How to format your references using the Cytotherapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytotherapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q. Pity poor postdocs. Nature 2005;434:540–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Laver G, Garman E. Virology. The origin and control of pandemic influenza. Science 2001;293:1776–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic P, Hallam B, Noyes J. Brilliant whiteness in ultrathin beetle scales. Science 2007;315:348.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Oppenheimer M, O’Neill BC, Webster M, Agrawala S. Climate change. The limits of consensus. Science 2007;317:1505–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly VA. ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. Alexandria, USA: American Counseling Association; 2015.
An edited book
Grandfield J, editor. Light Metals 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Reed CW. The Chemistry and Physics of the Interface Region and Functionalization. In: Nelson JK, editor. Dielectric Polymer Nanocomposites, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010, p. 95–131.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytotherapy.

Blog post
Hale T. Photographer Catches Moment Leopard Drags Big Cat Carcass From Tree And Cannibalizes It. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Telecommunications Readiness Critical, Yet Overall Status Largely Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pelayo AY. A program to increase health literacy for older Latino adults residing in La Habra, California: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Latimer M. Republicans Ignore a Poisoned City. New York Times 2016:A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCytotherapy
ISSN (print)1465-3249
ScopeCancer Research
Cell Biology
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles