How to format your references using the Human Resource Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levitin, C. (2000). 'Russian PM supports science', Nature, 405: 6785, 384.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugita, M., & Shiba, Y. (2005). 'Genetic tracing shows segregation of taste neuronal circuitries for bitter and sweet', Science (New York, N.Y.), 309: 5735, 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Srinivasan, V., Pierik, A. J., & Lill, R. (2014). 'Crystal structures of nucleotide-free and glutathione-bound mitochondrial ABC transporter Atm1', Science (New York, N.Y.), 343: 6175, 1137–1140.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Stohr, J., Samant, M. G., Luning, J., Callegari, A. C., Chaudhari, P., Doyle, J. P., … Speidell, J. L. (2001). 'Liquid crystal alignment on carbonaceous surfaces with orientational order', Science (New York, N.Y.), 292: 5525, 2299–2302.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitetta, G. M., Taylor, D. P., Colavolpe, G., Pancaldi, F., & Martin, P. A. (2013). Wireless Communications: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schneider, P. M. (Ed.). (2010). Adenocarcinoma of the Esophagogastric Junction, Recent Results in Cancer Research (Vol. 182): Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Horváth, L., & Rudas, I. J. (2015). 'Intelligent Content for Product Definition in RFLP Structure', In H. Fujita & A. Selamat (eds), Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques: 13th International Conference, SoMeT 2014, Langkawi, Malaysia, September 22-24, 2014. Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science (pp. 55–70), Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Management Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, May 29). 'New York Males Have More Aggressive Sperm', IFLScience, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Protest of Proposal Rejection, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Britigan, D. H. (2009). Health information sources and health literacy levels of Latinos in a midwestern tri -state areaDoctoral dissertation, , Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002, October 6). 'Transfer Finds Home At Manhattan College', New York Times, 88.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levitin, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Levitin, 2000; Sugita & Shiba, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sugita & Shiba, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Srinivasan, Pierik, & Lill, 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Stohr et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Management Journal
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0954-5395
ISSN (online)1748-8583
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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