How to format your references using the The Journal of Supercomputing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Supercomputing (J Supercomput). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lander AD (2013) How cells know where they are. Science 339:923–927
A journal article with 2 authors
Nakahara K, Miyashita Y (2005) Neuroscience. Understanding intentions: through the looking glass. Science 308:644–645
A journal article with 3 authors
Martens S, Kozlov MM, McMahon HT (2007) How synaptotagmin promotes membrane fusion. Science 316:1205–1208
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu P, Li C, Zhao Z, et al (2014) Induced effects of advanced oxidation processes. Sci Rep 4:4018

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith IM, Griffiths DV, Margetts L (2015) Programming the Finite Element Method. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ibrahimbegovic A, Kozar I (2007) Extreme Man-Made and Natural Hazards in Dynamics of Structures. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Majer U (2006) Hilbert’s Axiomatic Approach to the Foundations of Science—A Failed Research Program? In: Hendricks VF, Jørgensen KF, Lützen J, Pedersen SA (eds) Interactions: Mathematics, Physics and Philosophy, 1860–1930. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 155–184

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Supercomputing.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) NASA Creates Wi-Fi Chip That Could Save Battery On Your Smart Tech. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Need for a National Earthquake Research Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monosky KA (2010) Perceived effectiveness and utility of various EMS credentials. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2008) Chalkboard Special: Soup. New York Times NJ8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Supercomputing
AbbreviationJ. Supercomput.
ISSN (print)0920-8542
ISSN (online)1573-0484
ScopeHardware and Architecture
Information Systems
Theoretical Computer Science

Other styles