How to format your references using the Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mouillet D. Astronomy. Nearby planetary disks. Science. 2004;303:1982–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Wang Y, Pfeiffer JK. Microbiology: a backup for bacteria. Nature. 2014;516:42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Do-Monte FH, Quiñones-Laracuente K, Quirk GJ. A temporal shift in the circuits mediating retrieval of fear memory. Nature. 2015;519:460–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. de Jonge N, Lamy Y, Schoots K, Oosterkamp TH. High brightness electron beam from a multi-walled carbon nanotube. Nature. 2002;420:393–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Pruitt G. The Ultimate Algorithmic Trading System Toolbox + Website. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
1. Orellana G, Moreno-Bondi MC, editors. Frontiers in Chemical Sensors: Novel Principles and Techniques. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Amerio L. Almost-Periodic Equations in Hilbert Spaces. In: Amerio L, editor. Equazioni differenziali astratte. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 223–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Device That Shows Your Veins In Bright Green Could Make Donating Blood Easier [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/device-shows-your-veins-bright-green-could-make-donating-blood-easier/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Certification of New Airlines: Department of Transportation Has Taken Action to Improve Its Certification Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 Jan. Report No.: RCED-96-8.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Woerner LC. Complicated grief: A case study of pathological bereavement [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. Universal’s Deal for Prince’s Songwriting Rights May Bring a Wider Audience. New York Times. 2016 Nov 2;B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Geospatial Data, Software and Standards
ISSN (online)2363-7501
Scope

Other styles