How to format your references using the Animal Migration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Animal Migration (AMI). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisk D., The Urban Challenge, Science, 2012, 336, 1396–1397
A journal article with 2 authors
Youk H., van Oudenaarden A., Growth landscape formed by perception and import of glucose in yeast, Nature, 2009, 462, 875–879
A journal article with 3 authors
Werner S.L., Barken D., Hoffmann A., Stimulus specificity of gene expression programs determined by temporal control of IKK activity, Science, 2005, 309, 1857–1861
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gao M., Nettles R.E., Belema M., Snyder L.B., Nguyen V.N., Fridell R.A., et al., Chemical genetics strategy identifies an HCV NS5A inhibitor with a potent clinical effect, Nature, 2010, 465, 96–100

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joseph C.L., Bernal S., Modern Devices, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016
An edited book
Dix J., Witteveen C. (Eds.), Multiagent System Technologies: 8th German Conference, MATES 2010, Leipzig, Germany, September 27-29, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010
A chapter in an edited book
Church J.M., Norms, Rules and Sustainable Planning: Who Said What About Norms, In: Mancebo, F., Sachs, I. (Eds.), Transitions to Sustainability, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015, 55–62

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Animal Migration.

Blog post
Andrew E., When Did Megalodon Disappear From The Oceans?, IFLScience, 2014


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Program To Increase Graduates From Health Professions Schools and Improve the Quality of Their Education, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tabares M., Comprehensive skills program for emancipated foster youth: A grant thesis project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kolomatsky M., Mom and Pop Own Fewer Rentals, New York Times, 2017, RE2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAnimal Migration
ISSN (online)2084-8838

Other styles