How to format your references using the Molecular Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kitching, RL (2006). Ecology. Crafting the pieces of the diversity jigsaw puzzle. Science 313: 1055–1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
Riskin, DK and Hermanson, JW (2005). Biomechanics: independent evolution of running in vampire bats. Nature 434: 292.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ooi, TL, Wu, B and He, ZJ (2001). Distance determined by the angular declination below the horizon. Nature 414: 197–200.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Suzuki, Y, Sakai, N, Yoshida, A, Uekusa, Y, Yagi, A, Imaoka, Y, et al. (2013). High-speed atomic force microscopy combined with inverted optical microscopy for studying cellular events. Sci. Rep. 3: 2131.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molino Sr., LN (2006). Emergency Incident Management Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Guillonneau, B (2009). Laparoscopic Techniques in Uro-Oncology. In: Gill, IS, Janetschek, G and Tuerk, IA (eds.), Springer, London, XI, 163 ppp.
A chapter in an edited book
Longaretti, P-Y (2008). Pressure-Driven Instabilities in Astrophysical Jets. In: Massaglia, S, Bodo, G, Mignone, A and Rossi, P (eds.). Jets From Young Stars III: Numerical MHD and Instabilities, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg: pp 131–151.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Therapy.

Blog post
Taub, B (2016). Gene That Makes People Behave Like Idiots When Drunk Could Also Protect Against Diabetes. IFLScienceat <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Business Systems Modernization: Strategy for Evolving DOD’s Business Enterprise Architecture Offers a Conceptual Approach, but Execution Details Are Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mhatre, AB (2009). Zone-Clipper.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B (2015). Size of Manhunt Area for 2nd Prison Escapee Significantly Expanded. New York Times: A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Therapy
AbbreviationMol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1525-0016
ISSN (online)1525-0024
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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