How to format your references using the Addictive Behaviors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Addictive Behaviors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2002). Toxicogenomics gains impetus. Nature, 415(6869), 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schultz, R. M., & Williams, C. J. (2002). The science of ART. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5576), 2188–2190.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kirk, P. D. W., Babtie, A. C., & Stumpf, M. P. H. (2015). SYSTEMS BIOLOGY. Systems biology (un)certainties. Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6259), 386–388.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Costard, F., Forget, F., Mangold, N., & Peulvast, J. P. (2002). Formation of recent martian debris flows by melting of near-surface ground ice at high obliquity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 110–113.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, R. H., & Rodrick, G. E. (2005). Food Safety Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dhalla, N. S., & Chakraborti, S. (Eds.). (2014). Role of Proteases in Cellular Dysfunction (Vol. 8). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Franklin, R. J. M., Zhao, C., Lubetzki, C., & ffrench-Constant, C. (2013). Endogenous Remyelination in the CNS. In I. D. Duncan & R. J. M. Franklin (Eds.), Myelin Repair and Neuroprotection in Multiple Sclerosis (pp. 71–92). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Addictive Behaviors.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, February 10). The Most Distant Galaxy Has Been Discovered. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Geographic Information Systems: Status at Selected Agencies (IMTEC-90-74FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Macy, P. (2017). Underachievement in Gifted Students: Understanding Perceptions of Educational Experiences, Attitudes Toward School, and Teacher Training [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2017, October 12). A Conductor Celebrates Monteverdi’s 450th. New York Times, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon, 2002; Schultz & Williams, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schultz & Williams, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Kirk et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Costard et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAddictive Behaviors
AbbreviationAddict. Behav.
ISSN (print)0306-4603
ScopeMedicine (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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