How to format your references using the Metabolism Open citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Metabolism Open. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Zon LI. Intrinsic and extrinsic control of haematopoietic stem-cell self-renewal. Nature 2008;453:306–13.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sheppard SS, Jewitt DC. An abundant population of small irregular satellites around Jupiter. Nature 2003;423:261–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Ringstad N, Abe N, Horvitz HR. Ligand-gated chloride channels are receptors for biogenic amines in C. elegans. Science 2009;325:96–100.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Rehmann H, Arias-Palomo E, Hadders MA, Schwede F, Llorca O, Bos JL. Structure of Epac2 in complex with a cyclic AMP analogue and RAP1B. Nature 2008;455:124–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Thiselton AC. 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
[1]
Reale E, Primeri E, editors. The Transformation of University Institutional and Organizational Boundaries. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Platen E, Bruti-Liberati N. Introduction to Scenario Simulation. In: Bruti-Liberati N, editor. Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations with Jumps in Finance, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010, p. 233–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Metabolism Open.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Scientists Think They May Have Solved The Siberian Crater Mystery. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/scientists-think-they-may-have-solved-siberian-crater-mystery/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. NASA Chief Information Officer: Opportunities to Strengthen Information Resources Management. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Evans B. An integrated program for homeless adults with co-occurring mental and subtance use disorders: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Kremlin’s Man Wins Post Near Chechnya. New York Times 2002:A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMetabolism Open
ISSN (print)2589-9368
Scope

Other styles