How to format your references using the Journal of Saudi Chemical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Saudi Chemical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Hochstrasser, Origin and function of ubiquitin-like proteins, Nature. 458 (2009) 422–429.
A journal article with 2 authors
W. Rauch, M. Kleidorfer, Water treatment. Replace contamination, not the pipes, Science. 345 (2014) 734–735.
A journal article with 3 authors
W.M. Hicks, M. Kim, J.E. Haber, Increased mutagenesis and unique mutation signature associated with mitotic gene conversion, Science. 329 (2010) 82–85.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Fisher, E.A. Grice, R.M. Vinton, S.L. Bessling, A.S. McCallion, Conservation of RET regulatory function from human to zebrafish without sequence similarity, Science. 312 (2006) 276–279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Naylor, D. Laverty, J. Mallett, The Royal Marsden Hospital Handbook of Wound Management in Cancer Care, Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
K. Singh, Measures of Positive Psychology: Development and Validation, Springer India, New Delhi, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Kirkwood, Some Notes on Dialogue, in: C. Kirkwood (Ed.), The Persons in Relation Perspective: In Counselling, Psychotherapy and Community Adult Learning, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, 2012: pp. 49–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Saudi Chemical Society.

Blog post
E. Andrew, We may Finally Know why a Flu Vaccine Triggered Narcolepsy, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Railroad Safety: FRA’s Staffing Model Cannot Estimate Inspectors Needed for Safety Mission, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Glazer, Imagining a constructionist game-based pedagogical model: Using tabletop role-playing game creation to enhance literature education in high school English classes, Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Gifts From a Fan Give Cespedes a Lift, New York Times. (2016) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Saudi Chemical Society
AbbreviationJ. Saudi Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)1319-6103
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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