How to format your references using the The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Triendl R. Japan sets tissue donor guidelines. Nature. 2000 Apr 6;404(6778):529.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Willenbring JK, von Blanckenburg F. Long-term stability of global erosion rates and weathering during late-Cenozoic cooling. Nature. 2010 May 13;465(7295):211–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gruber N, Keeling CD, Bates NR. Interannual variability in the North Atlantic Ocean carbon sink. Science. 2002 Dec 20;298(5602):2374–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ferguson AD, Chakraborty R, Smith BS, Esser L, van der Helm D, Deisenhofer J. Structural basis of gating by the outer membrane transporter FecA. Science. 2002 Mar 1;295(5560):1715–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bayor RH. Fiorello La Guardia. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Helal S, Mitra S, Wong J, Chang CK, Mokhtari M, editors. Smart Homes and Health Telematics: 6th International Conference, ICOST 2008 Ames, IA, USA, June 28-July 2, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XV, 220 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5120).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Scharf PM. Rule-Blocking and Forward-Looking Conditions in the Computational Modelling of Pāṇinian Derivation. In: Jha GN, editor. Sanskrit Computational Linguistics: 4th International Symposium, New Delhi, India, December 10-12, 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 48–56. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Staring Into Someone’s Eyes For 10 Minutes Can Alter Your Consciousness [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/brain/you-can-alter-your-mind-staring-someones-eyes-10-minutes/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Additional Funds for Terminating the Super Collider Are Not Justified. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: RCED-94-153.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Cornelius J. Five Minute Meditation Used to Impact Workplace Meetings [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Koblin J. CBS Anchor Bids Farewell, Then Is Asked to Leave. New York Times. 2017 Feb 13;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
AbbreviationJ. Prosthet. Dent.
ISSN (print)0022-3913
ISSN (online)1097-6841
ScopeOral Surgery

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