How to format your references using the Current Trauma Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Trauma Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Zuber MT. Planetary science. Learning to think like Martians. Science. 2003;302:1694–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Moreira D, López-García P. Comment on “The 1.2-megabase genome sequence of Mimivirus.” Science. 2005;308:1114; author reply 1114.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Heil M, Rattke J, Boland W. Postsecretory hydrolysis of nectar sucrose and specialization in ant/plant mutualism. Science. 2005;308:560–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Scott SH, Gribble PL, Graham KM, Cabel DW. Dissociation between hand motion and population vectors from neural activity in motor cortex. Nature. 2001;413:161–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Eggleston B. The ICE Conditions of Contract: Seventh Edition. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
1. Kerschen G, editor. Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 34th IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Pashiardis P, Georgiou M, Georghiou M. Cyprus. In: Scheerens J, editor. Informal Learning of Active Citizenship at School: An International Comparative Study in Seven European Countries. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 51–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Trauma Reports.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Distant Exoplanets Around Other Stars More Likely To Be Ice Giants Like Neptune [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Compensatory Education: Chapter 1 Services Provided to Private Sectarian School Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987 Sep. Report No.: HRD-87-128BR.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Parker DD. Uncovering Three Trumpet Works of Sofia Gubaidulina [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hodara S. Where Art Is in the Air, and in the Ground. New York Times. 2013 Oct 20;WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Trauma Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Trauma Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6096

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