How to format your references using the Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Verma I. Then and now. Nature. 2005;436:478–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Georgiou G, Masip L. Biochemistry. An overoxidation journey with a return ticket. Science. 2003;300:592–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Asphaug E, Agnor CB, Williams Q. Hit-and-run planetary collisions. Nature. 2006;439:155–60.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Shen J-X, Feng AS, Xu Z-M, Yu Z-L, Arch VS, Yu X-J, et al. Ultrasonic frogs show hyperacute phonotaxis to female courtship calls. Nature. 2008;453:914–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Tebbani S, Lopes F, Filali R, Dumur D, Pareau D. CO 2 Biofixation by Microalgae. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1. Thaler E, Kennedy DW, editors. Rhinosinusitis: A Guide for Diagnosis and Management. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Williams K. What can the Historian of Science Learn from the Historian of the Fine Arts? In: Williams K, editor. Crossroads: History of Science, History of Art: Essays by David Speiser, vol II. Basel: Springer; 2011. p. 41–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Open Geospatial Data, Software and Standards.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. SpaceX Falcon 9 Rocket Launches Successfully [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/spacex-falcon-9-rocket-launches-successfully/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. K-12 Education: Internal Controls for Program Management and Oversight Can Help Ensure the Success of School Choice Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Nov. Report No.: GAO-16-212T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Gary M. Home Range and Habitat Use of Juvenile Green Turtles in a Shallow Tidal Environment [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Whipping Up a Brew That Is True to You. New York Times. 2012 Oct 21;NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleOpen Geospatial Data, Software and Standards
ISSN (online)2363-7501
Scope

Other styles