How to format your references using the Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
(1) Smaglik, P. (2003) The glory of autonomy. Nature 422, 353.
A journal article with 2 authors
(1) Dennett-Thorpe, J., and de Bruyn, A. G. (2002) Interstellar scintillation as the origin of the rapid radio variability of the quasar J1819+3845. Nature 415, 57–60.
A journal article with 3 authors
(1) Wahl, E. R., Ritson, D. M., and Ammann, C. M. (2006) Comment on “Reconstructing past climate from noisy data.” Science 312, 529; author reply 529.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
(1) Gutberlet, A., Schwaab, G., Birer, O., Masia, M., Kaczmarek, A., Forbert, H., Havenith, M., and Marx, D. (2009) Aggregation-induced dissociation of HCl(H2O)4 below 1 K: the smallest droplet of acid. Science 324, 1545–1548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
(1) Gonzalez, R., Qi, F., and Huang, B. (2016) Process Control System Fault Diagnosis: A Bayesian Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
(1) Davis, F. D., Riedl, R., vom Brocke, J., Léger, P.-M., and Randolph, A. B. (Eds.). (2015) Information Systems and Neuroscience: Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2015. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
(1) Li, K. W. (2011) A Study of Peer Discourse in Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning Environment, in Advances in Web-Based Learning - ICWL 2011: 10th International Conference, Hong Kong, China, December 8-10, 2011. Proceedings (Leung, H., Popescu, E., Cao, Y., Lau, R. W. H., and Nejdl, W., Eds.), pp 31–40. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry.

Blog post
(1) Fang, J. (2015, October 16) How Female Parasitoid Wasps Pick Their Caterpillar Victims. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
(1) Government Accountability Office. (1991) Project on Standardization of Basic Financial Information Requirements of Central Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
(1) Gandarilla, A. H. (2009) Family preservation: A content analysis of literature. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(1) Hodgman, J. (2017, June 30) Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry
ISSN (print)0006-2960
ISSN (online)1520-4995

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