How to format your references using the Human Resource Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D. (2008). 'US election: Not the best advice', Nature, 455: 7212, 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fradkin, E., & Kivelson, S. A. (2010). 'Physics. Electron nematic phases proliferate', Science (New York, N.Y.), 327: 5962, 155–156.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstein, M., Lan, N., & Jansen, R. (2002). 'Proteomics. Integrating interactomes', Science (New York, N.Y.), 295: 5553, 284–287.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, C.-G., Yi, C., Duguid, E. M., Sullivan, C. T., Jian, X., Rice, P. A., & He, C. (2008). 'Crystal structures of DNA/RNA repair enzymes AlkB and ABH2 bound to dsDNA', Nature, 452: 7190, 961–965.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, C. (2014). An Introduction to LTE: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bredies, K., Clason, C., Kunisch, K., & Winckel, G. von (Eds.). (2013). Control and Optimization with PDE Constraints, International Series of Numerical Mathematics (Vol. 164): Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiong, N., & Funk, P. (2016). 'Towards a Probabilistic Method for Longitudinal Monitoring in Health Care', In M. U. Ahmed, S. Begum, & W. Raad (eds), Internet of Things Technologies for HealthCare: Third International Conference, HealthyIoT 2016, Västerås, Sweden, October 18-19, 2016, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering (pp. 30–35), Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Management Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 12). 'Touch Is The Sense We Understand The Least – But Maybe Not For Much Longer', IFLScience, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). Information on the Labor Department’s Skill Training Improvement Program, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wellman, T. E. (2017). Employment Discrimination against Military Spouses: Illegal Contrary to Popular Belief and PracticeDoctoral dissertation, , Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. (2013, December 8). 'A Holiday Gift Guide To a Library of Books With Local Connections', New York Times, A33B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Fradkin & Kivelson, 2010; Goldston, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fradkin & Kivelson, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Gerstein, Lan, & Jansen, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Management Journal
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0954-5395
ISSN (online)1748-8583
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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