How to format your references using the The Journal of Social Studies Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Social Studies Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ranganathan, R. (2007). Biochemistry. Signaling across the cell membrane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5854), 1253–1254.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park, E., & Rapoport, T. A. (2011). Preserving the membrane barrier for small molecules during bacterial protein translocation. Nature, 473(7346), 239–242.
A journal article with 3 authors
Depew, M. J., Lufkin, T., & Rubenstein, J. L. R. (2002). Specification of jaw subdivisions by Dlx genes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5592), 381–385.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Eathiraj, S., Pan, X., Ritacco, C., & Lambright, D. G. (2005). Structural basis of family-wide Rab GTPase recognition by rabenosyn-5. Nature, 436(7049), 415–419.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rittereiser, C. M., & Kochard, L. E. (2010). Top Hedge Fund Investors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Smith, D. (2012). Android Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach (J. Friesen, Ed.; Second Edition). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Pavlovic, M., & Balint, B. (2013). Adult Stem Cells (the Concept of VSEL-Cell). In B. Balint (Ed.), Stem Cells and Tissue Engineering (pp. 21–22). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Social Studies Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, August 3). Controversial “Anti-Aging” Young Blood Injection Trial Demands $8,000 From Each Volunteer. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Opportunities for Oversight and Improved Use of Taxpayer Funds: Examples from Selected GAO Work (GAO-03-1006). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, D. (2017). Leadership Best Practices for Female Executives in the Information Technology Industry [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Macfarlane, I. (1906, March 17). Wordsworth. New York Times, RECIEW OF BOOKSBR166.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ranganathan, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Park & Rapoport, 2011; Ranganathan, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park & Rapoport, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Depew et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Eathiraj et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Social Studies Research
ISSN (print)0885-985X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

Other styles