How to format your references using the Israel Medical Association Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Israel Medical Association Journal (IMAJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lüthi M. Geophysics. Gauging Greenland’s subglacial water. Science 2013; 341 (6147):721–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nemoto S, Finkel T. Redox regulation of forkhead proteins through a p66shc-dependent signaling pathway. Science 2002; 295 (5564):2450–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jiang K, Li Q, Fan S. Nanotechnology: spinning continuous carbon nanotube yarns. Nature 2002; 419 (6909):801.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Roach JC, Glusman G, Smit AFA, et al. Analysis of genetic inheritance in a family quartet by whole-genome sequencing. Science 2010; 328 (5978):636–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wallgren A, Wallgren B. Register-Based Statistics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
1. Rockman M, Flatman J eds. Archaeology in Society: Its Relevance in the Modern World. New York, NY: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Macleod AM. Free Speech, Equal Opportunity, and Justice. In: Golash D, ed. Freedom of Expression in a Diverse World. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010:57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Israel Medical Association Journal.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. Organic Molecules That Glow At Room Temperature Make Energy-Efficient Lights. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: New Regulations for Deicing Aircraft Could Be Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Banks GM. The revolution will not be gender-ized. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. For Musial, A Birthday And A Medal. New York Times. November 21, 2010:SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIsrael Medical Association Journal
ISSN (print)1565-1088

Other styles