How to format your references using the Applied Mathematics and Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mathematics and Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.A. Lawrence, The politics of publication, Nature. 422 (2003) 259–261.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Golz, D.I.A. MacLeod, Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy, Nature. 415 (2002) 637–640.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Gruber, C.D. Keeling, N.R. Bates, Interannual variability in the North Atlantic Ocean carbon sink, Science. 298 (2002) 2374–2378.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.S. Lee, J.S. Lee, S.H. Oh, S.K. Kim, J.W. Kim, J.K. Chung, M.C. Lee, C.S. Kim, Cross-modal plasticity and cochlear implants, Nature. 409 (2001) 149–150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Rigo, Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 2, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
J. Cabestany, I. Rojas, G. Joya, eds., Advances in Computational Intelligence: 11th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2011, Torremolinos-Málaga, Spain, June 8-10, 2011, Proceedings, Part I, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Zhou, Y. Mu, N. Zhao, Q.M.J. Wu, C.-N. Yang, Coverless Information Hiding Method Based on Multi-keywords, in: X. Sun, A. Liu, H.-C. Chao, E. Bertino (Eds.), Cloud Computing and Security: Second International Conference, ICCCS 2016, Nanjing, China, July 29-31, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mathematics and Computation.

Blog post
E. Andrew, MAVEN Spacecraft Takes First Deep Dip, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Acquisition Is Under Way, but Improvements Needed in Management and Oversight, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y.C. Dominguez, Recruitment, training, and support for foster parents of children birth to 4 years: A grant proposal, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Alderman, Europe Surveys the Gig Economy And Wants Worker Safeguards, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mathematics and Computation
AbbreviationAppl. Math. Comput.
ISSN (print)0096-3003
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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