How to format your references using the Human Resource Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Covington, W. W. (2000). 'Helping western forests heal', Nature, 408: 6809, 135–136.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thornton, A., & McAuliffe, K. (2006). 'Teaching in wild meerkats', Science (New York, N.Y.), 313: 5784, 227–229.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ta, V. D., Chen, R., & Sun, H. D. (2013). 'Tuning whispering gallery mode lasing from self-assembled polymer droplets', Scientific reports, 3, 1362.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
von Dohlen, C. D., Kohler, S., Alsop, S. T., & McManus, W. R. (2001). 'Mealybug beta-proteobacterial endosymbionts contain gamma-proteobacterial symbionts', Nature, 412: 6845, 433–436.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin, E. (2013). Investigative Computer Forensics: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shen, W., Luo, J., Lin, Z., Barthès, J.-P. A., & Hao, Q. (Eds.). (2007). Computer Supported Cooperative Work in Design III: 10th International Conference, CSCWD 2006, Nanjing, China, May 3-5, 2006, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Vol. 4402): Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alt, H., Bodlaender, H., van Kreveld, M., Rote, G., & Tel, G. (2007). 'Wooden Geometric Puzzles: Design and Hardness Proofs', In P. Crescenzi, G. Prencipe, & G. Pucci (eds), Fun with Algorithms: 4th International Conference, FUN 2007, Castiglioncello, Italy, June 3-5, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (pp. 16–29), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Management Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 17). 'What’s The Best Way To Go To The Toilet – Squatting Or Sitting?', IFLScience, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Telecommunications: Concerns Regarding the Structure and FCC’s Management of the E-Rate Program, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen, M. S. (2014). Emergency shelter for abused and neglected elders A grant proposal projectDoctoral dissertation, , Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joseph, Y. (2017, September 2). 'Passage Home for a Pioneer’s House', New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Covington, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Covington, 2000; Thornton & McAuliffe, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thornton & McAuliffe, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Ta, Chen, & Sun, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (von Dohlen, Kohler, Alsop, & McManus, 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Management Journal
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0954-5395
ISSN (online)1748-8583
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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