How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Speakman, J.R., 2010. FTO effect on energy demand versus food intake. Nature 464, E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowman, A.F., Crabb, B.S., 2002. The Plasmodium falciparum genome--a blueprint for erythrocyte invasion. Science 298, 126–128.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schoffelen, J.-M., Oostenveld, R., Fries, P., 2005. Neuronal coherence as a mechanism of effective corticospinal interaction. Science 308, 111–113.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Torii, M., Hashimoto-Torii, K., Levitt, P., Rakic, P., 2009. Integration of neuronal clones in the radial cortical columns by EphA and ephrin-A signalling. Nature 461, 524–528.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kerzner, H., Belack, C., 2010. Managing Complex Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dupuy, A.J., Largaespada, D.A. (Eds.), 2011. Insertional Mutagenesis Strategies in Cancer Genetics. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Krantz, S.G., Parks, H.R., 2014. Dynamical Systems, in: Parks, H.R. (Ed.), A Mathematical Odyssey: Journey from the Real to the Complex. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 81–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. NASA Successfully Tests New Heat Shield Designed For Breaching Mars’ Atmosphere [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Rail Transportation: Federal Railroad Administration’s New Approach to Railroad Safety (No. RCED-97-142). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Curti, C.L., 2017. Talking About Science Interests: The Importance of Feedback Appraisals When Students Talk About Their Interests in STEM (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2017. To Herald a Film, a Comic Strip Mirrors the Ravages of Climate Change. New York Times B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Speakman, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cowman and Crabb, 2002; Speakman, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cowman and Crabb, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Torii et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology
AbbreviationJ. Struct. Biol.
ISSN (print)1047-8477
ScopeStructural Biology

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