How to format your references using the Journal of Mammalogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mammalogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardin, L. S. 2008. Meetings that changed the world: Bellagio 1969: The green revolution. Nature 455:470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Berndt, A., and K. Deisseroth. 2015. OPTOGENETICS. Expanding the optogenetics toolkit. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349:590–591.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gambardella, A., M. Prezioso, and M. Cavallini. 2014. Tunnel conductivity switching in a single nanoparticle-based nano floating gate memory. Scientific reports 4:4196.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sharp, Z. D., J. D. Barnes, A. J. Brearley, M. Chaussidon, T. P. Fischer, and V. S. Kamenetsky. 2007. Chlorine isotope homogeneity of the mantle, crust and carbonaceous chondrites. Nature 446:1062–1065.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff, N. P., and A. Davletshin. 2010. A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Evans, R. 2012. Complex Classroom Encounters: A South African Perspective. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Kasamatsu, T., T. Koga, and K. Kaminisi. 2013. Modeling and Visualization of Product-Service Systems for Success of Business. Pp. 31–36 in The Philosopher’s Stone for Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th CIRP International Conference on Industrial Product-Service Systems, Tokyo, Japan, November 8th - 9th, 2012 (Y. Shimomura & K. Kimita, eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mammalogy.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. 2016. We Now Have All The New Horizons Data From Pluto. IFLScience. IFLScience. <; (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Some Coordination Efforts Among Programs Providing Transportation Services, but Obstacles Persist. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, H. 2008. Linkages Between Career Development and Career Technical Education Outcomes Among High Schools in New Jersey. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. 2016. Rare Netflix Cancellation: Costly ‘Marco Polo’ Is Done. New York Times:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardin 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Hardin 2008; Berndt and Deisseroth 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Berndt and Deisseroth 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharp et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mammalogy
AbbreviationJ. Mammal.
ISSN (print)0022-2372
ISSN (online)1545-1542
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

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