How to format your references using the Human Resource Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moore, A. (2008). 'Science teaching must evolve', Nature, 453: 7191, 31–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Battisti, D. S., & Naylor, R. L. (2009). 'Historical warnings of future food insecurity with unprecedented seasonal heat', Science (New York, N.Y.), 323: 5911, 240–244.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ding, W. W., Murray, F., & Stuart, T. E. (2006). 'Gender differences in patenting in the academic life sciences', Science (New York, N.Y.), 313: 5787, 665–667.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ajami, D., Oeckler, O., Simon, A., & Herges, R. (2003). 'Synthesis of a Möbius aromatic hydrocarbon', Nature, 426: 6968, 819–821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stamp, M. (2011). Information Security: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gallotti, M., & Michael, J. (Eds.). (2014). Perspectives on Social Ontology and Social Cognition, Studies in the Philosophy of Sociality (Vol. 4): Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Miyazawa, T., & Nishine, H. (2013). 'Evaluating Outcomes After Interventional Procedures', In J. P. Díaz-Jimenez & A. N. Rodriguez (eds), Interventions in Pulmonary Medicine (pp. 71–77), New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Management Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, July 27). 'The Oldest Known Living Organisms In The World', IFLScience, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). National Airspace System: Review of FAA’s Spending for Operations, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Biermann, J. L. (2009). The distribution of Callinectes sapidus megalopae at the mouths of Chesapeake and Delaware Bays: Implications for larval ingressDoctoral dissertation, , College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Braffet, K. (2016, April 17). 'Wonder Women in Manhattan', New York Times, BR12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Moore, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Battisti & Naylor, 2009; Moore, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Battisti & Naylor, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Ding, Murray, & Stuart, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ajami, Oeckler, Simon, & Herges, 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Management Journal
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0954-5395
ISSN (online)1748-8583
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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