How to format your references using the Israel Medical Association Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Israel Medical Association Journal (IMAJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Clapham DE. Signal transduction. Hot and cold TRP ion channels. Science 2002; 295 (5563):2228–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chaine AS, Lyon BE. Adaptive plasticity in female mate choice dampens sexual selection on male ornaments in the lark bunting. Science 2008; 319 (5862):459–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kaczmarczyk A, Vorholt JA, Francez-Charlot A. Synthetic vanillate-regulated promoter for graded gene expression in Sphingomonas. Sci Rep 2014; 4:6453.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Zhao L, Miao L, Liu C, et al. Solution-processed VO2-SiO2 composite films with simultaneously enhanced luminous transmittance, solar modulation ability and anti-oxidation property. Sci Rep 2014; 4:7000.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Narang RK. Inside the Black Box. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
1. Vermeir K, Regier J eds. Boundaries, Extents and Circulations: Space and Spatiality in Early Modern Natural Philosophy. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Park J-K, Kim MK. Teaching and Learning of EIL in Korean Culture and Context. In: Marlina R, Giri RA, eds. The Pedagogy of English as an International Language: Perspectives from Scholars, Teachers, and Students. English Language Education. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014:47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Israel Medical Association Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Watch A Katana-Wielding Robot Battle A Human Samurai Sword Master. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Cooperative Extension Service’s Mission and Federal Role Need Congressional Clarification. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Day C. Medication-assisted treatment: Education for those who assist in the treatment of substance use disorders curriculum development. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hubbard B, Schmitt E, Mazzetti M. Ousted Saudi Prince Said To Be Confined to Palace. New York Times. June 29, 2017:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIsrael Medical Association Journal
ISSN (print)1565-1088

Other styles