How to format your references using the Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
(1) Stahl, S. S. (2005) Chemistry. Palladium-catalyzed oxidation of organic chemicals with O2. Science 309, 1824–1826.
A journal article with 2 authors
(1) García-Sastre, A., and Biron, C. A. (2006) Type 1 interferons and the virus-host relationship: a lesson in détente. Science 312, 879–882.
A journal article with 3 authors
(1) Powner, M. W., Gerland, B., and Sutherland, J. D. (2009) Synthesis of activated pyrimidine ribonucleotides in prebiotically plausible conditions. Nature 459, 239–242.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
(1) Philippot, P., Van Zuilen, M., Lepot, K., Thomazo, C., Farquhar, J., and Van Kranendonk, M. J. (2007) Early Archaean microorganisms preferred elemental sulfur, not sulfate. Science 317, 1534–1537.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
(1) Hopkins, B. R. (2009) Fundraising Law Made Easy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
(1) Buttazzo, G. (2009) Optimal Urban Networks via Mass Transportation (Pratelli, A., Stepanov, E., and Solimini, S., Eds.). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
(1) Loh, C. S., and Sheng, Y. (2015) Measuring Expert Performance for Serious Games Analytics: From Data to Insights, in Serious Games Analytics: Methodologies for Performance Measurement, Assessment, and Improvement (Loh, C. S., Sheng, Y., and Ifenthaler, D., Eds.), pp 101–134. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biochemistry.

Blog post
(1) Carpineti, A. (2017, April 4) Dark Energy May Not Actually Exist. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
(1) Government Accountability Office. (1998) National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard--Model Year 2000. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
(1) Zometa, E. (2017) Imaging Service Consultations: Imaging Express. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(1) Wagner, J. (2017, July 9) As Injury Carousel Spins, the Mets Keep Reeling. New York Times.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBiochemistry
ISSN (print)0006-2960
ISSN (online)1520-4995

Other styles