How to format your references using the Molecular Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Molecular Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hennecke, U (2013). Chemistry. Revealing the positive side of fluorine. Science 340: 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wijffels, RH and Barbosa, MJ (2010). An outlook on microalgal biofuels. Science 329: 796–799.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gosse, NJ, Nevin, LM and Baier, H (2008). Retinotopic order in the absence of axon competition. Nature 452: 892–895.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
O’Neill, JS, Maywood, ES, Chesham, JE, Takahashi, JS and Hastings, MH (2008). cAMP-dependent signaling as a core component of the mammalian circadian pacemaker. Science 320: 949–953.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dubuisson, S (2015). Tracking with Particle Filter for High-Dimensional Observation and State Spaces, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gao, Q (2015). The Road to the Rule of Law in Modern China. In: Zhang, W and Tian, F (eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XXIII, 150 ppp.
A chapter in an edited book
Daepp, U and Gorkin, P (2011). Set Notation and Quantifiers. In: Gorkin, P (ed.). Reading, Writing, and Proving: A Closer Look at Mathematics, Springer, New York, NY: pp 33–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Molecular Therapy.

Blog post
Hale, T (2016). Boaty McBoatface Will NOT Be The Name Of This New Polar Research Ship. IFLScienceat <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). High Definition Television: The Effects of Standards on U.S. Entertainment Industries, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Beechey, SN (2008). The politics of deservingness: Discourses of gender, race, *class, and age in the 2005 Social Security debates.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J (2016). After Negotiations With NBC, Billy Bush Is Officially Off ‘Today’. New York Times: A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleMolecular Therapy
AbbreviationMol. Ther.
ISSN (print)1525-0016
ISSN (online)1525-0024
Molecular Biology
Molecular Medicine
Drug Discovery

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