How to format your references using the Journal of Structural Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Structural Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rylance, R., 2015. Grant giving: Global funders to focus on interdisciplinarity. Nature 525, 313–315.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsumoto, Y., Maller, J.L., 2002. Calcium, calmodulin, and CaMKII requirement for initiation of centrosome duplication in Xenopus egg extracts. Science 295, 499–502.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sezen, U.U., Chazdon, R.L., Holsinger, K.E., 2005. Genetic consequences of tropical second-growth forest regeneration. Science 307, 891.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bao, H., Sun, T., Kohl, I., Peng, Y., 2008. Comment on “Early Archaean microorganisms preferred elemental sulfur, not sulfate.” Science 319, 1336; author reply 1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yu, J., 2013. Way of the Trade. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gutierrez, R. (Ed.), 2009. Co-Existence and Co-Release of Classical Neurotransmitters: Ex uno plures. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, J.S., Jiang, B., 2013. Statistical Methods in Bioinformatics, in: Jiang, R., Zhang, X., Zhang, M.Q. (Eds.), Basics of Bioinformatics: Lecture Notes of the Graduate Summer School on Bioinformatics of China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 101–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Structural Biology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Five myths about the chemicals you breathe, eat and drink [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Factors Affecting Revenue Forecast Accuracy and Realizing Future FAA Expenditures (No. GAO-12-222). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dasari, R.A., 2016. Automatic driving system by recognizing road signs using digital image processing (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M.J., 2017. Arconic Gives 3 Board Seats To Hedge Fund, Ending a Fight. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rylance, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Matsumoto and Maller, 2002; Rylance, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsumoto and Maller, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Bao et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Structural Biology
AbbreviationJ. Struct. Biol.
ISSN (print)1047-8477
ScopeStructural Biology

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