How to format your references using the The Journal of Physiological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physiological Sciences (J Physiol Sci). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinković D (2009) Radiation-pressure mixing of large dust grains in protoplanetary disks. Nature 459:227–229
A journal article with 2 authors
Long MA, Fee MS (2008) Using temperature to analyse temporal dynamics in the songbird motor pathway. Nature 456:189–194
A journal article with 3 authors
Royer DL, Berner RA, Park J (2007) Climate sensitivity constrained by CO2 concentrations over the past 420 million years. Nature 446:530–532
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tang R, Li W-X, Huang W, et al (2013) CO₂-based in-line phase contrast imaging of small intestine in mice. Sci Rep 3:2313

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baldwin P (2010) OSx86. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA
An edited book
Saunders C, Grobelnik M, Gunn S, Shawe-Taylor J (2006) Subspace, Latent Structure and Feature Selection: Statistical and Optimization Perspectives Workshop, SLSFS 2005, Bohinj, Slovenia, February 23-25, 2005, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Broersen J, Brunel J (2008) ‘What I Fail to Do Today, I Have to Do Tomorrow’: A Logical Study of the Propagation of Obligations. In: Sadri F, Satoh K (eds) Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 8th International Workshop, CLIMA VIII, Porto, Portugal, September 10-11, 2007. Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 82–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physiological Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Philae Lander Is Missing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000) School Meal Programs: Few Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness Reported. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Savvas C (2010) Hydroclimate variability and landuse effects on nutrient export from watersheds in the mid-Atlantic United States. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Amid Defensive Woes, Mets Try to Avoid Fumbling an Anticipated Call-Up. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physiological Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1880-6546
ISSN (online)1880-6562

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