How to format your references using the The Journal of Technology Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Technology Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lea, D. W. (2015). Palaeoclimate: Climate sensitivity in a warmer world. Nature, 518(7537), 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cheng, C. L., & Novales Flamarique, I. (2004). Opsin expression: new mechanism for modulating colour vision. Nature, 428(6980), 279.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bourne, P. E., Lorsch, J. R., & Green, E. D. (2015). Perspective: Sustaining the big-data ecosystem. Nature, 527(7576), S16-7.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Anandakrishnan, S., Catania, G. A., Alley, R. B., & Horgan, H. J. (2007). Discovery of till deposition at the grounding line of Whillans Ice Stream. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5820), 1835–1838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lacalle, D. (2014). Life in the Financial Markets. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Korogodina, V. L., Mothersill, C. E., Inge-Vechtomov, S. G., & Seymour, C. B. (Eds.). (2016). Genetics, Evolution and Radiation: Crossing Borders, The Interdisciplinary Legacy of Nikolay W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sigl, G. (2011). Interdisciplinary Aspects of High-Energy Astrophysics. In J.-P. Lasota (Ed.), Astronomy at the Frontiers of Science (pp. 69–85). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Technology Transfer.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, September 8). Dark Matter May Have Punched Huge Holes In A Stream Of Stars. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1970). Improved Accounting Control Over Equipment at the Kennedy Space Center (No. B-169658). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hankins, S. (2010). A policy analysis of the Americans with Disability Act of 1990 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2014, January 14). A Dominating Display at 14. New York Times, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lea 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cheng and Novales Flamarique 2004; Lea 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cheng and Novales Flamarique 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Anandakrishnan et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Technology Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Technol. Transf.
ISSN (print)0892-9912
ISSN (online)1573-7047
Business and International Management
General Engineering

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