How to format your references using the Dentomaxillofacial Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Dentomaxillofacial Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Northup T. Quantum physics: Squeezed ions in two places at once. Nature. 2015 May 21;521(7552):295–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rohde RA, Muller RA. Cycles in fossil diversity. Nature. 2005 Mar 10;434(7030):208–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sainsbury S, Niesser J, Cramer P. Structure and function of the initially transcribing RNA polymerase II-TFIIB complex. Nature. 2013 Jan 17;493(7432):437–40.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Reguera G, McCarthy KD, Mehta T, Nicoll JS, Tuominen MT, Lovley DR. Extracellular electron transfer via microbial nanowires. Nature. 2005 Jun 23;435(7045):1098–101.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Linder B. Thermodynamics and Introductory Statistical Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Kaklamanis C, Pruhs K, editors. Approximation and Online Algorithms: 11th International Workshop, WAOA 2013, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 5-6, 2013, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. X, 169 p. 20 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8447).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Neubecker KE. Race/Ethnic and Socioeconomic Disparities in Body Mass Index (BMI) and the Resulting Spread of Obesity and “Adult-Onset” Diabetes Epidemics Among Adolescents. In: Ferry RJ Jr, editor. Management of Pediatric Obesity and Diabetes. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011. p. 71–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Dentomaxillofacial Radiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Could measles cure cancer? Uh, not exactly… [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/could-measles-cure-cancer-uh-not-exactly…/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Low-Income and Minority Serving Institutions: Management Attention to Long-standing Concerns Needed to Improve Education’s Oversight of Grant Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009 Aug. Report No.: GAO-09-309.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Shrank SM. ShareOne: An iOS resource application for caseworkers: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B. Time Takes the Sharp Edges Off a Femme Fatale in a David Hare Revival. New York Times. 2016 Oct 24;C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDentomaxillofacial Radiology
AbbreviationDentomaxillofac. Radiol.
ISSN (print)0250-832X
ISSN (online)1476-542X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
General Dentistry

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