How to format your references using the Addictive Behaviors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addictive Behaviors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koshland, D. E., Jr. (2002). Special essay. The seven pillars of life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5563), 2215–2216.
A journal article with 2 authors
Roderick, M. L., & Farquhar, G. D. (2002). The cause of decreased pan evaporation over the past 50 years. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5597), 1410–1411.
A journal article with 3 authors
Politi, A., Matthews, J. C. F., & O’Brien, J. L. (2009). Shor’s quantum factoring algorithm on a photonic chip. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5945), 1221.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sanchez-Elsner, T., Gou, D., Kremmer, E., & Sauer, F. (2006). Noncoding RNAs of trithorax response elements recruit Drosophila Ash1 to Ultrabithorax. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5764), 1118–1123.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schulman, F. Y. (2016). Veterinarian’s Guide to Maximizing Biopsy Results. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mudacumura, G., & Morçöl, G. (Eds.). (2014). Challenges to Democratic Governance in Developing Countries (Vol. 11). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wall, T., & Perrin, D. (2015). We Know, but Still. In D. Perrin (Ed.), Slavoj Žižek: A Žižekian Gaze at Education (pp. 37–48). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addictive Behaviors.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 6). Vaccine Breakthrough Of 1962 Has Saved 10 Million Lives Globally. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). Small Business Innovation Research: Data Rights Protections (GAO-14-116R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu, C. C. (2012). Charles T. Griffes’s “Roman Sketches”: A performer’s guide [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Myers, S. L. (2013, September 9). Challenger in Race for Moscow Mayor Says He Can Force a Runoff. New York Times, A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koshland, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Koshland, 2002; Roderick & Farquhar, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Roderick & Farquhar, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Politi et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sanchez-Elsner et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddictive Behaviors
AbbreviationAddict. Behav.
ISSN (print)0306-4603
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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