How to format your references using the The Journal of Supercomputing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Supercomputing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benenson Y (2013) Engineering. Recombinatorial logic. Science 340:554–555
A journal article with 2 authors
Srivastava D, Olson EN (2000) A genetic blueprint for cardiac development. Nature 407:221–226
A journal article with 3 authors
Schätz T, Schramm U, Habs D (2001) Crystalline ion beams. Nature 412:717–720
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Doronina-Amitonova LV, Fedotov IV, Ivashkina OI, et al (2013) Implantable fiber-optic interface for parallel multisite long-term optical dynamic brain interrogation in freely moving mice. Sci Rep 3:3265

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lamattina JL (2012) Devalued and Distrusted. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Wu X, Clark A, Campanelli M (2006) Hadron Collider Physics 2005: Proceedings of the 1st Hadron Collider Physics Symposium, Les Diablerets, Switzerland, July 4-9, 2005. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chernousko FL, Ananievski IM, Reshmin SA (2008) Stability based control for Lagrangian mechanical systems. In: Ananievski IM, Reshmin SA (eds) Control of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: Methods and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 147–155

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Supercomputing.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Astronomy Student Discovers “Warm Neptune” Exoplanet Within Habitable Zone. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Issues to Be Considered During Deliberations to Reauthorize the Federal-Aid Highway Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Correa L (2015) Urban-rural differences in overweight and obese status among adolescents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vizard MM (1999) In the Region /Westchester; Avalon Joins New Roc City for New Rochelle Revival. New York Times 1111

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Supercomputing
AbbreviationJ. Supercomput.
ISSN (print)0920-8542
ISSN (online)1573-0484
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles