How to format your references using the Emerging Infectious Diseases citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Emerging Infectious Diseases. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Steig EJ. Paleoclimate. No two latitudes alike. Science. 2001 Sep 14;293(5537):2015–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Chiu C, Weliky M. Neuroscience. Synaptic modification by vision. Science. 2003 Jun 20;300(5627):1890–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gullison RE, Rice RE, Blundell AG. “Marketing” species conservation. Nature. 2000 Apr 27;404(6781):923–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhou J, Zhang H, Meng H, Zhu Y, Bao G, Zhang Y, et al. Discovery of a super-strong promoter enables efficient production of heterologous proteins in cyanobacteria. Sci Rep. 2014 Mar 28;4:4500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sabol S. Case Studies in Mechanical Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Malferrari G. Neurosonological Evaluation of Cerebral Venous Outflow: An Ultrasound Atlas. Zedde M, Prati P, editors. Milano: Springer; 2014. IX, 139 p. 162 illus., 156 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kemper C, Oxley I. The Benefits of Version Control. In: Oxley I, editor. Foundation Version Control for Web Developers. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2012. p. 75–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Emerging Infectious Diseases.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Deadly Boomslang Snake Venom Makes You Bleed From All Of Your Orifices Until You Die [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/deadly-boomslang-snake-venom-makes-you-bleed-all-your-orifices-until-you-die/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Leo Herbert, GAO, 1956-1974. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Dec. Report No.: OP-7-OH.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Younis KM. The impact of moral values on ethical practices in environmental management [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Bilefsky D. Royal Retirement at 95 Halts Frenzied Rumors. New York Times. 2017 May 4;A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEmerging Infectious Diseases
AbbreviationEmerg. Infect. Dis.
ISSN (print)1080-6040
ISSN (online)1080-6059
ScopeEpidemiology
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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