How to format your references using the Frontiers in Veterinary Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Veterinary Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alroy J. The shifting balance of diversity among major marine animal groups. Science (2010) 329:1191–1194.
A journal article with 2 authors
Frenking G, Holzmann N. Chemistry. A boron-boron triple bond. Science (2012) 336:1394–1395.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buckling A, Wills MA, Colegrave N. Adaptation limits diversification of experimental bacterial populations. Science (2003) 302:2107–2109.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ramachandran N, Hainsworth E, Bhullar B, Eisenstein S, Rosen B, Lau AY, Walter JC, LaBaer J. Self-assembling protein microarrays. Science (2004) 305:86–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bouchet O. Wireless Optical Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc (2012).
An edited book
Chong I, Kawahara K eds. Information Networking. Advances in Data Communications and Wireless Networks: International Conference, ICOIN 2006, Sendai, Japan, January 16-19, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (2006).
A chapter in an edited book
Ignatova T, Bruder I. “Utilizing a Multimedia UML Framework for an Image Database Application,” in Perspectives in Conceptual Modeling: ER 2005 Workshops AOIS, BP-UML, CoMoGIS, eCOMO, and QoIS, Klagenfurt, Austria, October 24-28, 2005. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. J. Akoka, S. W. Liddle, I.-Y. Song, M. Bertolotto, I. Comyn-Wattiau, W.-J. van D. Heuvel, M. Kolp, J. Trujillo, C. Kop, H. C. Mayr (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 23–32.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Veterinary Science.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Check Out This Cool Footage Of Dust Devils Tearing Across Mars. IFLScience (2017) Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Direct Student Loans: The Department of Education’s Implementation of Direct Lending. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1993).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pookcharoen S. Metacognitive online reading strategies among Thai EFL university students. (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. QUICK BITE: Garwood; An Argument for a Pie Safe. New York Times (2005)14NJ19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Veterinary Science
AbbreviationFront. Vet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2297-1769

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