How to format your references using the The Journal of Supercomputing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Supercomputing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Xu Z (2011) Modernization: One step at a time. Nature 480:S90-2
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Abbott MB, Wolfe AP (2003) Intensive pre-Incan metallurgy recorded by lake sediments from the Bolivian Andes. Science 301:1893–1895
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Roseboom W, Kawabe T, Nishida S (2013) The cross-modal double flash illusion depends on featural similarity between cross-modal inducers. Sci Rep 3:3437
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Wu J, Xu J, Liu B, et al (2018) Chromatin analysis in human early development reveals epigenetic transition during ZGA. Nature 557:256–260

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hartmann AK, Weigt M (2005) Phase Transitions in Combinatorial Optimization Problems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
1.
Wittinghofer A (2014) Ras Superfamily Small G Proteins: Biology and Mechanisms 1: General Features, Signaling. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Krasińska M, Krasiński ZA (2013) The Original Range of the Species Bison bonasus (L.). In: Krasiński ZA (ed) European Bison: The Nature Monograph. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 41–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Supercomputing.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A (2017) For The First Time We Have Measured The Temperature Fluctuations Around A Black Hole. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/for-the-first-time-we-have-measured-the-temperature-fluctuations-around-a-black-hole/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1992) Mission Support Project: User Perceptions on Computer Use and Network Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Burg CA (2010) Faculty perspectives on doctoral student mentoring: The mentor’s odyssey. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Leland J (2016) Loft Life: Music, Stretching and Leftovers. New York Times MB2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Supercomputing
AbbreviationJ. Supercomput.
ISSN (print)0920-8542
ISSN (online)1573-0484
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Software
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles