How to format your references using the Journal of Gender Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gender Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maddox, J. (2002). Maxwell’s demon: slamming the door. Nature, 417(6892), 903.
A journal article with 2 authors
Houk, K. N., & Cheong, P. H.-Y. (2008). Computational prediction of small-molecule catalysts. Nature, 455(7211), 309–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nagornova, N. S., Rizzo, T. R., & Boyarkin, O. V. (2012). Interplay of intra- and intermolecular H-bonding in a progressively solvated macrocyclic peptide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6079), 320–323.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Solli, D. R., Ropers, C., Koonath, P., & Jalali, B. (2007). Optical rogue waves. Nature, 450(7172), 1054–1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bahgat, G. (2011). Energy Security. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pawlewski, P., & Greenwood, A. (Eds.). (2014). Process Simulation and Optimization in Sustainable Logistics and Manufacturing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Hammes, S. (2011). Benign Tumors and Organoid Nevi. In C. Raulin & S. Karsai (Eds.), Laser and IPL Technology in Dermatology and Aesthetic Medicine (pp. 43–59). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gender Studies.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 26). Machines Master Classic Video Games Without Being Told The Rules. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). DHS Multi-Agency Operation Centers Would Benefit from Taking Further Steps to Enhance Collaboration and Coordination (No. GAO-07-686R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cady, S. C. (2013). Successful student goal completion: A community college case study (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. (2009, October 18). Exhibit A-List. New York Times, p. M226.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maddox, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Houk & Cheong, 2008; Maddox, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Houk & Cheong, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Nagornova, Rizzo, & Boyarkin, 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Solli, Ropers, Koonath, & Jalali, 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gender Studies
AbbreviationJ. Gend. Stud.
ISSN (print)0958-9236
ISSN (online)1465-3869
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Gender Studies

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