How to format your references using the Addictive Behaviors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addictive Behaviors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2003). Chicken flu races through Dutch poultry farms. Nature, 422(6929), 247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bezanilla, F., & Perozo, E. (2002). Structural biology. Force and voltage sensors in one structure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5598), 1562–1563.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wang, B., Chen, J., & Corlett, R. T. (2014). Factors influencing repeated seed movements by scatter-hoarding rodents in an alpine forest. Scientific Reports, 4, 4786.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dong, X., Biswas, A., Süel, K. E., Jackson, L. K., Martinez, R., Gu, H., & Chook, Y. M. (2009). Structural basis for leucine-rich nuclear export signal recognition by CRM1. Nature, 458(7242), 1136–1141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khouw, M. C., & Guthner, M. W. (2016). The Options Edge + Free Trial. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pinna, L. A., & Cohen, P. T. W. (Eds.). (2005). Inhibitors of Protein Kinases and Protein Phosphates (Vol. 167). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Halsnæs, K., Kaspersen, P. S., & Trærup, S. (2016). Climate Change Risks – Methodological Framework and Case Study of Damages from Extreme Events in Cambodia. In J. I. Uitto & R. Shaw (Eds.), Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction (pp. 71–85). Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addictive Behaviors.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 2). Kangaroos Have Five Legs. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Kennedy Space Center: Decision on Photographic Requirements Appears Justified (NSIAD-92-192). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Culumber, J. J. (2017). Physician Practice Survival: The Role of Analytics in Shaping the Future [Doctoral dissertation]. University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, October 15). Dodgers’ Rookie Manager Learns, and Acts, Quickly. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Bezanilla & Perozo, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bezanilla & Perozo, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Wang et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dong et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddictive Behaviors
AbbreviationAddict. Behav.
ISSN (print)0306-4603
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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