How to format your references using the The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, J. P. (2002). “AIDS vaccines: on the trail of two trials,” Nature, 415, 365–366.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sobel, H. W., and Suzuki, Y. (2008). “Obituary: Yoji Totsuka (1942-2008),” Nature, 454, 954.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mace, G. M., Gittleman, J. L., and Purvis, A. (2003). “Preserving the tree of life,” Science, 300, 1707–1709.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sun, Y., Wang, J., Zhao, W., Tian, M., Singh, M., and Chan, M. H. W. (2013). “Voltage-current properties of superconducting amorphous tungsten nanostrips,” Sci. Rep., 3, 2307.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bitam, S., and Mellouk, A. (2014). Bio-Inspired Routing Protocols for Vehicular Ad Hoc Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Agarwal, R. P. (2016). Hardy Type Inequalities on Time Scales, (D. O’Regan and S. H. Saker, Eds.) Springer International Publishing, Cham, X, 305 p pages.
A chapter in an edited book
Benirschke, K., Burton, G. J., and Baergen, R. N. (2012). “Placental Types,” In G. J. Burton and R. N. Baergen (Eds.), Pathology of the Human Placenta, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 27–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017). Climate Change And Poverty Are As Much Of A Threat As Terrorism For Many Young People, IFLScience,. Retrieved October 30, 2018,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Mass Transit: Bus Rapid Transit Shows Promise ( No. GAO-01-984), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Smith, A. P. (2013). The Leadership Potential of School Librarians (Doctoral dissertation), George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by (2005). “Arts, Briefly; Russian Art Sets Records in London,” New York Times,.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Moore, 2002; Sobel and Suzuki, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sobel and Suzuki, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
AbbreviationJ. Acoust. Soc. Am.
ISSN (print)0001-4966
ISSN (online)1520-8524
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

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