How to format your references using the Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction (APJR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Corbyn Z. Research: Biology’s big hit. Nature 2015;528(7580):S4-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Weiss BP, Tikoo SM. The lunar dynamo. Science 2014;346(6214):1246753.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kanai T, Minemoto S, Sakai H. Quantum interference during high-order harmonic generation from aligned molecules. Nature 2005;435(7041):470–474.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Dietrich LEP, Teal TK, Price-Whelan A, Newman DK. Redox-active antibiotics control gene expression and community behavior in divergent bacteria. Science 2008;321(5893):1203–1206.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Çayirci E, Rong C. Security in Wireless Ad Hoc and Sensor Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2009.
An edited book
[1]
Bossong R, Carrapico H (eds.). EU Borders and Shifting Internal Security: Technology, Externalization and Accountability. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Aronson T, Hogan A, O’Brien W, Rosenblatt R, Schwartz L, Simon M, et al. Achieving Best Execution Through Market Structure Development. In: Schwartz RA, Byrne JA, Colaninno A, editors. Electronic vs. Floor Based Trading. Springer US: Boston, MA, 2006: 49–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Asian Pacific Journal of Reproduction.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Extremely Long Solar Filament Creates a Big Frown on the Sun. IFLScience. 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/space/extremely-long-solar-filament-creates-big-frown-sun/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Barriers to Competition in the Airline Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kolasa A. Essays on Firm Behavior in Developing Countries. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kenigsberg B. Hounds of Love. New York Times. 2017;:C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAsian Pacific Journal of Reproduction
AbbreviationAsian Pac. J. Reprod.
ISSN (print)2305-0500
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Plant Science
Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles