-hailed-success/. Published December 29, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Lost in Space? Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Jaramillo MA. Morphology of ferromagnetic thin films on nanosphere templates. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hansen K. Even a Rock Star Has to Be Careful. New York Times. February 26, 2013:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
AbbreviationJ. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.
ISSN (print)0022-5223
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
Surgery

Other styles