How to format your references using the The Journal of Physiological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physiological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lyon GJ (2012) Personalized medicine: Bring clinical standards to human-genetics research. Nature 482:300–301
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
West PM, Packer C (2002) Sexual selection, temperature, and the lion’s mane. Science 297:1339–1343
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Thompson RJ, Zhou N, MacVicar BA (2006) Ischemia opens neuronal gap junction hemichannels. Science 312:924–927
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Balaban NQ, Merrin J, Chait R, et al (2004) Bacterial persistence as a phenotypic switch. Science 305:1622–1625

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Nakhjiri M, Nakhjiri M (2006) AAA and Network Security for Mobile Access. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Popovskij V (2011) Control and Adaptation in Telecommunication Systems: Mathematical Foundations. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gaberdiel MR, Volpato R (2014) Mathieu Moonshine and Orbifold K3s. In: Kohnen W, Weissauer R (eds) Conformal Field Theory, Automorphic Forms and Related Topics: CFT, Heidelberg, September 19-23, 2011. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 109–141

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physiological Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) Conservationists to Engrave Every Critically Endangered Ploughshare Tortoise. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/conservationists-engrave-every-critically-endangered-ploughshare-tortoise/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2008) Bureau of Indian Education: Improving Interior’s Assistance Would Aid Tribal Groups Developing Academic Accountability Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Le Blanc JD (2017) Helping African American Middle School Students Transition to High School with the New Normal Project: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2007) Cross-Cultural Confections. New York Times NJ6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physiological Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1880-6546
ISSN (online)1880-6562
ScopePhysiology

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