How to format your references using the Targeted Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Targeted Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Blatt R. Delicate information. Nature. 2001;412:773.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Xia Y, Gong J-P. Impact of recombinant globular adiponectin on early warm ischemia-reperfusion injury in rat bile duct after liver transplantation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6426.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Achlioptas D, D’Souza RM, Spencer J. Explosive percolation in random networks. Science. 2009;323:1453–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Janssen BJC, Huizinga EG, Raaijmakers HCA, Roos A, Daha MR, Nilsson-Ekdahl K, et al. Structures of complement component C3 provide insights into the function and evolution of immunity. Nature. 2005;437:505–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Institute of Management and Administration (IOMA). Cost Reduction and Control Best Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1. Cova TJ, Miller HJ, Beard K, Frank AU, Goodchild MF, editors. Geographic Information Science: 5th International Conference, GIScience 2008, Park City, UT, USA, September 23-26, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Gaudioso V. Timed Storyboards: Creating a Newton Cradle Application. In: Brown T, Renow-Clarke B, Collins C, Andres C, Anglin S, Beckner M, et al., editors. Foundation Expression Blend 4 with Silverlight. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010. p. 95–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Targeted Oncology.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Sibling Rivalry Is A Weighty Issue For Meerkats [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sibling-rivalry-weighty-issue-meerkats/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Protest Against NASA Contract for Janitorial Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973 Jul. Report No.: B-178747.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Schulz JL. Factors Affecting Prey Availability and Habitat Usage of Wintering Piping Plovers (Charadrius melodus) in Coastal Louisiana [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Dinardo K. What Tim Cope Learned from the Nomads. New York Times. 2015 Aug 9;TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleTargeted Oncology
AbbreviationTarget. Oncol.
ISSN (print)1776-2596
ISSN (online)1776-260X
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology
Pharmacology (medical)

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