How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunt ML (2013) Applied physics. Robotic walking in the real world. Science 339:1389–1390
A journal article with 2 authors
Roll-Mecak A, Vale RD (2008) Structural basis of microtubule severing by the hereditary spastic paraplegia protein spastin. Nature 451:363–367
A journal article with 3 authors
Goscé L, Barton DAW, Johansson A (2014) Analytical modelling of the spread of disease in confined and crowded spaces. Sci Rep 4:4856
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wang W, Black SS, Edwards MD, et al (2008) The structure of an open form of an E. coli mechanosensitive channel at 3.45 A resolution. Science 321:1179–1183

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sabol S (2016) Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Rosenberg E, Gophna U (eds) (2011) Beneficial Microorganisms in Multicellular Life Forms. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kirk W, Shahzad N (2014) Hyperconvex Metric Spaces. In: Shahzad N (ed) Fixed Point Theory in Distance Spaces. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 23–24

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence Review.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Robot Law: What Happens if Intelligent Machines Commit Crimes? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003) Transportation Security Research: Coordination Needed in Selecting and Implementing Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Julian A (2017) Guided Autobiography Themes for Older Adult United States War Veterans. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly S (1995) Mighty Joe Mishbooker. New York Times 724

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunt 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Roll-Mecak and Vale 2008; Hunt 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roll-Mecak and Vale 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence Review
AbbreviationArtif. Intell. Rev.
ISSN (print)0269-2821
ISSN (online)1573-7462
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

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