How to format your references using the Dentomaxillofacial Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Thorne KS. Classical black holes: the nonlinear dynamics of curved spacetime. Science. 2012 Aug 3;337(6094):536–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Taylor RL, Mittlefehldt DW. Missing martian meteorites. Science. 2000 Oct 13;290(5490):273c–5c.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Richardson JJ, Björnmalm M, Caruso F. Multilayer assembly. Technology-driven layer-by-layer assembly of nanofilms. Science. 2015 Apr 24;348(6233):aaa2491.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Gavrilova O, Marcus-Samuels B, Leon LR, Vinson C, Reitman ML. Leptin and diabetes in lipoatrophic mice. Nature. 2000 Feb 24;403(6772):850; discussion 850-1.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lamattina JL. Devalued and Distrusted. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Hill PM, editor. Logic Based Program Synthesis and Transformation: 15th International Symposium, LOPSTR 2005, London, UK, September 7-9, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. X, 182 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 3901).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Seppen J, Lucius G. Civilians in Military Operations: Blue on Blue? In: Lucius G, Rietjens S, editors. Effective Civil-Military Interaction in Peace Operations: Theory and Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dentomaxillofacial Radiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Scientists Find Evidence For 430,000-year-old Murder. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Automatic Data Processing Problems at the Social Security Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Sep. Report No.: 118089.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Morr R. Age Discrimination: Prejudice Suppression in the Selection Process [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
de la MERCED MJ. Spotify Is Said to Favor Direct Listing on N.Y.S.E. Over Public Offering. New York Times. 2017 May 12;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDentomaxillofacial Radiology
AbbreviationDentomaxillofac. Radiol.
ISSN (print)0250-832X
ISSN (online)1476-542X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
General Dentistry

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