How to format your references using the The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Goldberg, D.E.: Parasitology. When the host is smarter than the parasite. Science. 296, 482–483 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Clandinin, T.R., Giocomo, L.M.: Neuroscience: Internal compass puts flies in their place. Nature. 521, 165–166 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Semmann, D., Krambeck, H.-J., Milinski, M.: Volunteering leads to rock-paper-scissors dynamics in a public goods game. Nature. 425, 390–393 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Rossi, D.J., Bryder, D., Seita, J., Nussenzweig, A., Hoeijmakers, J., Weissman, I.L.: Deficiencies in DNA damage repair limit the function of haematopoietic stem cells with age. Nature. 447, 725–729 (2007)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Piegorsch, W.W., Bailer, A.J.: Analyzing Environmental Data. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
1.
Ward, A.C. ed: STAT Inhibitors in Cancer. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Malik, S.: Runtime Verification: A Computer Architecture Perspective. In: Khurshid, S. and Sen, K. (eds.) Runtime Verification: Second International Conference, RV 2011, San Francisco, CA, USA, September 27-30, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. pp. 49–62. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Luntz, S.: Arctic Warming May Capture More Methane Than It Releases, https://www.iflscience.com/environment/arctic-warming-may-capture-more-methane-it-releases/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Personnel Security: Pass and Security Clearance Data for the Executive Office of the President. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bryant, M.G.: The Development of the Massive Open Online Course Virtual Learning Environment Scale (MVLE) and Model to Measure Satisfaction of MOOC Online Learning Courses in Higher Education: A Mixed Methods Study, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Chapman, M.M.: Profit Surges for Ford, Propelled by F-150 Sales, (2015)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Astronautical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Astronaut. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-9142
ISSN (online)2195-0571
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Aerospace Engineering

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