How to format your references using the Human Resource Management Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Human Resource Management Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rousselle, T. (2004). 'Recruiters and industry. Dual competencies', Nature, 430: 6998, 488.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ikehara, T., & Kataoka, T. (2013). 'Relation between the helical twist and S-shaped cross section of the lamellar crystals of polyethylene', Scientific reports, 3, 1444.
A journal article with 3 authors
Culley, A. I., Lang, A. S., & Suttle, C. A. (2006). 'Metagenomic analysis of coastal RNA virus communities', Science (New York, N.Y.), 312: 5781, 1795–1798.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kahneman, D., Krueger, A. B., Schkade, D., Schwarz, N., & Stone, A. A. (2006). 'Would you be happier if you were richer? A focusing illusion', Science (New York, N.Y.), 312: 5782, 1908–1910.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Martin, B. R. (2006). Nuclear and Particle Physics: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Avison, D., Kasper, G. M., Pernici, B., Ramos, I., & Roode, D. (Eds.). (2008). Advances in Information Systems Research, Education and Practice: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, TC 8, Information Systems, September 7-10, 2008, Milano, Italy, IFIP – The International Federation for Information Processing (Vol. 274): Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Lin, C. Y.-Y., Edvinsson, L., Chen, J., & Beding, T. (2013). 'Beyond the 2008 Global Financial Crisis', In L. Edvinsson, J. Chen, & T. Beding (eds), National Intellectual Capital and the Financial Crisis in Brazil, Russia, India, China, Korea, and South Africa, SpringerBriefs in Economics (pp. 63–70), New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Human Resource Management Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 20). 'Sea Creatures Will Get Bigger And Bigger (If We Don’t Eat Them First)', IFLScience, IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, .


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). School Facilities: Reported Condition and Costs to Repair Schools Funded by Bureau of Indian Affairs, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amini, B. (2015). Linear Matrix Inequality Method for Periodic SystemsDoctoral dissertation, , Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, February 2). 'An Attack’s Fresh Resonance', New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rousselle, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ikehara & Kataoka, 2013; Rousselle, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ikehara & Kataoka, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Culley, Lang, & Suttle, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kahneman, Krueger, Schkade, Schwarz, & Stone, 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleHuman Resource Management Journal
AbbreviationHum. Resour. Manag. J.
ISSN (print)0954-5395
ISSN (online)1748-8583
ScopeOrganizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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