How to format your references using the The Journal of Technology Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Technology Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White, J. W. C. (2004). Paleoclimate. Do I hear a million? Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5677), 1609–1610.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, P. M., & Ollason, J. C. (2001). Lagged effects of ocean climate change on fulmar population dynamics. Nature, 413(6854), 417–420.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rich, P. D., Liaw, H.-P., & Lee, A. K. (2014). Place cells. Large environments reveal the statistical structure governing hippocampal representations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6198), 814–817.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Redman, R. S., Sheehan, K. B., Stout, R. G., Rodriguez, R. J., & Henson, J. M. (2002). Thermotolerance generated by plant/fungal symbiosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5598), 1581.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laursen, G. H. N., & Thorlund, J. (2016). Business Analytics for Managers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Betten, A. (2006). Error-Correcting Linear Codes: Classification by Isometry and Applications. (M. Braun, H. Fripertinger, A. Kerber, A. Kohnert, & A. Wassermann, Eds.) (Vol. 18). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rabinovich, V., & Alexandrov, N. (2013). Base Station Array Examples for Communication with Vehicles. In N. Alexandrov (Ed.), Antenna Arrays and Automotive Applications (pp. 117–138). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Technology Transfer.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, September 13). “Smart Sex Toy” Company Accused Of Collecting Intimate Data. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Need for Full Cost Reporting and Participating Agreement on SEASAT-A Project (No. PSAD-78-76). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gonzalez, S. N. (2010). Analysis of the impact of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act on California’s children: A report card on the CalWORKs program (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2017, January 5). What the Chief Justice Should Have Said. New York Times, p. SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson and Ollason 2001; White 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Ollason 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Redman et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Technology Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Technol. Transf.
ISSN (print)0892-9912
ISSN (online)1573-7047
Business and International Management
General Engineering

Other styles