How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ambros V (2004) The functions of animal microRNAs. Nature 431:350–355
A journal article with 2 authors
Rey G, Reddy AB (2013) Physiology. Rhythmic respiration. Science 342:570–571
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang F, Chen X, Vitousek P (2013) Chinese agriculture: An experiment for the world. Nature 497:33–35
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang Y-Q, Jiang R, Kolomeisky AB, Hu M-B (2014) Bulk induced phase transition in driven diffusive systems. Sci Rep 4:5459

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vagelli AA (2011) The Banggai Cardinalfish. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Davis B, Kaljurand K, Kuhn T (eds) (2014) Controlled Natural Language: 4th International Workshop, CNL 2014, Galway, Ireland, August 20-22, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Sarkar IN (2015) Mining the Bibliome. In: Payne PRO, Embi PJ (eds) Translational Informatics: Realizing the Promise of Knowledge-Driven Healthcare. Springer, London, pp 75–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence Review.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) The Internet Has Found A Buddha Statue On Mars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Federal Motor Carrier Safety: Modifying the Compliance, Safety, Accountability Program Would Improve the Ability to Identify High Risk Carriers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Webber NT (2012) Peptide ion conformation studies and the 157 nm photofragmentation of arginine containing dipeptides. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M (2010) Dress Like a Benefactor. New York Times E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ambros 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ambros 2004; Rey and Reddy 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rey and Reddy 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence Review
AbbreviationArtif. Intell. Rev.
ISSN (print)0269-2821
ISSN (online)1573-7462
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

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