How to format your references using the Current Trauma Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Trauma Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gewin V. The spread of postdoc unions. Nature. 2010;467:739–41.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Christensen ST, Ott CM. Cell signaling. A ciliary signaling switch. Science. 2007;317:330–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Redhu SK, Castronovo M, Nicholson AW. Digital imprinting of RNA recognition and processing on a self-assembled nucleic acid matrix. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2550.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tung J, Primus A, Bouley AJ, Severson TF, Alberts SC, Wray GA. Evolution of a malaria resistance gene in wild primates. Nature. 2009;460:388–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Johansen GA, Jackson P. Radioisotope Gauges for Industrial Process Measurements. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Anagnostou E, Brian J, editors. Clinician’s Manual on Autism Spectrum Disorder. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Li Z. The Application of the Pseudo Random Bit Index Sequence in the Image Encryption Algorithm. In: Jin D, Lin S, editors. Advances in Computer Science, Intelligent System and Environment. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 19–24.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Trauma Reports.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Famous Fossil Embryo Belongs To New Species Of Giant Oviraptor [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA Evacuation Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Jun. Report No.: RCED-93-165R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Garraway OL. A study of the relationship between corporate leaders’ beliefs and the firm’s strategic decisions [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Hollander S. With More Ice Time, Cohen Looks Ahead. New York Times. 2002 Sep 21;D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Trauma Reports
AbbreviationCurr. Trauma Rep.
ISSN (online)2198-6096

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