How to format your references using the The Journal of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kontos T (2011). Quantum physics: single electrons take the bus. Nature 477, 414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bays PM & Husain M (2009). Response to Comment on “Dynamic Shifts of Limited Working Memory Resources in Human Vision.” Science 323, 877.
A journal article with 3 authors
AbdAlla S, Lother H & Quitterer U (2000). AT1-receptor heterodimers show enhanced G-protein activation and altered receptor sequestration. Nature 407, 94–98.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Simonetti A, Marzi S, Myasnikov AG, Fabbretti A, Yusupov M, Gualerzi CO & Klaholz BP (2008). Structure of the 30S translation initiation complex. Nature 455, 416–420.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dean JR (2005). Practical Inductively Coupled Plasma Spectroscopy: Dean/Plasma. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Guder LF ed. (2009). The Administration of Debt Relief by the International Financial Institutions: A Legal Reconstruction of the HIPC Initiative. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Okuno E & Fratin L (2014). Rotations. In Biomechanics of the Human Body, ed. Fratin L, Undergraduate Lecture Notes in Physics, pp. 59–75. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physiology.

Blog post
Davis J (2016). New Gene Therapy For Treating Genetic Blindness Offers Hope For Cure. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). NASA: Challenges in Completing and Sustaining the International Space Station. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bernstine JT (2015). Experiences of Students Transferring from Community and Technical Colleges to a Private Nonprofit University (Doctoral dissertation thesis). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF (2010). Superman’s Debut Comic Sells For $1 Million. New York TimesC2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kontos, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bays & Husain, 2009; Kontos, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bays & Husain, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Simonetti et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-3751
ISSN (online)1469-7793

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