How to format your references using the Human Resource Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chou, C.-P. (2014). 'Network robustness: detecting topological quantum phases', Scientific reports, 4, 7526.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dudin, Y. O., & Kuzmich, A. (2012). 'Strongly interacting Rydberg excitations of a cold atomic gas', Science (New York, N.Y.), 336: 6083, 887–889.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, W. W., Mazor, O., & Wilson, R. I. (2015). 'Thermosensory processing in the Drosophila brain', Nature, 519: 7543, 353–357.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, J., Huang, W., Chua, S. S., Wei, P., & Moore, D. D. (2002). 'Modulation of acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity by the xenobiotic receptor CAR', Science (New York, N.Y.), 298: 5592, 422–424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birla, R. (2014). Introduction to Tissue Engineering: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schultz, B. K. (2015). A Practical Guide to Implementing School-Based Interventions for Adolescents with ADHD, (S. W. Evans, Ed.): Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Costa, E. P., Lorena, A. C., Carvalho, A. C. P. L. F., & Freitas, A. A. (2008). 'Top-Down Hierarchical Ensembles of Classifiers for Predicting G-Protein-Coupled-Receptor Functions', In A. L. C. Bazzan, M. Craven, & N. F. Martins (eds), Advances in Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: Third Brazilian Symposium on Bioinformatics, BSB 2008, Santo André, Brazil, August 28-30, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (pp. 35–46), Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Management Journal.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, August 3). 'Mysterious Lake Appears In The Middle Of The Desert Without Explanation', IFLScience, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1979). New Alien Identification System--Little Help in Stopping Illegal Aliens, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Asare, K. B. (2016). Understanding the Transformational Leadership Practices of Colleges of Education PrincipalsDoctoral dissertation, , Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, S. (2014, November 7). 'Blood in the Tracks', New York Times, MM30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chou, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chou, 2014; Dudin & Kuzmich, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dudin & Kuzmich, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Liu, Mazor, & Wilson, 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zhang, Huang, Chua, Wei, & Moore, 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Management Journal
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0954-5395
ISSN (online)1748-8583
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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