How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ladegaard Skov, A., 2015. Materials science: Like cartilage, but simpler. Nature 517, 25–26.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mannhart, J., Schlom, D.G., 2010. Oxide interfaces--an opportunity for electronics. Science 327, 1607–1611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Korswagen, H.C., Herman, M.A., Clevers, H.C., 2000. Distinct beta-catenins mediate adhesion and signalling functions in C. elegans. Nature 406, 527–532.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qi, Y., Spong, M.C., Nam, K., Banerjee, A., Jiralerspong, S., Karplus, M., Verdine, G.L., 2009. Encounter and extrusion of an intrahelical lesion by a DNA repair enzyme. Nature 462, 762–766.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2003. Guidelines for Investigating Chemical Process Incidents. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Brown, K.B. (Ed.), 2012. A Comparative Look at Regulation of Corporate Tax Avoidance, Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Geller, M.R., Pritchett, E.J., Sornborger, A.T., Wilhelm, F.K., 2007. Quantum Computing with Superconductors I: Architectures, in: Flatté, M.E., Ţifrea, I. (Eds.), Manipulating Quantum Coherence in Solid State Systems, NATO Science Series II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 171–194.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. New Battery Technologies Developed That Don’t Need Rare Materials [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Air Force Assessment of the Joint Strike Fighter’s Aerial Refueling Method (No. GAO-05-316R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salters, D.D., 2008. The effects of independent reading on the reading comprehension skills of sixth-grade students (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D., 2011. Starting Out in the ’70s. New York Times BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ladegaard Skov, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ladegaard Skov, 2015; Mannhart and Schlom, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mannhart and Schlom, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Qi et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology
AbbreviationJ. Struct. Biol.
ISSN (print)1047-8477
ScopeStructural Biology

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