How to format your references using the Life Sciences, Society and Policy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Life Sciences, Society and Policy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Südhof TC. Reproducibility: Experimental mismatch in neural circuits. Nature. 2015 Dec 17;528(7582):338–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lockhart DJ, Winzeler EA. Genomics, gene expression and DNA arrays. Nature. 2000 Jun 15;405(6788):827–36.
A journal article with 3 authors
Strick TR, Croquette V, Bensimon D. Single-molecule analysis of DNA uncoiling by a type II topoisomerase. Nature. 2000 Apr 20;404(6780):901–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Guerlin C, Bernu J, Deléglise S, Sayrin C, Gleyzes S, Kuhr S, et al. Progressive field-state collapse and quantum non-demolition photon counting. Nature. 2007 Aug 23;448(7156):889–93.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Equipment Testing Procedures Committee. Positive Displacement Pumps. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Yamaguchi Y, editor. Immunotherapy of Cancer: An Innovative Treatment Comes of Age. 1st ed. 2016. Tokyo: Springer Japan; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Neupane K, Steinwandt R. Communication-Efficient 2-Round Group Key Establishment from Pairings. In: Kiayias A, editor. Topics in Cryptology – CT-RSA 2011: The Cryptographers’ Track at the RSA Conference 2011, San Francisco, CA, USA, February 14-18, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Life Sciences, Society and Policy.

Blog post
Luntz S. Neanderthal Immunity Genes Helped Us Conquer The Planet [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/neanderthal-immunity-genes-helped-us-conquer-the-planet/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013 Apr. Report No.: GAO-13-276SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Comorau N. Postcolonial refashionings: Reading forms, reading novels [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. Suffolk Schools to Say Goodbye to DARE. New York Times. 2007 Nov 25;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Südhof 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lockhart and Winzeler 2000; Südhof 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lockhart and Winzeler 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Guerlin et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleLife Sciences, Society and Policy
AbbreviationLife Sci. Soc. Policy
ISSN (online)2195-7819
Scope

Other styles