How to format your references using the The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Omelon, S.: Graduate journal: from biochemist to engineer. Nature. 427, 180 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Ringler, P., Schulz, G.E.: Self-assembly of proteins into designed networks. Science. 302, 106–109 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hwang, J., Timusk, T., Carbotte, J.P.: Scanning-tunnelling spectra of cuprates. Nature. 446, E3-4 (2007)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schön, J.H., Dodabalapur, A., Bao, Z., Kloc, C., Schenker, O., Batlogg, B.: Gate-induced superconductivity in a solution-processed organic polymer film. Nature. 410, 189–192 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGee, G.: Bioethics for beginners. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK (2012)
An edited book
Gulati, K.: Hardware Acceleration of EDA Algorithms: Custom ICs, FPGAs and GPUs. Springer US, Boston, MA (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
McCarthy, S., Miheljak, V., Petrović, N., Polič, M., Tsatsaroni, C., Kulakoglu, N.P., Medvedeva, A., Yalcinkaya, A., O’Neil, S., Stern, E.: Definitions of War, Terrorism, and Torture in the Balkan Peninsula and Russia. In: Malley-Morrison, K., McCarthy, S., and Hines, D. (eds.) International Handbook of War, Torture, and Terrorism. pp. 49–61. Springer, New York, NY (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J.: Woman In The US Dies After Infection From Bacteria Resistant To 26 Antibiotic Drugs,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: FDA’s Activities Involving Sanitary Conditions at Food Shortage Warehouses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1974)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponti, C.M.: The musical representation of Asian characters in the musicals of Richard Rodgers, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J.: Simple Signal Sets Off Complex Frog Journey, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Astronautical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Astronaut. Sci.
ISSN (print)0021-9142
ISSN (online)2195-0571
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Aerospace Engineering

Other styles