How to format your references using the The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rogers, J. A. (2013). “Materials science A clear advance in soft actuators,” Science, 341, 968–969.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paerl, H. W., and Huisman, J. (2008). “Climate Blooms like it hot,” Science, 320, 57–58.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mayberry, R. I., Lock, E., and Kazmi, H. (2002). “Linguistic ability and early language exposure,” Nature, 417, 38.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Petricevic, L., Kaufmann, U., Domig, K. J., Kraler, M., Marschalek, J., Kneifel, W., and Kiss, H. (2014). “Molecular detection of Lactobacillus species in the neovagina of male-to-female transsexual women,” Sci. Rep., 4, 3746.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan, T. P. (2007). Modern Engineering Statistics, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
de Leon, J. (Ed.) (2012). A Practitioner’s Guide to Prescribing Antiepileptics and Mood Stabilizers for Adults with Intellectual Disabilities, Springer US, Boston, MA, XXXI, 507 p pages.
A chapter in an edited book
Page, D., and Smart, N. (2014). “How Long Is a Piece of String?,” In N. Smart (Ed.), What Is Computer Science?: An Information Security Perspective, Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 77–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). More Than 32 Million Twitter Passwords May Have Been Hacked And Offered For Sale On The Dark Web, IFLScience, Available:, (date last viewed: 30-Oct-18). Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984). High-Quality Senior Marine Corps Officers: How Many Stay Beyond 20 Years of Service? ( No. PEMD-85-1), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mosher, L. (2008). The relationship between Christian literature and executive leader performance (Doctoral dissertation), University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2017, August 28). “Captain America Will Fight Evil Again,” New York Times,.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rogers, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Paerl and Huisman, 2008; Rogers, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Paerl and Huisman, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Petricevic et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
AbbreviationJ. Acoust. Soc. Am.
ISSN (print)0001-4966
ISSN (online)1520-8524
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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