How to format your references using the The Journal of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Aldiss BW (2001). Desperately seeking aliens. Nature 409, 1080–1082.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenwood B & Owusu-Agyei S (2012). Epidemiology. Malaria in the post-genome era. Science 338, 49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tiberti MM, Basili R & Vannoli P (2014). Ups and downs in western Crete (Hellenic subduction zone). Sci Rep 4, 5677.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Kim K et al. (2010). Epigenetic memory in induced pluripotent stem cells. Nature 467, 285–290.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) (2011). Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Truong LD (2009). Frozen Section Library: Genitourinary Tracted. Shen SS & Ro JY. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Ashy M, Planje E, Al-Obaidi AK, Smith L, Yassour-Boroschowitz D, Desivilya HS, Smith K, Jeffrey L, Tastle W, Turan F, Yalcinkaya A & Youssef R (2013). Definitions of War, Torture, and Terrorism in the Middle East. In International Handbook of War, Torture, and Terrorism, ed. Malley-Morrison K, McCarthy S & Hines D, pp. 63–79. Springer, New York, NY.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015). Hefty Hedgehog Freed from Railings After Becoming Trapped Overnight. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987). Hazardous Weather Detection and Warning Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee Y (2017). Lexical Stress Features Affecting the Recognition of English Loanwords in Korean by Native English Hearers (Doctoral dissertation thesis). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM & Ember S (2017). Wall Street Journal Fires Reporter With Connections to Aviation Tycoon. New York TimesB4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eberl, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Voorhees, 2006; Colombo, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenwood & Owusu-Agyei, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Gerber et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-3751
ISSN (online)1469-7793

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