How to format your references using the The Journal of Physiological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physiological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2003) Human cloning claim sparks fear of Senate backlash. Nature 421:3
A journal article with 2 authors
Ortiz C, Boyce MC (2008) Materials science. Bioinspired structural materials. Science 319:1053–1054
A journal article with 3 authors
Koga K, Tanaka H, Zeng XC (2000) First-order transition in confined water between high-density liquid and low-density amorphous phases. Nature 408:564–567
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Atkinson PJ, Wise AK, Flynn BO, et al (2014) Viability of long-term gene therapy in the cochlea. Sci Rep 4:4733

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rezg N, Hajej Z, Boschian-Campaner V (2016) Production and Maintenance Optimization Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Motizuki K (2010) Electronic Structure and Magnetism of 3d-Transition Metal Pnictides. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bansal N, Vredeveld T, van der Zwaan R (2014) Approximating Vector Scheduling: Almost Matching Upper and Lower Bounds. In: Pardo A, Viola A (eds) LATIN 2014: Theoretical Informatics: 11th Latin American Symposium, Montevideo, Uruguay, March 31–April 4, 2014. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 47–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physiological Sciences.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) If We Don’t Cut Our Carbon Emissions, This Is What The World Will Look Like By 2100. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Information Technology: Continued Improvements in Investment Oversight and Management Can Yield Billions in Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hau CC (2012) Beliefs of nurse practitioner students toward testicular cancer and teaching testicular self-examinations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Arango T (2017) ISIS, Praising Its ‘Hero Soldier,’ Claims Responsibility for Istanbul Attack. New York Times A4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physiological Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1880-6546
ISSN (online)1880-6562

Other styles