How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tawfik DS (2006) Biochemistry. Loop grafting and the origins of enzyme species. Science 311:475–476
A journal article with 2 authors
Bitz CM, Fu Q (2008) Arctic warming aloft is data set dependent. Nature 455:E3-4; discussion E4-5
A journal article with 3 authors
Cheng L, Hong W, Hao Z-C (2014) Generation of electromagnetic waves with arbitrary orbital angular momentum modes. Sci Rep 4:4814
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Aung L-H-H, Yin R-X, Wu J-Z, et al (2014) Association between the MLX interacting protein-like, BUD13 homolog and zinc finger protein 259 gene polymorphisms and serum lipid levels. Sci Rep 4:5565

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garrison DR, Vaughan ND (2007) Blended Learning in Higher Education. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA
An edited book
Mark D (2015) More iPhone Development with Swift: Exploring the iOS SDK. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
White MA, Stein RJ (2013) LESS: Ports and Instrumentation. In: Rane A, Cadeddu JA, Desai MM, Gill IS (eds) Scar-Less Surgery: NOTES, Transumbilical, and Others. Springer, London, pp 37–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence Review.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) First Complete Mapping Of Human Proteome Discovers 193 New Proteins. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Commercial Aviation: Preliminary Observations on Legacy Airlines’ Financial Condition, Bankruptcy, and Pension Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grant L (2013) How Does a Principal Use Intention and Strategy in the Enactment of Advocacy Leadership? Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Gathering in the Boss’s Office, This Time to Honor Him. New York Times B17

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tawfik 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Tawfik 2006; Bitz and Fu 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bitz and Fu 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Aung et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence Review
AbbreviationArtif. Intell. Rev.
ISSN (print)0269-2821
ISSN (online)1573-7462
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

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