How to format your references using the Israel Medical Association Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Israel Medical Association Journal (IMAJ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Morsink S. ASTROPHYSICS: Signs of Extreme Gravity. Science 2000; 290 (5493):945–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kalcheim C, Rohrer H. Neuroscience. Following the same nerve track toward different cell fates. Science 2014; 345 (6192):32–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Laland KN, Odling-Smee J, Feldman MW. Causing a commotion. Nature 2004; 429 (6992):609.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jordt S-E, Bautista DM, Chuang H-H, et al. Mustard oils and cannabinoids excite sensory nerve fibres through the TRP channel ANKTM1. Nature 2004; 427 (6971):260–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rigo M. Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
1. Li H ed. Radiology of Infectious Diseases: Volume 2. 1st ed. 2015. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Achterbergh J, Vriens D. The Social “arche,” Organizations as Social Systems: Luhmann. In: Vriens D, ed. Organizations: Social Systems Conducting Experiments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2010:117–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Israel Medical Association Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Nanotechnology Could Make Our Food Tastier And Healthier – But Can We Stomach It? IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Progress Being Made, but Long-term Attention Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chen MS. Emergency shelter for abused and neglected elders A grant proposal project. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. St. John Kelly E. Building a Business, Quarter by Quarter. New York Times. May 17, 1998:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIsrael Medical Association Journal
ISSN (print)1565-1088

Other styles