How to format your references using the The Journal of Supercritical Fluids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Supercritical Fluids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.G. Sanfey, Social decision-making: insights from game theory and neuroscience, Science. 318 (2007) 598–602.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.C. Fabian, J.M. Miller, Astronomy. Black holes reveal their innermost secrets, Science. 297 (2002) 947–948.
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Minto, R.A. Myers, W. Blanchard, Survival variability and population density in fish populations, Nature. 452 (2008) 344–347.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.Y. Joo, H.W. Choi, M.J. Kim, H. Zaehres, N. Tapia, M. Stehling, K.S. Jung, J.T. Do, H.R. Schöler, Establishment of a primed pluripotent epiblast stem cell in FGF4-based conditions, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7477.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Ellis, A. Lawson, Anatomy for Anaesthetists, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
A. Dingli, The New Digital Natives: Cutting the Chord, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
A.-L. Jousselme, P. Maupin, Uncertainty Representations for Information Retrieval with Missing Data, in: G. Rogova, P. Scott (Eds.), Fusion Methodologies in Crisis Management: Higher Level Fusion and Decision Making, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 87–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Supercritical Fluids.

Blog post
E. Andrew, No, A Study Hasn’t Found That Smoking Weed Gives You Diabetes, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Education Discretionary Grants: Awards Process Could Benefit From Additional Improvements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.P. Mahan, First to the finish line: A case study of first generation baccalaureate degree completers in the University of Maryland Student Support Services program, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Pardon My Dust? Neighbors of a College Project Say No, New York Times. (2001) 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Supercritical Fluids
AbbreviationJ. Supercrit. Fluids
ISSN (print)0896-8446
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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