How to format your references using the Journal of Mammalogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mammalogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickinson, D. K. 2011. Teachers’ language practices and academic outcomes of preschool children. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333:964–967.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dietl, G. P., and G. J. Vermeij. 2006. Comment on “Statistical independence of escalatory ecological trends in Phanerozoic marine invertebrates.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 314:925; author reply 925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanabe, K., N. Sakihama, and A. Kaneko. 2004. Stable SNPs in malaria antigen genes in isolated populations. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303:493.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Büttner, T. et al. 2005. A stable aminyl radical metal complex. Science (New York, N.Y.) 307:235–238.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrasco, R. A., and M. Johnston. 2008. Non-Binary Error Control Coding for Wireless Communication and Data Storage. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Ibarrarán, M. E. 2006. Hacia el futuro: Energy, Economics, and the Environment in 21st Century Mexico. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Asti, E., and L. Bonavina. 2016. Management of Postoperative Complications in Esophagogastric Surgery. Pp. 55–64 in Acute Care Surgery Handbook: Volume 2 Common Gastrointestinal and Abdominal Emergencies (S. Di Saverio, F. Catena, L. Ansaloni, F. Coccolini & G. Velmahos, eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mammalogy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014. Identical genetics doesn’t mean identical behavior for bacteria. IFLScience. IFLScience. <’t-mean-identical-behavior-bacteria/&#62; (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Loma Prieta Earthquake: Collapse of the Bay Bridge and the Cypress Viaduct. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cruz, W. 2009. Extended services post reunification to enhance parent-child attachments: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. 2017. AMC and Comcast to Offer A Commercial-Free Option. New York Times:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lunt 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Thomas 2011; Dyson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dietl and Vermeij 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gasparini et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mammalogy
AbbreviationJ. Mammal.
ISSN (print)0022-2372
ISSN (online)1545-1542
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles