How to format your references using the The Journal of Supercomputing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Supercomputing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zimmerman PD (2011) Science since 9/11: Homeland insecurity. Nature 477:153–154
A journal article with 2 authors
Jellinek AM, Bercovici D (2011) Seismic tremors and magma wagging during explosive volcanism. Nature 470:522–525
A journal article with 3 authors
Suthram S, Sittler T, Ideker T (2005) The Plasmodium protein network diverges from those of other eukaryotes. Nature 438:108–112
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang J, Adrián FJ, Jahnke W, et al (2010) Targeting Bcr-Abl by combining allosteric with ATP-binding-site inhibitors. Nature 463:501–506

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bilbao S (2005) Wave and Scattering Methods for Numerical Simulation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Seeger A (2006) Recent Advances in Optimization. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Wolfsberg M, Van Hook WA, Paneth P (2009) Isotope Effects on Equilibrium Constants of Chemical Reactions; Transition State Theory of Isotope Effects. In: Hook WA, Paneth P, Rebelo LPN (eds) Isotope Effects: in the Chemical, Geological, and Bio Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–137

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Supercomputing.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Brutal Battle Between Tiger And Leopard Caught On Camera. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) The Atlanta Region: Welcome to the Now South! U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sadr EI (2013) To whisper in the king’s ear: Economists in Pahlavi and Islamic Iran. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu W (2016) New Bronx District Attorney Fixes Her Sights on Rikers Island Cases. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Supercomputing
AbbreviationJ. Supercomput.
ISSN (print)0920-8542
ISSN (online)1573-0484
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles