How to format your references using the Targeted Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Targeted Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ledford H. Liquid fuel synthesis: making it up as you go along. Nature. 2006;444:677–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gebbers R, Adamchuk VI. Precision agriculture and food security. Science. 2010;327:828–31.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ebel C, Mariconti L, Gruissem W. Plant retinoblastoma homologues control nuclear proliferation in the female gametophyte. Nature. 2004;429:776–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sutton MA, Schmidt EF, Choi K-H, Schad CA, Whisler K, Simmons D, et al. Extinction-induced upregulation in AMPA receptors reduces cocaine-seeking behaviour. Nature. 2003;421:70–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Reeder L. Guide to Green Building Rating Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Iuchi S, Kuldell N, editors. Zinc Finger Proteins: From Atomic Contact to Cellular Function. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zhang Z, Li T, Yuan F, Yin L. Synthesis of Linear Antenna Array Using Genetic Algorithm to Control Side Lobe Level. In: Wong WE, Zhu T, editors. Computer Engineering and Networking: Proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Network (CENet2013). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 39–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Targeted Oncology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Scientists Call For A Ban On Microbeads. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. SSI Disability Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995 May. Report No.: HEHS-95-154R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Mills Campbell D. Exploratory Inquiry: Fundraising at Historically Black Colleges and Universities to Reduce Resource Dependence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. I’m a Lumber Jack (Omelet, That Is). New York Times. 2007 Apr 22;NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTargeted Oncology
AbbreviationTarget. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1776-2596
ISSN (online)1776-260X
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles