How to format your references using the Journal of Mammalogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mammalogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wijnen, H. 2009. Circadian rhythms. A circadian loop asSIRTs itself. Science (New York, N.Y.) 324:598–599.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frusawa, H., and Y. Matsumoto. 2014. Tuning the size and configuration of nanocarbon microcapsules: aqueous method using optical tweezers. Scientific reports 4:4074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wong, K. M., M. A. Suchard, and J. P. Huelsenbeck. 2008. Alignment uncertainty and genomic analysis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319:473–476.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huang, X., I. Vodenska, S. Havlin, and H. E. Stanley. 2013. Cascading failures in bi-partite graphs: model for systemic risk propagation. Scientific reports 3:1219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Haik, B., and D. M. Roy. 2005. Service Design for Six Sigma. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Huang, F., and A. Sugimoto (eds.). 2016. Image and Video Technology – PSIVT 2015 Workshops: RV 2015, GPID 2013, VG 2015, EO4AS 2015, MCBMIIA 2015, and VSWS 2015, Auckland, New Zealand, November 23-27, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Disma, N., and M. Astuto. 2009. Central Venous Cannulation Techniques. Pp. 49–59 in Basics (M. Astuto, ed.). Springer, Milano.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mammalogy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. BREAKING: NASA-Contracted Rocket Explodes Shortly After Take-Off. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Review of the Tennessee Valley Authority’s Procurements of Automatic Data Processing Equipment. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Racho, M. O. 2012. Attributes of Asian American senior leaders who have retained their cultural identity and been successful in American corporations. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling, M. K. 2017. The Look of ’70s SoHo — Captured in One Apartment. New York Times:M2240.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wijnen 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Wijnen 2009; Frusawa and Matsumoto 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Frusawa and Matsumoto 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mammalogy
AbbreviationJ. Mammal.
ISSN (print)0022-2372
ISSN (online)1545-1542
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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