How to format your references using the The Journal of Technology Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Technology Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jha, A. (2001). Mass-spectrometry experience is in demand. Nature, 410(6824), 129–130.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kasting, J. F., & Siefert, J. L. (2002). Life and the evolution of Earth’s atmosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5570), 1066–1068.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silk, J. B., Alberts, S. C., & Altmann, J. (2003). Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survival. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5648), 1231–1234.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
McEvilly, R. J., de Diaz, M. O., Schonemann, M. D., Hooshmand, F., & Rosenfeld, M. G. (2002). Transcriptional regulation of cortical neuron migration by POU domain factors. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5559), 1528–1532.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flood, J. M. (2014). Wiley Gaap 2015. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Simmons, K. M. (2012). Deadly Season: Analyzing the 2011 Tornado Outbreaks. (D. Sutter, Ed.). Boston, MA: American Meteorological Society.
A chapter in an edited book
Amiri, S., Semsarzadeh, M. A., & Amiri, S. (2014). Cobalt Mediated Radical Polymerization of 4-Bromo-2,6-Dimethyl Phenol and Its Copolymerization with Poly(dimethyl siloxane) in the Presence of Co(acac)2: DMF Catalyst. In M. A. Semsarzadeh & S. Amiri (Eds.), Silicon Containing Copolymers (pp. 25–37). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Technology Transfer.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015, November 17). Firefighter Receives World’s Most Extensive Face Transplant. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Digital Television Transition: Majority of Broadcasters Are Prepared for the DTV Transition, but Some Technical and Coordination Issues Remain (No. GAO-08-510). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Contartesi, R. A. (2010). School climate: A correlational analysis of superintendent leadership communication and employee performance (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., & Martin, J. (2017, April 12). Kansas Republican Survives Tight Congressional Race to Win House Seat. New York Times, p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jha 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Jha 2001; Kasting and Siefert 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kasting and Siefert 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (McEvilly et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Technology Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Technol. Transf.
ISSN (print)0892-9912
ISSN (online)1573-7047
Business and International Management
General Engineering

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