How to format your references using the The Journal of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levinger NE (2002). Chemistry. Water in confinement. Science 298, 1722–1723.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jetz W & Rahbek C (2002). Geographic range size and determinants of avian species richness. Science 297, 1548–1551.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernasconi NL, Traggiai E & Lanzavecchia A (2002). Maintenance of serological memory by polyclonal activation of human memory B cells. Science 298, 2199–2202.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Lu W, Ji Z, Pfeiffer L, West KW & Rimberg AJ (2003). Real-time detection of electron tunnelling in a quantum dot. Nature 423, 422–425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adams F & Aizawa K (2010). The Bounds of Cognition. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Roth R, Frost EAM, Gevirtz C & Atcheson CLH eds. (2015). The Role of Anesthesiology in Global Health: A Comprehensive Guide. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim D-W, Agrawal GK, Rakwal R, Ahmed S & Rohila JS (2014). Genomic Methods for Improving Abiotic Stress Tolerance in Crops. In Plant Biotechnology: Experience and Future Prospects, ed. Ricroch A, Chopra S & Fleischer SJ, pp. 35–42. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015). First Video Of Genet Spotted Riding A Black Rhino. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Higher Education: Tuition Continues to Rise, but Patterns Vary by Institution Type, Enrollment, and Educational Expenditures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevens W (2010). Using emotional intelligence as a leadership strategy to make good leaders great (Doctoral dissertation thesis). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017). Harvey and the Mets Struggle Again. New York TimesB9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Levinger, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Jetz & Rahbek, 2002; Levinger, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jetz & Rahbek, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-3751
ISSN (online)1469-7793

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