How to format your references using the The Journal of Sexual Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Sexual Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Weaver AJ. Climate change. Toward the second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol. Science 2011;332:795–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Dove W, Susman M. Retrospective. James F. Crow (1916-2012). Science 2012;335:812.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Martincorena I, Seshasayee ASN, Luscombe NM. Evidence of non-random mutation rates suggests an evolutionary risk management strategy. Nature 2012;485:95–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Fleitmann D, Burns SJ, Mudelsee M, Neff U, Kramers J, Mangini A, et al. Holocene forcing of the Indian monsoon recorded in a stalagmite from southern Oman. Science 2003;300:1737–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stidwill D, Fletcher R. Normal Binocular Vision. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Artho C, Ölveczky PC, editors. Formal Techniques for Safety-Critical Systems: Second International Workshop, FTSCS 2013, Queenstown, New Zealand, October 29--30, 2013. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 419. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Isabelle AD, Valle NZ. Engineering. In: Valle NZ, editor. Inspiring STEM Minds: Biographies and Activities for Elementary Classrooms, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2016, p. 103–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Sexual Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Failure In Real Science Is Good – And Different From Phony Controversies. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/failure-real-science-good-and-different-phony-controversies/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Indian Affairs: Management Challenges Continue to Hinder Efforts to Improve Indian Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Blackmar MD. Wagner domesticated, Wagner democratized: The parlor reception of Musikdrama. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
MONICA KELLY; Monica Kelly lives in Larchmont. Three Crows Cause a Neighbor to Take Flights of Fancy. New York Times 1988:12WC32.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Sexual Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Sex. Med.
ISSN (print)1743-6095
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine
Urology

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