How to format your references using the The Journal of Technology Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Technology Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Irion, R. (2000). ASTROPHYSICS: Astronomers Spot Their First Carbon Bomb. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5495), 1279.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cole, S. T., & Alzari, P. M. (2005). Microbiology. TB--a new target, a new drug. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5707), 214–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak, M. A., Tarnita, C. E., & Wilson, E. O. (2010). The evolution of eusociality. Nature, 466(7310), 1057–1062.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Augier, E., Barbier, E., Dulman, R. S., Licheri, V., Augier, G., Domi, E., et al. (2018). A molecular mechanism for choosing alcohol over an alternative reward. Science (New York, N.Y.), 360(6395), 1321–1326.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benslama, M., Batatia, H., & Messai, A. (2016). Transitions from Digital Communications to Quantum Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, L. K., & Yang, C. T. (Eds.). (2014). Modern Water Resources Engineering (Vol. 15). Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Ohmori, T., Hosaka, T., Kanome, T., Inoue, F., Ando, K., Hirose, T., et al. (2009). A Molecular Mechanism of Diminished Binding Activity between 15 bp Deletion Mutant EGFR and c-Cbl Ubiquitin Ligase. In T. Tachikawa, K. Nose, T. Ohmori, & M. Adachi (Eds.), New Trends in the Molecular and Biological Basis for Clinical Oncology (pp. 55–66). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Technology Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 14). There Probably Won’t Be A “Mini Ice Age” In 15 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Social Security Administration: Internet Access to Personal Earnings and Benefits Information (No. T-AIMD/HEHS-97-123). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Megowan, G. (2012). A correlation study of emotional intelligence and behavioral style of bio-pharmaceutical industry District Sales Managers (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2016, January 8). 20 Years Ago: ‘Pride and Prejudice’ Was Reborn on TV. New York Times, p. C29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Irion 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Cole and Alzari 2005; Irion 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cole and Alzari 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Augier et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Technology Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Technol. Transf.
ISSN (print)0892-9912
ISSN (online)1573-7047
Business and International Management
General Engineering

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