How to format your references using the Clinical and Experimental Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Experimental Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Service RF. American Chemical Society meeting. Snapshots from the meeting. Science. 2006;314:47.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zhu L, Wang J. Arbitrary manipulation of spatial amplitude and phase using phase-only spatial light modulators. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7441.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. MacDonald MP, Spalding GC, Dholakia K. Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice. Nature. 2003;426:421–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Aviles-Jimenez F, Vazquez-Jimenez F, Medrano-Guzman R, Mantilla A, Torres J. Stomach microbiota composition varies between patients with non-atrophic gastritis and patients with intestinal type of gastric cancer. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Smith C, Meeking D. How to Succeed at the Medical Interview. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1. Smith H, McDermott JC, editors. The Foxfire Approach: Inspiration for Classrooms and Beyond. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Franklin ME, Tolin DF. What Should be Done? In: Tolin DF, editor. Treating Trichotillomania: Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Hairpulling and Related Problems. New York, NY: Springer; 2007. p. 51–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Experimental Nephrology.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Researchers Discover How Bees Naturally “Vaccinate” Their Young. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Concerns About Competition in the Cellular Telephone Service Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jul. Report No.: RCED-92-220.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rutherford C. The education of Dr. Khalil Totah [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gorman J. Buzzed: Sweets Raise Hopes Among Bees. New York Times. 2016 Sep 30;D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Experimental Nephrology
AbbreviationClin. Exp. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1342-1751
ISSN (online)1437-7799
ScopePhysiology
Nephrology
Physiology (medical)

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