How to format your references using the Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction (APJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alberts B. A wake-up call. Nature 2004;431(7012):1041.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhu M, Ahlberg PE. The origin of the internal nostril of tetrapods. Nature 2004;432(7013):94–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Horváth J, Szalai I, De Kepper P. An experimental design method leading to chemical Turing patterns. Science 2009;324(5928):772–775.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ruckh TT, Mehta AA, Dubach JM, Clark HA. Polymer-free optode nanosensors for dynamic, reversible, and ratiometric sodium imaging in the physiological range. Sci Rep 2013;3:3366.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allen DS. Why Plato Wrote. Blackwell Publishing Ltd.: Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Monteduro M, Buongiorno P, Di Benedetto S, Isoni A (eds.). Law and Agroecology: A Transdisciplinary Dialogue. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Lo WYW. Rethinking the Notion of Hong Kong as a Regional Education Hub: Toward a Cosmopolitan Approach to Internationalization of Higher Education. In: Cheng YC, Cheung ACK, Ng SW, editors. Internationalization of Higher Education: The Case of Hong Kong. Springer: Singapore, 2016: 63–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction.

Blog post
Luntz S. Some Of The Earth’s Original Crust Survives In Northern Canada. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Energy Research and Development Administration’s Accounting System for Accounts Receivable. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winton TW. Student and Teacher Perceptions of Standards-based Grading and Student Performance. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fales-Hill S. The Slave Trader’s Portrait. New York Times. 2016;:SR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Pacific Journal of Reproduction
AbbreviationAsian Pac. J. Reprod.
ISSN (print)2305-0500
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Plant Science
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles