How to format your references using the Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Buchenau J. Global Darwin: Multicultural mergers. Nature. 2009;462:284–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hoveyda AH, Zhugralin AR. The remarkable metal-catalysed olefin metathesis reaction. Nature. 2007;450:243–51.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ye K, Malinina L, Patel DJ. Recognition of small interfering RNA by a viral suppressor of RNA silencing. Nature. 2003;426:874–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kolber ZS, Plumley FG, Lang AS, Beatty JT, Blankenship RE, VanDover CL, et al. Contribution of aerobic photoheterotrophic bacteria to the carbon cycle in the ocean. Science. 2001;292:2492–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Derryberry DR. Basic Data Analysis for Time Series with R. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Seifert T, editor. Bioenergy from Wood: Sustainable Production in the Tropics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Abo M, Kakuda W. rTMS for Poststroke Dysphagia. In: Kakuda W, editor. Rehabilitation with rTMS. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 89–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. What The Heck Is This Weird Purple Blob Found Off The Coast Of California? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Lessons Learned for Protecting and Educating Children after the Gulf Coast Hurricanes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 May. Report No.: GAO-06-680R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Yates SL. Asian Indian women with gestational diabetes improving care for mothers and babies “Dals, Dosas and me” [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kelly C. Shore Enclave Feels The Breezes of Change. New York Times. 2006 Aug 18;F6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Geospatial Data, Software and Standards
ISSN (online)2363-7501
Scope

Other styles