How to format your references using the Applied Mathematics and Computation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Mathematics and Computation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Nadeem, Unconditionally secure commitment in position-based quantum cryptography, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6774.
A journal article with 2 authors
L.M. Gordon, D. Joester, Nanoscale chemical tomography of buried organic-inorganic interfaces in the chiton tooth, Nature. 469 (2011) 194–197.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.N. Head, H.J. Melosh, B.A. Ivanov, Martian meteorite launch: high-speed ejecta from small craters, Science. 298 (2002) 1752–1756.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Liu, Y. Xiao, X. Li, B. Oppert, B.E. Tabashnik, K. Wu, Cis-mediated down-regulation of a trypsin gene associated with Bt resistance in cotton bollworm, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7219.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Hackshaw, How to Write a Grant Application, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK, 2010.
An edited book
M. Giacobini, A. Brabazon, S. Cagnoni, G.A.D. Caro, R. Drechsler, A. Ekárt, A.I. Esparcia-Alcázar, M. Farooq, A. Fink, J. McCormack, M. O’Neill, J. Romero, F. Rothlauf, G. Squillero, A.Ş. Uyar, S. Yang, eds., Applications of Evolutionary Computing: EvoWorkshops 2008: EvoCOMNET, EvoFIN, EvoHOT, EvoIASP, EvoMUSART, EvoNUM, EvoSTOC, and EvoTransLog, Naples, Italy, March 26-28, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
R.S. Rowlett, Structure and Catalytic Mechanism of β-Carbonic Anhydrases, in: S.C. Frost, R. McKenna (Eds.), Carbonic Anhydrase: Mechanism, Regulation, Links to Disease, and Industrial Applications, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014: pp. 53–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Mathematics and Computation.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Siberia’s “Doorway To The Underworld” Is Very Quickly Getting Bigger, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transmittal of Comptroller General Decision on the Transportation Security Administration’s Time and Attendance Approval System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
I.M. Carter, The discourse of the divine: Radical traditions of Black feminism, musicking, and myth within the Black public sphere (Civil Rights to the present), Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Kelly, THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Political Memo; Republicans Re-Think “Family Values” Focus, New York Times. (1992) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Mathematics and Computation
AbbreviationAppl. Math. Comput.
ISSN (print)0096-3003
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics

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