How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGill, B., 2015. Biodiversity: Land use matters. Nature 520, 38–39.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gupta, M., Zare, R.N., 2000. Spinning molecules to bits. Nature 407, 33–34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martin-Lluesma, S., Stucke, V.M., Nigg, E.A., 2002. Role of Hec1 in spindle checkpoint signaling and kinetochore recruitment of Mad1/Mad2. Science 297, 2267–2270.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shen, Y., Joachimiak, A., Rosner, M.R., Tang, W.-J., 2006. Structures of human insulin-degrading enzyme reveal a new substrate recognition mechanism. Nature 443, 870–874.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Crane, S., 2013. Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Dao. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kroll, N., Hirsch, C., Bassi, F., Johnston, C., Hillewaert, K. (Eds.), 2015. IDIHOM: Industrialization of High-Order Methods - A Top-Down Approach: Results of a Collaborative Research Project Funded by the European Union, 2010 - 2014, Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Agneessens, F., Koskinen, J., 2016. Modeling Individual Outcomes Using a Multilevel Social Influence (MSI) Model: Individual Versus Team Effects of Trust on Job Satisfaction in an Organisational Context, in: Lazega, E., Snijders, T.A.B. (Eds.), Multilevel Network Analysis for the Social Sciences: Theory, Methods and Applications, Texts in Statistical Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 81–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Hitchhiking Robot Treks Across Canada [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Judicial Cases Reviewed for Awards of Damages, Attorneys’ Fees, and Nonmonetary Remedies in Special Education Lawsuits Brought Under Public Law 94-142 (No. HRD-85-44). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Theodore, J.A., 2014. A Framework for Comparative Analysis of Gene Expressions and Mutations Linked to Cancer (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Keith, S., Oudens, J., 2016. Half the Fun Is in Getting There. New York Times TR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGill, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gupta and Zare, 2000; McGill, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gupta and Zare, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Shen et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology
AbbreviationJ. Struct. Biol.
ISSN (print)1047-8477
ScopeStructural Biology

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