How to format your references using the Targeted Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Targeted Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Stewart CN Jr. Songwriting and science. Science. 2015;349:446.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Liu Q, Paroo Z. Molecular biology. Dicer’s cut and switch. Science. 2010;328:314–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Mehta MR, Lee AK, Wilson MA. Role of experience and oscillations in transforming a rate code into a temporal code. Nature. 2002;417:741–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kuo W-J, Sjöström T, Chen Y-P, Wang Y-H, Huang C-Y. Intuition and deliberation: two systems for strategizing in the brain. Science. 2009;324:519–22.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Aubry J-F, Brînzei N. Systems Dependability Assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. Barberousse A, Morange M, Pradeu T, editors. Mapping the Future of Biology: Evolving Concepts and Theories. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rodríguez-Sánchez AJ, Piater J. Models of the Visual Cortex for Object Representation: Learning and Wired Approaches. In: Grandinetti L, Lippert T, Petkov N, editors. Brain-Inspired Computing: International Workshop, BrainComp 2013, Cetraro, Italy, July 8-11, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Targeted Oncology.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Skeletons From 400-Year-Old Gravesite Identified As Jamestown Leaders. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: TSA Could Strengthen Oversight of Allegations of Employee Misconduct. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Jul. Report No.: GAO-13-756T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Spisak GM. Particulation [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. How Did It Feel to Be on Their Own? New York Times. 2017 Oct 27;AR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTargeted Oncology
AbbreviationTarget. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1776-2596
ISSN (online)1776-260X
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles