How to format your references using the The Journal of Technology Transfer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Technology Transfer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Saibil, H. R. (2013). Biochemistry. Machinery to reverse irreversible aggregates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6123), 1040–1041.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jacob, Z., & Shalaev, V. M. (2011). Physics. Plasmonics goes quantum. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6055), 463–464.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, S., Ubel, P., & De Vries, R. (2009). Pruning the regulatory tree. Nature, 457(7229), 534–535.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hemann, M. T., Bric, A., Teruya-Feldstein, J., Herbst, A., Nilsson, J. A., Cordon-Cardo, C., et al. (2005). Evasion of the p53 tumour surveillance network by tumour-derived MYC mutants. Nature, 436(7052), 807–811.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kracke, E.-A., & Lodde, K. (2011). Leitfaden Straßenbrücken. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Hlavínek, P., & Zeleňáková, M. (Eds.). (2015). Storm Water Management: Examples from Czech Republic, Slovakia and Poland. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Cvetkovic, D., Abdullah, H., & Chaparro-Vargas, R. (2015). A Review of Methods to Characterize and Classify Sleep, Depression and Schizophrenia Disorders. In S. Adibi (Ed.), Mobile Health: A Technology Road Map (pp. 77–99). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Technology Transfer.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 16). Last Of Her Kind, This 100-Year-Old Turtle May Soon Be A Mom. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). School Vouchers: Publicly Funded Programs in Cleveland and Milwaukee (No. GAO-01-914). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murillo, K. (2010). An analysis of California community college budget policy key components in multicollege districts (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1995, October 15). The Pink Sheep. New York Times, p. 729.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Saibil 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Jacob and Shalaev 2011; Saibil 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jacob and Shalaev 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hemann et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Technology Transfer
AbbreviationJ. Technol. Transf.
ISSN (print)0892-9912
ISSN (online)1573-7047
Business and International Management
General Engineering

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