How to format your references using the Journal of Mammalogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mammalogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whipple, C. 2012. Plant science. Defining the plant germ line--nature or nurture? Science (New York, N.Y.) 337:301–302.
A journal article with 2 authors
Donovan, P. J., and J. Gearhart. 2001. The end of the beginning for pluripotent stem cells. Nature 414:92–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yelshanskaya, M. V., M. Li, and A. I. Sobolevsky. 2014. Structure of an agonist-bound ionotropic glutamate receptor. Science (New York, N.Y.) 345:1070–1074.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Blackburn, G. M., N. H. Williams, S. J. Gamblin, and S. J. Smerdon. 2003. Comment on “The pentacovalent phosphorus intermediate of a phosphoryl transfer reaction.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 301:1184; author reply 1184.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parashar, R. K. 2008. Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, United Kingdom.
An edited book
Giacobini, M. (ed.). 2007. Applications of Evolutionary Computing: EvoWorkshops 2007: EvoCoMnet, EvoFIN, EvoIASP,EvoINTERACTION, EvoMUSART, EvoSTOC and EvoTransLog. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Iwahori, Y., K. Tatematsu, T. Nakamura, S. Fukui, R. J. Woodham, and K. Kasugai. 2015. 3D Shape Recovery from Endoscope Image Based on Both Photometric and Geometric Constraints. Pp. 65–80 in Knowledge-Based Information Systems in Practice (J. W. Tweedale, L. C. Jain, J. Watada & R. J. Howlett, eds.). Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mammalogy.

Blog post
Taub, B. 2016. United Nations To Get Tough On Killer Robots In 2017. IFLScience. IFLScience. <> (30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. NASA Procurement: Opportunities to Improve Contract Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boudreau, M.-L. 2014. Chanter en français en Louisiane: Du passé vers le futur. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2012. A Rivalry to Add to the City’s Rich History. New York Times:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whipple 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Donovan and Gearhart 2001; Whipple 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Donovan and Gearhart 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Blackburn et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mammalogy
AbbreviationJ. Mammal.
ISSN (print)0022-2372
ISSN (online)1545-1542
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Nature and Landscape Conservation

Other styles