How to format your references using the The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Strobl, M. (2014). “General solution for quantitative dark-field contrast imaging with grating interferometers,” Sci. Rep., 4, 7243.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bramble, D. M., and Lieberman, D. E. (2004). “Endurance running and the evolution of Homo,” Nature, 432, 345–352.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeffery, W. R., Strickler, A. G., and Yamamoto, Y. (2004). “Migratory neural crest-like cells form body pigmentation in a urochordate embryo,” Nature, 431, 696–699.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zürner, A., Kirstein, J., Döblinger, M., Bräuchle, C., and Bein, T. (2007). “Visualizing single-molecule diffusion in mesoporous materials,” Nature, 450, 705–708.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eden, A. H. (2011). Codecharts, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Snelder, D. J., and Lasco, R. D. (Eds.) (2008). Smallholder Tree Growing for Rural Development and Environmental Services: Lessons from Asia, Advances in Agroforestry, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, Vol. 5, XXIV, 494 p pages.
A chapter in an edited book
Trevisanut, A. M. (2016). “Re-membering, (Re-) appropriation, and Polyphony: SBS Independent and White Australian Memory,” In P. D. Marshall, G. D’Cruz, S. McDonald, and K. Lee (Eds.), Contemporary Publics: Shifting Boundaries in New Media, Technology and Culture, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, pp. 43–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). New Data Shows Sexual Boundaries Are Changing – But What Do We Really Know?, IFLScience, Available:, (date last viewed: 30-Oct-18). Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Special Education: Improved Timeliness and Better Use of Enforcement Actions Could Strengthen Education’s Monitoring System ( No. GAO-04-879), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Porter, J. (2010). Closing the classroom door: Denying the political, embracing the moral (Doctoral dissertation), University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2012). “Far From London, Seeing the Big Picture,” New York Times,.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Strobl, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Bramble and Lieberman, 2004; Strobl, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bramble and Lieberman, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zürner et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
AbbreviationJ. Acoust. Soc. Am.
ISSN (print)0001-4966
ISSN (online)1520-8524
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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