How to format your references using the Current Trauma Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Trauma Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Woodhead J. Earth science: Mixing it up in the mantle. Nature. 2015;517:275–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schneider DS, Chambers MC. Microbiology. Rogue insect immunity. Science. 2008;322:1199–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Jiang H, Huang N, Zhu Y. Analysis of wind-blown sand movement over transverse dunes. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7114.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Kasischke KA, Vishwasrao HD, Fisher PJ, Zipfel WR, Webb WW. Neural activity triggers neuronal oxidative metabolism followed by astrocytic glycolysis. Science. 2004;305:99–103.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Massad JJ, Cagna DR, Goodacre CJ, Wicks RA, Ahuja SA. Application of the Neutral Zone in Prosthodontics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
1. Tscheligi M, Obrist M, Lugmayr A, editors. Changing Television Environments: 6th European Conference, EUROITV 2008, Salzburg, Austria, July 3-4, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Medina J, Ojeda-Aciego M, Ruiz-Calviño J. A Fixed-Point Theorem for Multi-valued Functions with an Application to Multilattice-Based Logic Programming. In: Masulli F, Mitra S, Pasi G, editors. Applications of Fuzzy Sets Theory: 7th International Workshop on Fuzzy Logic and Applications, WILF 2007, Camogli, Italy, July 7-10, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 37–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Trauma Reports.

Blog post
1. Andrew D. Genetic Studies Reveal Diversity Of Early Human Populations – And Pin Down When We Left Africa [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter: DOD Plans to Enter Production before Testing Demonstrates Acceptable Performance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006 Mar. Report No.: GAO-06-356.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chhun S. Assessing the role of vacuolar trafficking in fifteen candidate env genes at the late endosome to vacuole interface in S. cerevisiae [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Link K. Letting All the ‘What Ifs’ Out to Play. New York Times. 2016 Aug 5;BR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Trauma Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Trauma Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6096

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