How to format your references using the The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alward, W.L.M.: Biomedicine. A new angle on ocular development. Science. 299, 1527–1528 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Tan, S., Lü, J.: Characterizing the effect of population heterogeneity on evolutionary dynamics on complex networks. Sci. Rep. 4, 5034 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bhowmick, N.A., Neilson, E.G., Moses, H.L.: Stromal fibroblasts in cancer initiation and progression. Nature. 432, 332–337 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hong, Y., Stronach, B., Perrimon, N., Jan, L.Y., Jan, Y.N.: Drosophila Stardust interacts with Crumbs to control polarity of epithelia but not neuroblasts. Nature. 414, 634–638 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, H.H.: Oracle Database Performance and Scalability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011)
An edited book
Singh, M., Bisht, I.S., Dutta, M. eds: Broadening the Genetic Base of Grain Legumes. Springer India, New Delhi (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Li, Y.: Convex Geometry on Partially Ordered Sets. In: Xie, A. and Huang, X. (eds.) Advances in Electrical Engineering and Automation. pp. 27–31. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Harbor Porpoises Must Eat All The Time To Live


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Acquisitions: DOD Is Overcoming Long-Standing Problems, but Faces Challenges to Ensuring Its Investments Are Optimized. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tourijigian, L.: Fiscal Changes at Dunbar Elementary, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: Film Series, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Astronautical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Astronaut. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-9142
ISSN (online)2195-0571
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Aerospace Engineering

Other styles