How to format your references using the Animal Migration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Migration (AMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ryan M.J., Replication in field biology: the case of the frog-eating bat, Science, 2011, 334, 1229–1230
A journal article with 2 authors
Osteryoung K.W., Nunnari J., The division of endosymbiotic organelles, Science, 2003, 302, 1698–1704
A journal article with 3 authors
Giovannetti V., Lloyd S., Maccone L., Quantum-enhanced positioning and clock synchronization, Nature, 2001, 412, 417–419
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guo C.X., Xie J., Wang B., Zheng X., Yang H.B., Li C.M., A new class of fluorescent-dots: long luminescent lifetime bio-dots self-assembled from DNA at low temperatures, Sci. Rep., 2013, 3, 2957

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams T., Turton V., Trading Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014
An edited book
Knobloch P. (Ed.), Boundary and Interior Layers, Computational and Asymptotic Methods - BAIL 2014, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015
A chapter in an edited book
Abbott R., If a Tree Casts a Shadow Is It Telling the Time?, In: Calude, C.S., Dinneen, M.J., Păun, G., Rozenberg, G., Stepney, S. (Eds.), Unconventional Computation: 5th International Conference, UC 2006, York, UK, September 4-8, 2006. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006, 41–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Migration.

Blog post
Andrew E., New Species Of Anglerfish Discovered, IFLScience, 2015


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Improvement Program: Opportunity to Consider FAA’s Role in Meeting Airport System Needs, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Knehans A., As you like it: The road to design, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S.R., A Better Way to Fix the Border, New York Times, 2017, A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Migration
ISSN (online)2084-8838

Other styles