How to format your references using the The Journal of Sexual Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Sexual Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hanushek EA. Education. Building on No Child Left Behind. Science 2009;326:802–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bowerman B, O’Rourke SM. Development. Pushing your back into place. Science 2012;336:984–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Nilewski C, Geisser RW, Carreira EM. Total synthesis of a chlorosulpholipid cytotoxin associated with seafood poisoning. Nature 2009;457:573–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Volpert M, Mangum JE, Jamsai D, D’Sylva R, O’Bryan MK, McIntyre P. Eukaryotic expression, purification and structure/function analysis of native, recombinant CRISP3 from human and mouse. Sci Rep 2014;4:4217.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Burwick F. Romanticism. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Korogodina VL, Mothersill CE, Inge-Vechtomov SG, Seymour CB, editors. Genetics, Evolution and Radiation: Crossing Borders, The Interdisciplinary Legacy of Nikolay W. Timofeeff-Ressovsky. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Velarde MG, Makarov VA, Castellanos NP, Song YL, Lombardo D. Mathematical Approach to Sensory Motor Control and Memory. In: Arena P, Patanè L, editors. Spatial Temporal Patterns for Action-Oriented Perception in Roving Robots, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009, p. 219–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Rising Seas Could Drown Turtle Eggs: New Research. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/rising-seas-could-drown-turtle-eggs-new-research/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Forest Service: Status of Geographic Information System Acquisition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Davidson AR. Computerized physician order entry: An outlook on successful implementation among ambulatory care settings. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
[1]
Kenigsberg B. Bugs. New York Times 2017:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Sexual Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Sex. Med.
ISSN (print)1743-6095
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine
Urology

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