How to format your references using the The Journal of Physiological Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physiological Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCaffrey R (2007) Geophysics. The next great earthquake. Science 315:1675–1676
A journal article with 2 authors
Bermingham E, Dick C (2001) Ecology and evolution. The Inga--newcomer or museum antiquity? Science 293:2214–2216
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhai M, Zhao G, Zhang Q (2002) Is the Dongwanzi complex an Archean ophiolite? Science 295:923
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liang W, Shores MP, Bockrath M, et al (2002) Kondo resonance in a single-molecule transistor. Nature 417:725–729

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Myatt GJ, Johnson WP (2011) Making Sense of Data III. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Rubin P, Constine LS, Marks LB (2014) ALERT • Adverse Late Effects of Cancer Treatment: Volume 2: Normal Tissue Specific Sites and Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Boeyens JCA (2013) Covalent Interaction. In: Boeyens JCA, Comba P (eds) Electronic Structure and Number Theory: Bohr’s Boldest Dream. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 93–135

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physiological Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Astronomers Create A “Habitability Index” To Guide Future Exoplanet Studies. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1975) Improved Planning--A Must Before a Department-Wide Automatic Data Processing System Is Acquired for the Department of Agriculture. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gifford SC (2013) (Re)making men, representing the Caribbean nation: Authorial individuation in works by Fred D’aguiar, Robert Antoni, and Marlon James. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Suffolk Schools to Say Goodbye to DARE. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physiological Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Sci.
ISSN (print)1880-6546
ISSN (online)1880-6562

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