How to format your references using the Artificial Intelligence Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Artificial Intelligence Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benson O (2011) Assembly of hybrid photonic architectures from nanophotonic constituents. Nature 480:193–199
A journal article with 2 authors
Scotland RW, Sanderson MJ (2004) The significance of few versus many in the tree of life. Science 303:643
A journal article with 3 authors
Parkin SSP, Hayashi M, Thomas L (2008) Magnetic domain-wall racetrack memory. Science 320:190–194
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Meyer JC, Girit CO, Crommie MF, Zettl A (2008) Imaging and dynamics of light atoms and molecules on graphene. Nature 454:319–322

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pischella M, Le Ruyet D (2015) Digital Communications 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Parkin G (ed) (2010) Metal-Metal Bonding. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Ejnisman B, Terra BB, Costantini A (2015) Coracoid Process. In: Bain GI, Itoi E, Di Giacomo G, Sugaya H (eds) Normal and Pathological Anatomy of the Shoulder. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Artificial Intelligence Review.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) New Frog Sex Position Observed In India. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Query Regarding Department of Education Regulations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arguello IM (2010) Circle of Sisters summer program: A grant-writing project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2012) Picking Up Tennis Balls, and Attention. New York Times B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benson 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Scotland and Sanderson 2004; Benson 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Scotland and Sanderson 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Meyer et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleArtificial Intelligence Review
AbbreviationArtif. Intell. Rev.
ISSN (print)0269-2821
ISSN (online)1573-7462
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Artificial Intelligence
Linguistics and Language

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