How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lyons TW (2008) Ocean science. Ironing out ocean chemistry at the dawn of animal life. Science 321:923–924
A journal article with 2 authors
Nicholson JM, Ioannidis JPA (2012) Research grants: Conform and be funded. Nature 492:34–36
A journal article with 3 authors
Stevens RC, Yokoyama S, Wilson IA (2001) Global efforts in structural genomics. Science 294:89–92
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lee Y-J, Kim D, Lee K, Chun J-Y (2014) Single-channel multiplexing without melting curve analysis in real-time PCR. Sci Rep 4:7439

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kumar V (2006) Mobile Database Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Maynard AE (2005) Learning in Cultural Context: Family, Peers, and School. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
Pickering R, Eason K (2016) Object-Oriented Programming. In: Eason K (ed) Beginning F# 4.0. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 93–124

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence Review.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Cheap, Efficient Electrodes Open Path For Hydrogen Fuel. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Several Challenges Could Arise in Administering a Subsidy Program for DTV Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zimmerman TF (2010) A descriptive review of the development and implementation of a funding model for the Kentucky Community and Technical College System: The first 10 years, 1998–2008. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A, Taylor K (2013) After an Introduction by de Blasio, a Brooklyn Hospital Hired His Wife. New York Times A24

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lyons 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lyons 2008; Nicholson and Ioannidis 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nicholson and Ioannidis 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence Review
AbbreviationArtif. Intell. Rev.
ISSN (print)0269-2821
ISSN (online)1573-7462
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

Other styles