How to format your references using the Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction (APJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D. Parasitology: Triple genome triumph. Nature 2005;436(7049):337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ueba H, Wolf M. Chemistry. Lateral hopping requires molecular rocking. Science 2005;310(5755):1774–1775.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dubi Y, Meir Y, Avishai Y. Nature of the superconductor-insulator transition in disordered superconductors. Nature 2007;449(7164):876–880.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schall P, Cohen I, Weitz DA, Spaepen F. Visualizing dislocation nucleation by indenting colloidal crystals. Nature 2006;440(7082):319–323.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Denham BE. Categorical Statistics for Communication Research. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
Ecker W, Müller W, Dömer R (eds.). Hardware-dependent Software: Principles and Practice. Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Martínez MC, Armengot L, Marquès-Bueno MM. Regulation of Polar Auxin Transport by Protein Phosphorylation. In: Chen R, Baluška F, editors. Polar Auxin Transport. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: 81–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction.

Blog post
Andrews R. What In The Name Of Thor Are These Icelandic Zig-Zags? IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Health Information Technology: HHS Has Taken Important Steps to Address Privacy Principles and Challenges, Although More Work Remains. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tajer SA. Topics in MIMO networks. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker L. In Vancouver, a New Effort to Sell Olympic Condos. New York Times. 2011;:B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Pacific Journal of Reproduction
AbbreviationAsian Pac. J. Reprod.
ISSN (print)2305-0500
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Plant Science
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles