How to format your references using the Current Trauma Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Trauma Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Bordel S. Experimental evidence suggests the existence of evolutionary conserved global operation principles governing microbial metabolism. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3017.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Jellinek AM, Bercovici D. Seismic tremors and magma wagging during explosive volcanism. Nature. 2011;470:522–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Gupta G, Jalil MBA, Liang G. Evaluation of mobility in thin Bi2Se3 topological insulator for prospects of local electrical interconnects. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6838.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Niu F, Silver PG, Daley TM, Cheng X, Majer EL. Preseismic velocity changes observed from active source monitoring at the Parkfield SAFOD drill site. Nature. 2008;454:204–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wilson GP. Managing to the New Regulatory Reality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Griebling TL, editor. Geriatric Urology. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kjøbsted R, Wojtaszewski JFP, Treebak JT. Role of AMP-Activated Protein Kinase for Regulating Post-exercise Insulin Sensitivity. In: Cordero MD, Viollet B, editors. AMP-activated Protein Kinase. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 81–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Trauma Reports.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Patients Struggle To Read Words When Part Of Their Brain Is Shut Down [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Tax System Modernization: IRS’ Challenge for the 21st Century. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Feb. Report No.: IMTEC-90-13.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nguyen LL. Pacific Psychiatric Group: A Business Plan For a Direct Pay Outpatient Psychiatric Practice [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Gasps From the Grandstand After the Invoice Arrives. New York Times. 2011 Apr 10;SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Trauma Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Trauma Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6096

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