How to format your references using the The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McFiggans, G. (2005). “Atmospheric science: marine aerosols and iodine emissions,” Nature, 433, E13; discussion E13-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dohoney, K. M., and Gelles, J. (2001). “Chi-sequence recognition and DNA translocation by single RecBCD helicase/nuclease molecules,” Nature, 409, 370–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grigoryan, G., Reinke, A. W., and Keating, A. E. (2009). “Design of protein-interaction specificity gives selective bZIP-binding peptides,” Nature, 458, 859–864.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Regal, C. A., Ticknor, C., Bohn, J. L., and Jin, D. S. (2003). “Creation of ultracold molecules from a Fermi gas of atoms,” Nature, 424, 47–50.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pavlović, T., Alvarez, I., Blanco-Cano, R., Grisales, A., Osorio, A., and Sánchez, A. (2008). 100 Years of Spanish Cinema, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Goodwin, G. C. (2005). Constrained Control and Estimation: An Optimisation Approach, (J. A. D. Doná and M. M. Seron, Eds.) Communications and Control Engineering, Springer, London, XVIII, 411 p. 109 illus pages.
A chapter in an edited book
Cutolo, F., Carbone, M., Parchi, P. D., Ferrari, V., Lisanti, M., and Ferrari, M. (2016). “Application of a New Wearable Augmented Reality Video See-Through Display to Aid Percutaneous Procedures in Spine Surgery,” In L. T. De Paolis and A. Mongelli (Eds.), Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality, and Computer Graphics: Third International Conference, AVR 2016, Lecce, Italy, June 15-18, 2016. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Frances Kelsey, Doctor Who Saved The U.S. From Thalidomide, Dies At 101, IFLScience, Available:, (date last viewed: 30-Oct-18). Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Health Information Technology: HHS Has Taken Important Steps to Address Privacy Principles and Challenges, Although More Work Remains ( No. GAO-08-1138), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano, E. A. (2012). Hindemith’s Sonata for Viola, ope 11, no.4 A compositional and historical perspective (Doctoral dissertation), California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017). “In Comeback From Injury, Stephens Falls Short Against Another American,” New York Times,.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McFiggans, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Dohoney and Gelles, 2001; McFiggans, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dohoney and Gelles, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Regal et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
AbbreviationJ. Acoust. Soc. Am.
ISSN (print)0001-4966
ISSN (online)1520-8524
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Other styles