How to format your references using the Israel Medical Association Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Israel Medical Association Journal (IMAJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sloan ED Jr. Fundamental principles and applications of natural gas hydrates. Nature 2003; 426 (6964):353–63.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sachs MS, Geballe AP. Biochemistry. Sense and sensitivity--controlling the ribosome. Science 2002; 297 (5588):1820–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hung C-L, Gurarie V, Chin C. From cosmology to cold atoms: observation of Sakharov oscillations in a quenched atomic superfluid. Science 2013; 341 (6151):1213–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Greene E, Lyon BE, Muehter VR, Ratcliffe L, Oliver SJ, Boag PT. Disruptive sexual selection for plumage coloration in a passerine bird. Nature 2000; 407 (6807):1000–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Lueder E. 3D Displays. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2011.
An edited book
1. Patterson M, Hoalst-Pullen N eds. The Geography of Beer: Regions, Environment, and Societies. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tosi A, Olier I, Vellido A. Probability Ridges and Distortion Flows: Visualizing Multivariate Time Series Using a Variational Bayesian Manifold Learning Method. In: Villmann T, Schleif F-M, Kaden M, Lange M, eds. Advances in Self-Organizing Maps and Learning Vector Quantization: Proceedings of the 10th International Workshop, WSOM 2014, Mittweida, Germany, July, 2-4, 2014. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014:55–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Israel Medical Association Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Unusual triple star system may test some of Einstein’s theories. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Child Care and Early Childhood Education: More Information Sharing and Program Review by HHS Could Enhance Access for Families with Limited English Proficiency (Vietnamese Version). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Herrlich A. Transparency and medical interventions in vital statistics reports: Quantitative research and analysis. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. T. I. Zaslavskaya, 86; Advised Gorbachev. New York Times. September 4, 2013:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIsrael Medical Association Journal
ISSN (print)1565-1088

Other styles