How to format your references using the The Journal of Social Studies Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Social Studies Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baughman, R. H. (2000). MATERIALS SCIENCE: Putting a New Spin on Carbon Nanotubes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5495), 1310–1311.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lincoln, T. A., & Joyce, G. F. (2009). Self-sustained replication of an RNA enzyme. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5918), 1229–1232.
A journal article with 3 authors
Merkle, F. T., Mirzadeh, Z., & Alvarez-Buylla, A. (2007). Mosaic organization of neural stem cells in the adult brain. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5836), 381–384.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kuiper, K. F., Deino, A., Hilgen, F. J., Krijgsman, W., Renne, P. R., & Wijbrans, J. R. (2008). Synchronizing rock clocks of Earth history. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5875), 500–504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K., & Aardema, F. (2011). Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Levy, R. A., & Ablon, J. S. (Eds.). (2009). Handbook of Evidence-Based Psychodynamic Psychotherapy: Bridging the Gap Between Science and Practice. Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Shapiro, A. (2015). Contingency. In L. A. Dyer & M. L. Forister (Eds.), The Lives of Lepidopterists (pp. 31–40). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Social Studies Research.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, November 14). Germany To Reduce Carbon Emissions By 95 Percent by 2050. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Chemical Assessments: Low Productivity and New Interagency Review Process Limit the Usefulness and Credibility of EPA’s Integrated Risk Information System (GAO-08-440). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dinh, W. (2009). Elderly Vietnamese’ perceptions of the effects of Adult Day Health Care services on their mental and physical well-being [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2016, February 18). Resetting the Post-Scalia Supreme Court. New York Times, A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baughman, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Baughman, 2000; Lincoln & Joyce, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lincoln & Joyce, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Merkle et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kuiper et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Social Studies Research
ISSN (print)0885-985X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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