How to format your references using the Animal Migration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Migration (AMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wentrup C., Radical chemistry. From reactive intermediates to stable compounds, Science, 2002, 295, 1846–1847
A journal article with 2 authors
Lefèvre F., Forget F., Observed variations of methane on Mars unexplained by known atmospheric chemistry and physics, Nature, 2009, 460, 720–723
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohde T., Yaginuma T., Niimi T., Insect morphological diversification through the modification of wing serial homologs, Science, 2013, 340, 495–498
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Xie X., Zhou Y., Bi H., Yin K., Wan S., Sun L., Large-range control of the microstructures and properties of three-dimensional porous graphene, Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, 2117

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu H.H., Oracle Database Performance and Scalability, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011
An edited book
Simeonov L., Chirila E. (Eds.), Chemicals as Intentional and Accidental Global Environmental Threats, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006
A chapter in an edited book
Shin H., Riaz I., Detection of Vehicles and Pedestrians, In: Kim, J., Shin, H. (Eds.), Algorithm & SoC Design for Automotive Vision Systems: For Smart Safe Driving System, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014, 107–142

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Migration.

Blog post
Hamilton K., Planet Earth II: Why More Than 200,000 Saiga Antelopes Died In Just Days, IFLScience, 2016


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Management Guidelines for Cost Accounting and Cost Control for ADP Systems Design and Development Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fetterolf-Klein S., Teacher leadership practices, supports and challenges in implementation of the common core high school math standards, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B., The Son of Joseph, New York Times, 2017, C12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Migration
ISSN (online)2084-8838

Other styles