How to format your references using the Clinical and Experimental Nephrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical and Experimental Nephrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kargel JS. Planetary science. Proof for water, hints of life? Science. 2004;306:1689–91.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Price WN 2nd, Rai AK. Drug Development. Are trade secrets delaying biosimilars? Science. 2015;348:188–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Doeller CF, Barry C, Burgess N. Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network. Nature. 2010;463:657–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhang Z, Liu CT, Miller MK, Wang X-L, Wen Y, Fujita T, et al. A nanoscale co-precipitation approach for property enhancement of Fe-base alloys. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Zhang PG, Chan T. The Chinese Yuan. 2 Clementi Loop, #02-01, Singapore 129809: John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte. Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Gartner G, Ortag F, editors. Cartography in Central and Eastern Europe: CEE 2009. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Dornan D, Settleman J. Predictive Biomarkers for Antibody–Drug Conjugates. In: Phillips GL, editor. Antibody-Drug Conjugates and Immunotoxins: From Pre-Clinical Development to Therapeutic Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2013. p. 77–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical and Experimental Nephrology.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. What’s The Happiest Country In The World? IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airport Improvement Program: Analysis of Discretionary Spending for Fiscal Years 1996-98. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999 May. Report No.: RCED-99-160R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Laskey E. Plasma glucagon during development of insulin resistance among healthy individuals [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Billard M. Scouting Report. New York Times. 2010 Aug 19;E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical and Experimental Nephrology
AbbreviationClin. Exp. Nephrol.
ISSN (print)1342-1751
ISSN (online)1437-7799
ScopePhysiology
Nephrology
Physiology (medical)

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