How to format your references using the Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
(1) Fairchild, A. L. (2006) Public health. Diabetes and disease surveillance. Science 313, 175–176.
A journal article with 2 authors
(1) Doumy, G., and DiMauro, L. F. (2008) Chemistry. Interrogating molecules. Science 322, 1194–1195.
A journal article with 3 authors
(1) Meng, F., Li, X., and Duan, Y. (2014) Chip-based ingroove microplasma with orthogonal signal collection: new approach for carbon-containing species detection through open air reaction for performance enhancement. Sci. Rep. 4, 4803.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
(1) Pallecchi, E., Lafont, F., Cavaliere, V., Schopfer, F., Mailly, D., Poirier, W., and Ouerghi, A. (2014) High Electron Mobility in Epitaxial Graphene on 4H-SiC(0001) via post-growth annealing under hydrogen. Sci. Rep. 4, 4558.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
(1) Bauer, E., Adams, R., and Eustace, D. (2011) Beyond Redundancy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
(1) Benson, D. J. (2012) Representations of Finite Groups: Local Cohomology and Support (Iyengar, S., and Krause, H., Eds.). Springer, Basel.
A chapter in an edited book
(1) Suh, J. M., and Fulginiti, K. (2011) Developing Mathematical Potential in Underrepresented Populations through Problem Solving, Mathematical Discourse and Algebraic Reasoning, in The Elements of Creativity and Giftedness in Mathematics (Sriraman, B., and Lee, K. H., Eds.), pp 67–79. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry.

Blog post
(1) Davis, J. (2015, July 4) There Might be Fewer Galaxies out in the Universe Than Expected. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
(1) Government Accountability Office. (1996) Space Station: Cost Control Difficulties Continue. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
(1) Boylan, S. A. (2017) An exploratory case study: U. S. Army’s leadership development for organizational leaders. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(1) Hartocollis, A. (2014, September 13) Doctor Who Worked on Rivers Steps Down From Post at Medical Clinic. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry
ISSN (print)0006-2960
ISSN (online)1520-4995

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