How to format your references using the Israel Medical Association Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Israel Medical Association Journal (IMAJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Neylon C. Science publishing: Open access must enable open use. Nature 2012; 492 (7429):348–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Nowak MA, Sigmund K. Evolutionary dynamics of biological games. Science 2004; 303 (5659):793–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Turney CSM, Roberts RG, Jacobs Z. Archaeology: progress and pitfalls in radiocarbon dating. Nature 2006; 443 (7108):E3; discussion E4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Li D, Yan Z, Lu L, Jiang H, Wang W. Pleiotropy of the de novo-originated gene MDF1. Sci Rep 2014; 4:7280.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wuestenberg K. Clinical Small Animal Care. Ames, Iowa, USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
1. Raman C, Goldsmith MR, Agunbiade TA eds. Short Views on Insect Genomics and Proteomics: Insect Proteomics, Vol.2. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li W, Meng W, Kwok L-F. Design of Intrusion Sensitivity-Based Trust Management Model for Collaborative Intrusion Detection Networks. In: Zhou J, Gal-Oz N, Zhang J, Gudes E, eds. Trust Management VIII: 8th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2014, Singapore, July 7-10, 2014. Proceedings. IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014:61–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Israel Medical Association Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Secrets Behind Beetle’s Explosive Properties Revealed. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. ADP Acquisitions: No Improper Actions Found on IRS’ Contract for Data Retrieval System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nevitt DS. Organic Geochemical Proxies as Indicators of Paleoenvironmental Conditions and Source Sediment Provenance in the Chenier Plain, Vermilion and Cameron Parishes, Louisiana, USA. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Saslow L. Few Voters Show Up to Elect Two Democrats. New York Times. April 1, 2007:LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIsrael Medical Association Journal
ISSN (print)1565-1088

Other styles