How to format your references using the The Journal of Social Studies Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Social Studies Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vedral, V. (2012). Physics. Moving beyond trust in quantum computing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6066), 294–295.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fitoussi, C., & Bourdon, B. (2012). Silicon isotope evidence against an enstatite chondrite Earth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6075), 1477–1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishimune, H., Sanes, J. R., & Carlson, S. S. (2004). A synaptic laminin-calcium channel interaction organizes active zones in motor nerve terminals. Nature, 432(7017), 580–587.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
He, G., Luo, W., Li, P., Remmers, C., Netzer, W. J., Hendrick, J., Bettayeb, K., Flajolet, M., Gorelick, F., Wennogle, L. P., & Greengard, P. (2010). Gamma-secretase activating protein is a therapeutic target for Alzheimer’s disease. Nature, 467(7311), 95–98.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Negre, E. (2015). Information and Recommender Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ferré, N., Filatov, M., & Huix-Rotllant, M. (Eds.). (2016). Density-Functional Methods for Excited States (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 368). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Perera, A., & Sokolić, F. (2012). Looking at Water Through Paradigms. In O. Pombo, J. M. Torres, J. Symons, & S. Rahman (Eds.), Special Sciences and the Unity of Science (pp. 81–87). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Social Studies Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 27). What’s Next For Tobacco Control? A Smoke-Free Generation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). Use of Program Income by Evaluation, Dissemination, and Assessment Centers Supported by OBEMLA (HRD-82-63). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kotch, S. (2009). Unduly harsh and unworkably rigid: The death penalty in North Carolina, 1910–1961 [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (1972, December 10). Is Anybody Here from Albion, Nebraska ? Is Everybody?; Albion, Nebraska -- Ta Dum! -- Celebrates in Great Plains Style. New York Times, TRAVEL AND RESORTSXX1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vedral, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Fitoussi & Bourdon, 2012; Vedral, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fitoussi & Bourdon, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Nishimune et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (He et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Social Studies Research
ISSN (print)0885-985X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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