How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weintraub, K., 2013. Biomedicine: The new gold standard. Nature 495, S14-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Türkmen, Y.E., Aggarwal, V.K., 2014. A simpler route for making nitrogen-alkene rings. [corrected]. Science 343, 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim, H., Chen, J., Yu, X., 2007. Ubiquitin-binding protein RAP80 mediates BRCA1-dependent DNA damage response. Science 316, 1202–1205.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Behrenfeld, M.J., O’Malley, R.T., Siegel, D.A., McClain, C.R., Sarmiento, J.L., Feldman, G.C., Milligan, A.J., Falkowski, P.G., Letelier, R.M., Boss, E.S., 2006. Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity. Nature 444, 752–755.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Blumberg, L.M., 2010. Temperature-Programmed Gas Chromatography. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Groah, J., Temple, B., Smoller, J. (Eds.), 2007. Shock Wave Interactions in General Relativity: A Locally Inertial Glimm Scheme for Spherically Symmetric Spacetimes, Springer Monographs in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
The Ziggurat Group, Myles, B.S., 2013. Building Social Skills Instruction for Children with Asperger Syndrome, in: DuCharme, R.W., Gullotta, T.P. (Eds.), Asperger Syndrome: A Guide for Professionals and Families, Issues in Children’s and Families’ Lives. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 91–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. The Sad Truth Behind Tiger And Slow Loris Selfies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sad-truth-behind-tiger-and-slow-loris-selfies/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Direct Student Loans Could Save Money and Simplify Program Administration (No. T-HRD-92-8). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watterson, T., 2012. Changes in Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Social Support for Middle School Students Using the AFIT App as a Supplement to Instruction in a Physical Education Class (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. Some Merchants Tire of Going Hollywood. New York Times 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weintraub, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Türkmen and Aggarwal, 2014; Weintraub, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Türkmen and Aggarwal, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Behrenfeld et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology
AbbreviationJ. Struct. Biol.
ISSN (print)1047-8477
ScopeStructural Biology

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