How to format your references using the Applied Soft Computing Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Soft Computing Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
M. Watanabe, Part-time teaching: benefitting as a part-time teacher, Nature. 424 (2003) 110–111.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
J. Rinn, M. Guttman, RNA Function. RNA and dynamic nuclear organization, Science. 345 (2014) 1240–1241.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
I. Osborne, M. Lavine, R. Coontz, Materials for electronics. Looking beyond silicon. Introduction, Science. 327 (2010) 1595.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
A. Fuhrer, S. Lüscher, T. Ihn, T. Heinzel, K. Ensslin, W. Wegscheider, M. Bichler, Energy spectra of quantum rings, Nature. 413 (2001) 822–825.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
N. Cooney, How to Be Great at Doing Good, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
[1]
M.M. Stark, ed., Clinical Forensic Medicine: A Physician’s Guide, 3rd ed., Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
A. Roy Chowdhury, U. Bhattacharya, S.K. Parui, Text Detection of Two Major Indian Scripts in Natural Scene Images, in: M. Iwamura, F. Shafait (Eds.), Camera-Based Document Analysis and Recognition: 4th International Workshop, CBDAR 2011, Beijing, China, September 22, 2011, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 42–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Soft Computing Journal.

Blog post
[1]
D. Andrew, Scientists Remove 12 Centimeter Plastic STRAW From Sea Turtle’s Nose, IFLScience. (2015). https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/sea-turtle-12cm-plastic-straw-stuck-her-nose/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Department of Education Grant Award, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
M.A. DeVito, Facebook Family Values: A News Feed Hierarchy Of Needs, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
S. Kishkovsky, Dmitri Prigov, 66, Poet Who Challenged Soviet Authority, New York Times. (2007) A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Soft Computing Journal
AbbreviationAppl. Soft Comput.
ISSN (print)1568-4946
ScopeSoftware

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