How to format your references using the The Journal of Technology Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Technology Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ravishankara, A. R. (2012). Atmospheric science. Water vapor in the lower stratosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6096), 809–810.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ueshima, R., & Asami, T. (2003). Evolution: single-gene speciation by left-right reversal. Nature, 425(6959), 679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thomas, J. A., Simcox, D. J., & Clarke, R. T. (2009). Successful conservation of a threatened Maculinea butterfly. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5936), 80–83.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Snodgrass, C., Tubiana, C., Vincent, J.-B., Sierks, H., Hviid, S., Moissl, R., et al. (2010). A collision in 2009 as the origin of the debris trail of asteroid P/2010 A2. Nature, 467(7317), 814–816.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruckmongathan, T. N. (2014). Addressing Techniques of Liquid Crystal Displays. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hargittai, B., & Hargittai, I. (Eds.). (2015). Culture of Chemistry: The Best Articles on the Human Side of 20th-Century Chemistry from the Archives of the Chemical Intelligencer. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Khaleel, H., Singh, C., White, C., Al-Rizzo, H., & Mohan, S. (2015). Novel Wireless Systems for Telemedicine and Body Area Networks Applications. In G. Plantier, T. Schultz, A. Fred, & H. Gamboa (Eds.), Biomedical Engineering Systems and Technologies: 7th International Joint Conference, BIOSTEC 2014, Angers, France, March 3-6, 2014, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 52–65). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Technology Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 13). Scientists Closer To Bringing A Species Back From Extinction. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Telecommunications: Federal Communications Commission Spectrum Management (No. RCED-89-62). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreau, G. A. (2009). Touch and psychotherapy: A journey to the depths of the unconscious and back again (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016, July 28). Request to Alter Opening Ceremony Collides With Tradition. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ravishankara 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Ravishankara 2012; Ueshima and Asami 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ueshima and Asami 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Snodgrass et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Technology Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Technol. Transf.
ISSN (print)0892-9912
ISSN (online)1573-7047
Business and International Management
General Engineering

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