How to format your references using the Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction (APJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Laughlin G. Astronomy. A dance of extrasolar planets. Science 2010;330(6000):47–48.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hayes RA, Feenstra BJ. Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting. Nature 2003;425(6956):383–385.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mietto P, Avanzini M, Rolandi G. Palaeontology: Human footprints in Pleistocene volcanic ash. Nature 2003;422(6928):133.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
D’Ambrosio V, Cardano F, Karimi E, Nagali E, Santamato E, Marrucci L, et al. Test of mutually unbiased bases for six-dimensional photonic quantum systems. Sci Rep 2013;3:2726.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Ramm AG, Hoang NS. Dynamical Systems Method and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Fujita H, Ali M, Selamat A, Sasaki J, Kurematsu M (eds.). Trends in Applied Knowledge-Based Systems and Data Science: 29th International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2016, Morioka, Japan, August 2-4, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Jochem E. Passive Houses and Buildings. In: Jochem E, editor. Improving the Efficiency of R&D and the Market Diffusion of Energy Technologies. Physica-Verlag HD: Heidelberg, 2009: 105–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. New Estimate Suggests 100 Million Planets In Our Galaxy Capable Of Sustaining Complex Life. IFLScience. 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/space/new-estimate-suggests-100-million-planets-our-capable-sustaining-complex-life/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Technology Modernization Needs Improved Planning and Performance Measures. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ji JH. Near-field characteristics of wall jets with tabs. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hodara S. At 100, a Movement Still Astonishes and Provokes. New York Times. 2016;:CT10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Pacific Journal of Reproduction
AbbreviationAsian Pac. J. Reprod.
ISSN (print)2305-0500
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Plant Science
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine
General Veterinary

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