How to format your references using the Biota Neotropica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biota Neotropica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
LOWE, J.B. 2005. Cell biology. Does Notch take the sweet road to success? Science 307(5715):1570–1572.
A journal article with 2 authors
BERKE, J.D. & EICHENBAUM, H.B. 2001. Drug addiction and the hippocampus. Science 294(5545):1235.
A journal article with 3 authors
CANNISTRACI, C.V., ALANIS-LOBATO, G. & RAVASI, T. 2013. From link-prediction in brain connectomes and protein interactomes to the local-community-paradigm in complex networks. Sci. Rep. 31613.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
LU, C., HU, X., YANG, H. & GONG, Q. 2014. Chip-integrated ultrawide-band all-optical logic comparator in plasmonic circuits. Sci. Rep. 43869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
RADCLIFF, P.B. 2017. Modern Spain. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
NGUYEN, N.T., ed. 2013. Transactions on Computational Collective Intelligence IX. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
SOLÉ, J.L. & UTZET, F. 2016. Malliavin Calculus for Stochastic Processes and Random Measures with Independent Increments. In Stochastic Analysis for Poisson Point Processes: Malliavin Calculus, Wiener-Itô Chaos Expansions and Stochastic Geometry (G. Peccati & M. Reitzner, eds) Springer International Publishing, Cham, p.103–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biota Neotropica.

Blog post
ANDREW, E. 2015. The Maths Of Congestion: Springs, Strings And Traffic Jams. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE. 1990. Federal Research: SEMATECH’s Efforts to Strengthen the U.S. Semiconductor Industry.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
SOLOMON, R.B. 2017. Analysis of Emergency Responder Preparedness to Active Shooter Incidents in Santa Barbara, Ventura, Los Angeles, and Riverside Counties. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LANCHESTER, J. 2017. The Major Blind Spots in Macroeconomics. New York Times MM14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lowe 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Lowe 2005, Berke & Eichenbaum 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berke & Eichenbaum 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiota Neotropica
ISSN (print)1676-0603
ISSN (online)1676-0611
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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