How to format your references using the Dentomaxillofacial Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Walter MJ. Earth science. A shear pathway to the core. Nature. 2000 Feb 24;403(6772):839–40.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Siekmann AF, Lawson ND. Notch signalling limits angiogenic cell behaviour in developing zebrafish arteries. Nature. 2007 Feb 15;445(7129):781–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wu L-A, Segal D, Brumer P. No-go theorem for ground state cooling given initial system-thermal bath factorization. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1824.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Campbell GK, Mun J, Boyd M, Medley P, Leanhardt AE, Marcassa LG, et al. Imaging the Mott insulator shells by using atomic clock shifts. Science. 2006 Aug 4;313(5787):649–52.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Glasgow LA. Applied Mathematics for Science and Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Musschenga B, van Harskamp A, editors. What Makes Us Moral? On the capacities and conditions for being moral. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. VIII, 352 p. (Library of Ethics and Applied Philosophy; vol. 31).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Silanikove N. Milk Lipoprotein Membranes and Their Imperative Enzymes. In: Bösze Z, editor. Bioactive Components of Milk. New York, NY: Springer; 2008. p. 143–61. (Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dentomaxillofacial Radiology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. What’s The Stickiest Object In The Solar System? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/ceres-could-be-stickiest-object-solar-system/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Examination of Selected Aspects of the Financial Management System of Goddard Space Flight Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1972 Jan. Report No.: 093277.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kang EY. Late Twentieth-Century Piano Concert Etudes: A Style Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Russian Film Studio Sale Is Delayed Yet Again. New York Times. 2005 Mar 18;E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDentomaxillofacial Radiology
AbbreviationDentomaxillofac. Radiol.
ISSN (print)0250-832X
ISSN (online)1476-542X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
General Dentistry

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