How to format your references using the Journal of Mammalogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mammalogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Plotkin, J. B. 2011. Cell biology. The lives of proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.) 331:683–684.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stoltz, D. B., and J. B. Whitfield. 2009. Virology. Making nice with viruses. Science (New York, N.Y.) 323:884–885.
A journal article with 3 authors
Euston, D. R., M. Tatsuno, and B. L. McNaughton. 2007. Fast-forward playback of recent memory sequences in prefrontal cortex during sleep. Science (New York, N.Y.) 318:1147–1150.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wohlschlegel, J. A., B. T. Dwyer, S. K. Dhar, C. Cvetic, J. C. Walter, and A. Dutta. 2000. Inhibition of eukaryotic DNA replication by geminin binding to Cdt1. Science (New York, N.Y.) 290:2309–2312.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Greenspan, D. 2008. Numerical Solution of Ordinary Differential Equations. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bonifacio, G. T. (ed.). 2012. Feminism and Migration: Cross-Cultural Engagements. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Frowein, J. A. 2009. The Interaction Between National Protection of Human Rights and the ECtHR. Pp. 51–54 in The European Court of Human Rights Overwhelmed by Applications: Problems and Possible Solutions (U. Deutsch & R. Wolfrum, eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mammalogy.

Blog post
Andrews, R. 2015. UN Scientist Chides U.K. Government For Renewable Energy Failure. IFLScience. IFLScience. <https://www.iflscience.com/environment/un-scientist-chides-uk-government-renewable-energy-failure/&#62; (30 October 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Safeguarding Taxpayer Information: An Evaluation of the Proposed Computerized Tax Administration System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yu, W. 2012. Impacts of storms and sea-level rise on coastal evolution between two capes: Onslow Bay, North Carolina. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. 2016. Reviving a Snow Globe Town and Its Comfortable Nostalgia. New York Times:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Plotkin 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Stoltz and Whitfield 2009; Plotkin 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stoltz and Whitfield 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Wohlschlegel et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mammalogy
AbbreviationJ. Mammal.
ISSN (print)0022-2372
ISSN (online)1545-1542
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Genetics
Ecology
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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