How to format your references using the The Journal of Social Studies Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Social Studies Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kündig, P. (2006). Chemistry. The future of organic synthesis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5798), 430–431.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ferrara, N., & Kerbel, R. S. (2005). Angiogenesis as a therapeutic target. Nature, 438(7070), 967–974.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jia, H., Liggins, J. R., & Chow, W. S. (2014). Entropy and biological systems: experimentally-investigated entropy-driven stacking of plant photosynthetic membranes. Scientific Reports, 4, 4142.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Emerson, J. J., Cardoso-Moreira, M., Borevitz, J. O., & Long, M. (2008). Natural selection shapes genome-wide patterns of copy-number polymorphism in Drosophila melanogaster. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5883), 1629–1631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Higgs, J., & Titchen, A. (2008). Professional Practice in Health, Education and the Creative Arts. Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Albers, M., Hoffmann, T., & Reinhardt, J. (Eds.). (2014). Human Rights and Human Nature (Vol. 35). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Hasu, T., Bagge, A. H., & Haveraaen, M. (2013). Inferring Required Permissions for Statically Composed Programs. In H. Riis Nielson & D. Gollmann (Eds.), Secure IT Systems: 18th Nordic Conference, NordSec 2013, Ilulissat, Greenland, October 18-21, 2013, Proceedings (pp. 51–66). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Social Studies Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 13). Graphene Defies Thermal Conductivity Law. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). A Bibliography of Documents Issued by the GAO on Matters Related to: ADP (AFMD-81-85). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tomlinson, K. L. (2008). Working with the imaginal: Art-making and dialogue with figures of soul [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forsberg, M. E. (2010, October 28). A Hudson Tunnel That Goes One Way. New York Times, A33.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kündig, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Ferrara & Kerbel, 2005; Kündig, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ferrara & Kerbel, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Jia et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Emerson et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Social Studies Research
ISSN (print)0885-985X
ScopeSocial Sciences (miscellaneous)

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