How to format your references using the Current Trauma Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Trauma Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lipkin HJ. The structure of matter. Nature. 2000;406:127.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Pahlevan K, Morbidelli A. Collisionless encounters and the origin of the lunar inclination. Nature. 2015;527:492–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Halazonetis TD, Gorgoulis VG, Bartek J. An oncogene-induced DNA damage model for cancer development. Science. 2008;319:1352–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jaramillo TF, Jørgensen KP, Bonde J, Nielsen JH, Horch S, Chorkendorff I. Identification of active edge sites for electrochemical H2 evolution from MoS2 nanocatalysts. Science. 2007;317:100–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Zhang Y, Wen F, Xiao M. Quantum Control of Multi-Wave Mixing. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1. Han I. Social Innovation and Business in Taiwan. Hou S-T, editor. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Affuso A. The Role of Fixed Assets in Reducing Asymmetric Information. In: Calcagnini G, Saltari E, editors. The Economics of Imperfect Markets: The Effects of Market Imperfections on Economic Decision-Making. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; 2009. p. 91–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Trauma Reports.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. The Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower Peaks TONIGHT [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/watch-eta-aquarid-meteor-shower-cinco-de-mayo/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Distance Education: Improved Data on Program Costs and Guidelines on Quality Assessments Needed to Inform Federal Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Feb. Report No.: GAO-04-279.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Haile MD. A mental health community outreach and education program for Eritrean immigrants: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Planetarium. New York Times. 2017 Aug 10;C7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Trauma Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Trauma Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6096
Scope

Other styles