How to format your references using the Animal Migration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Migration (AMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pillarisetty R., Academic and industry research progress in germanium nanodevices, Nature, 2011, 479, 324–328
A journal article with 2 authors
Webb J., Domanski M., Paleontology. Fire and stone, Science, 2009, 325, 820–821
A journal article with 3 authors
Saitta E.K.H., Legron-Rodriguez T., Bowdon M.A., IBI* series winner. An inquiry into the water around us, Science, 2013, 341, 971–972
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bell R.E., Studinger M., Tikku A.A., Clarke G.K.C., Gutner M.M., Meertens C., Origin and fate of Lake Vostok water frozen to the base of the East Antarctic ice sheet, Nature, 2002, 416, 307–310

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonnet P., Enterprise Data Governance, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2013
An edited book
Kirsch R. (Ed.), Groundwater Geophysics: A Tool for Hydrogeology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006
A chapter in an edited book
Ito M., Cardion.spec: An Approach to Improve the Requirements Specification Written in the Natural Language Through the Formal Method, In: Kreiner, C., O’Connor, R.V., Poth, A., Messnarz, R. (Eds.), Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 23rd European Conference, EuroSPI 2016, Graz, Austria, September 14-16, 2016, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016, 58–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Migration.

Blog post
Hamilton K., Here’s The Clever Chemistry That Can Stop Your Food Rotting, IFLScience, 2016


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Maritime Environment: Federal and State Actions, Expenditures, and Challenges to Addressing Abandoned and Derelict Vessels, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2017

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reid L.N., The Unintended Consequences of Narrowing Secondary Curriculum in Response to Low Standardized Test Scores, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K., Claude Brown’s Harlem, Still on the Mind, New York Times, 2002, 144

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Migration
ISSN (online)2084-8838

Other styles