How to format your references using the Journal of Mammalogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mammalogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. 2003. Danish biotech centre faces axe. Nature 422:105.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fuller, M. T., and A. C. Spradling. 2007. Male and female Drosophila germline stem cells: two versions of immortality. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316:402–404.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, X., R. L. Gross, and A. G. Suits. 2001. “Heavy electron” photoelectron spectroscopy: rotationally resolved ion pair imaging of CH3+. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294:2527–2529.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cheng, C., A. Amini, C. Zhu, Z. Xu, H. Song, and N. Wang. 2014. Enhanced photocatalytic performance of TiO2-ZnO hybrid nanostructures. Scientific reports 4:4181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bertocchi, M., S. L. Schwartz, and W. T. Ziemba. 2010. Optimizing the Aging, Retirement, and Pensions Dilemma. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Knobloch, P. (ed.). 2015. Boundary and Interior Layers, Computational and Asymptotic Methods - BAIL 2014. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bani-Ahmad, S., and G. Ozsoyoglu. 2007. Improved Publication Scores for Online Digital Libraries Via Research Pyramids. Pp. 50–62 in Research and Advanced Technology for Digital Libraries: 11th European Conference, ECDL 2007, Budapest, Hungary, September 16-21, 2007. Proceedings (L. Kovács, N. Fuhr & C. Meghini, eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mammalogy.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2017. These Super Slow-Mo Videos Show A Viper Strike In All Its Glory. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Real Estate Expenses]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collinsworth, B. M. 2014. Hospital to housing: A grant proposal for specialized discharge planning services for people who are homeless. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. 2015. A Look at Past Stories and Articles in The Times. New York Times:C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; Fuller and Spradling 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fuller and Spradling 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Cheng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mammalogy
AbbreviationJ. Mammal.
ISSN (print)0022-2372
ISSN (online)1545-1542
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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