How to format your references using the Addictive Behaviors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addictive Behaviors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mouillet, D. (2004). Astronomy. Nearby planetary disks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1982–1983.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vetter, I. R., & Wittinghofer, A. (2001). The guanine nucleotide-binding switch in three dimensions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5545), 1299–1304.
A journal article with 3 authors
El-Ali, J., Sorger, P. K., & Jensen, K. F. (2006). Cells on chips. Nature, 442(7101), 403–411.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bocquet, N., Nury, H., Baaden, M., Le Poupon, C., Changeux, J.-P., Delarue, M., & Corringer, P.-J. (2009). X-ray structure of a pentameric ligand-gated ion channel in an apparently open conformation. Nature, 457(7225), 111–114.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety. (1992). Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Constanda, C., & Harris, P. J. (Eds.). (2011). Integral Methods in Science and Engineering: Computational and Analytic Aspects (1st ed.). Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Kim, S. W., & Sarte, M. A. (2012). Management of Sleep Disorders – Sleep Technology on Surgical Concepts and Instruments. In R. P.-Y. Chiang & S.-C. (jessy) Kang (Eds.), Introduction to Modern Sleep Technology (pp. 71–103). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addictive Behaviors.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 11). Which Countries Consume The Most Antidepressants? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Federal Aviation Administration’s Advanced Automation System Investment (T-IMTEC-88-3). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dilenschneider, A. M. (2010). Refusing to be put aside: Women and the meaning of betrayal [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017, May 15). Climate Scientists Unite With Lawyers to Counter Attacks on Their Efforts. New York Times, A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mouillet, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mouillet, 2004; Vetter & Wittinghofer, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vetter & Wittinghofer, 2001)
  • Three authors: (El-Ali et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bocquet et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddictive Behaviors
AbbreviationAddict. Behav.
ISSN (print)0306-4603
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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