How to format your references using the Journal of Gender Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Gender Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clay, J. (2011). Freeze the footprint of food. Nature, 475(7356), 287–289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turgeon, S. C., & Creaser, R. A. (2008). Cretaceous oceanic anoxic event 2 triggered by a massive magmatic episode. Nature, 454(7202), 323–326.
A journal article with 3 authors
London, A. J., Kimmelman, J., & Carlisle, B. (2012). Research ethics. Rethinking research ethics: the case of postmarketing trials. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6081), 544–545.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hurtado, A., Holmes, K. A., Geistlinger, T. R., Hutcheson, I. R., Nicholson, R. I., Brown, M., Jiang, J., Howat, W. J., Ali, S., & Carroll, J. S. (2008). Regulation of ERBB2 by oestrogen receptor-PAX2 determines response to tamoxifen. Nature, 456(7222), 663–666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaufman, J. J., & Woodhead, R. (2006). Stimulating Innovation in Products and Services. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Maciaszek, L. A., & Zhang, K. (Eds.). (2013). Evaluation of Novel Approaches to Software Engineering: 6th International Conference, ENASE 2011, Beijing, China, June 8-11, 2011. Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 275). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, D., & Park, G.-T. (2008). Evolution of Inductive Self-organizing Networks. In A. Abraham, C. Grosan, & W. Pedrycz (Eds.), Engineering Evolutionary Intelligent Systems (pp. 109–128). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Gender Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, May 7). Watch An Entire Lake Disappear Down A Hole. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Improper Use of Federal Student Aid Funds for Lobbying Activities (HRD-82-108). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCarter, K. M. (2008). The effect of auditory stimulation on learners with different learning styles [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, September 23). Cabrera Puts End to Wild Game With 1 1th-Inning Homer. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clay, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Clay, 2011; Turgeon & Creaser, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turgeon & Creaser, 2008)
  • Three authors: (London et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hurtado et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Gender Studies
AbbreviationJ. Gend. Stud.
ISSN (print)0958-9236
ISSN (online)1465-3869
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Gender Studies

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