How to format your references using the Metabolism Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolism Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Reich ES. Online reputations: Best face forward. Nature 2011;473:138–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wolff S, Dillin A. Cell biology: The stressful influence of microbes. Nature 2014;508:328–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Minamimoto T, Hori Y, Kimura M. Complementary process to response bias in the centromedian nucleus of the thalamus. Science 2005;308:1798–801.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Chabrière E, Vernède X, Guigliarelli B, Charon MH, Hatchikian EC, Fontecilla-Camps JC. Crystal structure of the free radical intermediate of pyruvate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase. Science 2001;294:2559–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Lincoln NB, Kneebone II, Macniven JAB, Morris RC. Psychological Management of Stroke. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Naboni R. Advanced Customization in Architectural Design and Construction. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Shultz L. Engaged Scholarship in a Time of the Corporatization of the University and Distrust of the Public Sphere. In: Shultz L, Kajner T, editors. Engaged Scholarship: The Politics of Engagement and Disengagement, Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2013, p. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolism Open.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Tiny Worms Get Around Using Slug Guts And Poop. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Rail Security: TSA Improved Risk Assessment but Could Further Improve Training and Information Sharing. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lord V. Defining eating disorder recovery: A qualitative approach. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Looking the Part of a Mets Starter, a Rookie Delivers. New York Times 2016:SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolism Open
ISSN (print)2589-9368
Scope

Other styles