How to format your references using the Animal Migration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Migration (AMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Towe K.M., The problematic rise of Archean oxygen, Science, 2002, 295, 1419
A journal article with 2 authors
Vyleta N.P., Jonas P., Loose coupling between Ca2+ channels and release sensors at a plastic hippocampal synapse, Science, 2014, 343, 665–670
A journal article with 3 authors
Westover K.D., Bushnell D.A., Kornberg R.D., Structural basis of transcription: separation of RNA from DNA by RNA polymerase II, Science, 2004, 303, 1014–1016
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Butts D.A., Weng C., Jin J., Yeh C.-I., Lesica N.A., Alonso J.-M., et al., Temporal precision in the neural code and the timescales of natural vision, Nature, 2007, 449, 92–95

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisen P.S., Raghuvanshi R., Emerging Epidemics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2013
An edited book
Law E.L.-C., Hvannberg E.T., Cockton G. (Eds.), Maturing Usability: Quality in Software, Interaction and Value, Springer, London, 2008
A chapter in an edited book
Henne B., Kater C., Smith M., On Usable Location Privacy for Android with Crowd-Recommendations, In: Holz, T., Ioannidis, S. (Eds.), Trust and Trustworthy Computing: 7th International Conference, TRUST 2014, Heraklion, Crete, June 30 – July 2, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014, 74–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Migration.

Blog post
Andrew E., What Is Interplanetary Dust And Can It Spread The Ingredients Of Life?, IFLScience, 2015


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airline Competition: Weak Financial Structure Threatens Competition, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dean D.O., A discrete-time multiple event process survival mixture (MEPSUM) model for investigating the order and timing of multiple non-repeatable events, Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B., For Ahkeem, New York Times, 2017, C9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Migration
ISSN (online)2084-8838

Other styles