How to format your references using the The Journal of Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis R (2004). Growth industry. Nature 428, 348–349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shao S & Hegde RS (2014). Cell Biology. Local synthesis and disposal. Science 346, 701–702.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lemieux C, Otis C & Turmel M (2000). Ancestral chloroplast genome in Mesostigma viride reveals an early branch of green plant evolution. Nature 403, 649–652.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
Sekikawa T, Kosuge A, Kanai T & Watanabe S (2004). Nonlinear optics in the extreme ultraviolet. Nature 432, 605–608.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisswanger H (2005). Enzymkinetik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Horváth L (2012). Inference for Functional Data with Applicationsed. Kokoszka P. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Kitraki E (2014). BPA Effects In Vivo: Evidence from Animal Studies. In Plastics in Dentistry and Estrogenicity: A Guide to Safe Practice, ed. Eliades T & Eliades G, pp. 89–114. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physiology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2015). 5 Of The Most Earth-Like Planets We’ve Found. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). Public Education: Meeting the Needs of Students With Limited English Proficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hantgan A (2013). Aspects of Bangime Phonology, Morphology, and Morphosyntax (Doctoral dissertation thesis). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017). Profit or Loss. New York TimesBR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewis, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Lewis, 2004; Shao & Hegde, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shao & Hegde, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Sekikawa et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physiology
AbbreviationJ. Physiol.
ISSN (print)0022-3751
ISSN (online)1469-7793

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