How to format your references using the The Journal of Sexual Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Sexual Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kagan JC. Immunology. Sensing endotoxins from within. Science 2013;341:1184–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Tsuchiya T, Eulgem T. Mutations in EDM2 selectively affect silencing states of transposons and induce plant developmental plasticity. Sci Rep 2013;3:1701.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Stunnenberg HG, Vermeulen M, Atlasi Y. Developmental biology. A Me6Age for pluripotency. Science 2015;347:614–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Feng X, Sun T, Bei Y, Ding S, Zheng W, Lu Y, et al. S-nitrosylation of ERK inhibits ERK phosphorylation and induces apoptosis. Sci Rep 2013;3:1814.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Santamarina JC, Fratta D. Discrete Signals and Inverse Problems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Joshi SN, Dixit US, editors. Lasers Based Manufacturing: 5th International and 26th All India Manufacturing Technology, Design and Research Conference, AIMTDR 2014. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
François D, Pineau A, Zaoui A. Viscoelasticity. In: Pineau A, Zaoui A, editors. Mechanical Behaviour of Materials: Volume 1: Micro- and Macroscopic Constitutive Behaviour, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012, p. 445–505.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Mars Looks Weirdly Different Everywhere We Look. IFLScience 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/space/mars-looks-weirdly-different-everywhere-we-look/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Reform: Progress Made; More Needs to Be Done to Complete Actions and Measure Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Diorio CA. The silent scream of Medusa: Restoring, or re-storying, her voice. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Currie A, Dixon H, Hay G. Auto Sales Defy The Statistics. New York Times 2010:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Sexual Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Sex. Med.
ISSN (print)1743-6095
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine
Urology

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