How to format your references using the Child Indicators Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child Indicators Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goode, J. (2012). Viticulture: Fruity with a hint of drought. Nature, 492(7429), 351–353.
A journal article with 2 authors
Martin, O. Y., & Hosken, D. J. (2003). The evolution of reproductive isolation through sexual conflict. Nature, 423(6943), 979–982.
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller-Butterworth, C. M., Jacobs, D. S., & Harley, E. H. (2003). Strong population substructure is correlated with morphology and ecology in a migratory bat. Nature, 424(6945), 187–191.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vigne, J.-D., Guilaine, J., Debue, K., Haye, L., & Gérard, P. (2004). Early taming of the cat in Cyprus. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5668), 259.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Frueh, B. C., Grubaugh, A. L., Elhai, J. D., & Ford, J. D. (2012). Assessment and Treatment Planning for PTSD. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Folke, C., Kofinas, G. P., & Chapin, F. S. (Eds.). (2009). Principles of Ecosystem Stewardship: Resilience-Based Natural Resource Management in a Changing World. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, G., Zhang, Q., & Yan, X. (2015). Observer-Based Feedback Stabilization. In Q. Zhang & X. Yan (Eds.), Analysis and Design of Singular Markovian Jump Systems (pp. 161–178). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child Indicators Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 10). New Study Suggests Meditation Can Actually Alter Your Body On A Cellular Level. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Federally Leased Vehicles: Agencies Should Strengthen Assessment Processes to Reduce Underutilized Vehicles (No. GAO-16-136). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Horvath, C. P. (2012). Comparison of waste heat driven and electrically driven cooling systems for a high ambient temperature, off-grid application (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017, September 12). Shifting Focus To Men’s Shoes. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goode 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Goode 2012; Martin and Hosken 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Martin and Hosken 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Vigne et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleChild Indicators Research
AbbreviationChild Indic. Res.
ISSN (print)1874-897X
ISSN (online)1874-8988
ScopeSocial Psychology
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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