How to format your references using the Child Indicators Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Child Indicators Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edenhofer, O. (2015). ENERGY. King Coal and the queen of subsidies. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6254), 1286–1287.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlapbach, L., & Züttel, A. (2001). Hydrogen-storage materials for mobile applications. Nature, 414(6861), 353–358.
A journal article with 3 authors
Penner, J. E., Rotstayn, L. D., & Crowley, T. J. (2000). Indirect aerosol forcing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5491), 407a.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Makohon-Moore, A. P., Matsukuma, K., Zhang, M., Reiter, J. G., Gerold, J. M., Jiao, Y., et al. (2018). Precancerous neoplastic cells can move through the pancreatic ductal system. Nature, 561(7722), 201–205.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz, R. G. (2009). Environmental Calculations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
McDermott, E. (2016). Queer Youth, Suicide and Self-Harm: Troubled Subjects, Troubling Norms. (K. Roen, Ed.). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Dreger, A. D. (2006). Intersex and Human Rights: The Long View. In S. E. Sytsma (Ed.), Ethics and Intersex (pp. 73–86). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Child Indicators Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 27). In Defence Of Ecovillages: The Communities That Can Teach The World To Live Sustainably. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Federal Research: Final Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider (No. RCED-89-129BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCain, A. K. (2015). Influence of market setting and time of purchase on counts of aerobic bacteria, Escherichia coli, and coliform and prevalence of Salmonella and Listeria in beef, pork, and chicken in Vietnam (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, September 8). Toys, Manolos and Tennis Champs. New York Times, p. AR72.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edenhofer 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Edenhofer 2015; Schlapbach and Züttel 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schlapbach and Züttel 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Makohon-Moore et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleChild Indicators Research
AbbreviationChild Indic. Res.
ISSN (print)1874-897X
ISSN (online)1874-8988
ScopeSocial Psychology
Health(social science)
Sociology and Political Science

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