How to format your references using the Molecular Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wand, AJ (2001). On the dynamic origins of allosteric activation. Science 293: 1395.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domb, LG and Pagel, M (2001). Sexual swellings advertise female quality in wild baboons. Nature 410: 204–206.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hamilton, VE, Christensen, PR and Bandfield, JL (2003). Planetary science: Volcanism or aqueous alteration on Mars? Nature 421: 711–2; discussion 712-3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang, K, Guo, JZ, Peng, Y, Xi, W and Guo, A (2007). Dopamine-mushroom body circuit regulates saliency-based decision-making in Drosophila. Science 316: 1901–1904.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castañeda, LB, Arunachalam, V and Dharmaraja, S (2012). Introduction to Probability and Stochastic Processes with Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
(2015). Inverse Problems and Applications. In: Beilina, L (ed.) 120, Springer International Publishing, Cham, X, 164 p. 44 illus., 41 illus. in colorpp.
A chapter in an edited book
Chailleux, S and Moyson, S (2016). The French Ban on Hydraulic Fracturing and the Attempts to Reverse It: Social Mobilization, Professional Forums, and Coalition Strategies. In: Weible, CM, Heikkila, T, Ingold, K and Fischer, M (eds.). Policy Debates on Hydraulic Fracturing: Comparing Coalition Politics in North America and Europe, Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY: pp 115–145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Therapy.

Blog post
Andrews, R (2016). ‘Lucy’ May Have Lived Alongside Several Of Her Evolutionary Cousins In Ancient Africa. IFLScienceat <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Medicare Transaction System: Success Depends Upon Correcting Critical Managerial and Technical Weaknesses, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McLeod, DJ (2010). From fear to freedom: Overcoming obstacles and living truthfully in a role.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, GG (2010). Look! Up in the Sky! Hoping for Broadway! New York Times: AR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Therapy
AbbreviationMol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1525-0016
ISSN (online)1525-0024
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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