How to format your references using the Israel Medical Association Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Israel Medical Association Journal (IMAJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kung C. A possible unifying principle for mechanosensation. Nature 2005; 436 (7051):647–54.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sanchez A, Golding I. Genetic determinants and cellular constraints in noisy gene expression. Science 2013; 342 (6163):1188–93.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Polley DB, Kvasnák E, Frostig RD. Naturalistic experience transforms sensory maps in the adult cortex of caged animals. Nature 2004; 429 (6987):67–71.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ricardo A, Carrigan MA, Olcott AN, Benner SA. Borate minerals stabilize ribose. Science 2004; 303 (5655):196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Kuus M. Geopolitics and Expertise. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
An edited book
1. Honda N. Virtual Turning Points. (Kawai T, Takei Y, eds.). Tokyo: Springer Japan, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. McMillan DB. Oviducts and Oviparity. In: McMillan DB, ed. Fish Histology: Female Reproductive Systems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2007:335–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Israel Medical Association Journal.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Seals With Sensors on Their Heads Record Ocean Data in Harsh, Icy Waters. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Problems in Regulating Selected Vaccines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hudson KR. Student perception of teachers’ National Council for the Accreditation of Teacher Education and California Commission on Teacher Credentialing dispositions. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. For Roosevelt Schools, New Year and New Woes. New York Times. September 16, 2006:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIsrael Medical Association Journal
ISSN (print)1565-1088

Other styles