How to format your references using the Addictive Behaviors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addictive Behaviors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Skotheim, J. M. (2009). Cell signaling. To divide or not to divide. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5926), 476–477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barker, S., & Elderfield, H. (2002). Foraminiferal calcification response to glacial-interglacial changes in atmospheric CO2. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5582), 833–836.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshizawa, M., Tamura, M., & Fujita, M. (2006). Diels-alder in aqueous molecular hosts: unusual regioselectivity and efficient catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5771), 251–254.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Miller, N., Estoup, A., Toepfer, S., Bourguet, D., Lapchin, L., Derridj, S., … Guillemaud, T. (2005). Multiple transatlantic introductions of the western corn rootworm. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5750), 992.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang, H. K. (2005). PACS and Imaging Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
de Franchis, R., & Dell’Era, A. (Eds.). (2014). Variceal Hemorrhage. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Vijayaraghavan, S. B. (2007). Abdominal Hernias, Volvulus and Intussusception. In G. Maconi & G. B. Porro (Eds.), Ultrasound of the Gastrointestinal Tract (pp. 35–54). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addictive Behaviors.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, January 4). VISTA Uncovers New Secrets In The Orion Nebula. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). [Comments on Use of Frequent Flyer Credits] (No. B-256481). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Desgens-Martin, V. (2014). High prevalence of carcinoma in California sea lions Zalophus californianus: Evidence of a xenobiotic-induced carcinogenic cascade? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, M. J., & Abrams, R. (2017, May 10). Abercrombie & Fitch in Talks to Sell Itself. New York Times, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Skotheim, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Barker & Elderfield, 2002; Skotheim, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barker & Elderfield, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Yoshizawa, Tamura, & Fujita, 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Miller et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddictive Behaviors
AbbreviationAddict. Behav.
ISSN (print)0306-4603
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

Other styles