How to format your references using the Targeted Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Targeted Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Mészáros P. Gamma-Ray bursts: accumulating afterglow implications, progenitor clues, and prospects. Science. 2001;291:79–84.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Montgomery DR, Manga M. Streamflow and water well responses to earthquakes. Science. 2003;300:2047–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Childers SE, Ciufo S, Lovley DR. Geobacter metallireducens accesses insoluble Fe(III) oxide by chemotaxis. Nature. 2002;416:767–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Chandra V, Huang P, Hamuro Y, Raghuram S, Wang Y, Burris TP, et al. Structure of the intact PPAR-gamma-RXR- nuclear receptor complex on DNA. Nature. 2008;456:350–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. “MAX” Maxfield C, Brown A. The Definitive Guide to How Computers Do Math. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Radu R, Chenou J-M, Weber RH, editors. The Evolution of Global Internet Governance: Principles and Policies in the Making. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Mennella JA. Alcohol Use During Lactation: Effects on the Mother-Infant Dyad. In: Watson RR, Preedy VR, Zibadi S, editors. Alcohol, Nutrition, and Health Consequences. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2013. p. 63–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Targeted Oncology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. The Martian Review: Science Fiction That Respects Science Fact. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Provisions of S. 821, a Bill To Provide for Authorization of Appropriations for the Federal Communications Commission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 May. Report No.: 115070.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Dusso AP. The psychology of institutional development: How parties’ willingness to accept risk affects the districts they draw and the seats they win [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Ortved J. Trading a T Square for Showbiz. New York Times. 2016 Aug 4;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTargeted Oncology
AbbreviationTarget. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1776-2596
ISSN (online)1776-260X
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology
Pharmacology (medical)

Other styles