How to format your references using the Journal of Saudi Chemical Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Saudi Chemical Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Lipton, Testing hypotheses: prediction and prejudice, Science. 307 (2005) 219–221.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.S. Fauci, H.D. Marston, PUBLIC HEALTH. Toward an HIV vaccine: A scientific journey, Science. 349 (2015) 386–387.
A journal article with 3 authors
P. Loubeyre, F. Occelli, R. LeToullec, Optical studies of solid hydrogen to 320 GPa and evidence for black hydrogen, Nature. 416 (2002) 613–617.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Yin, Y. Zhang, K. Chen, J. Li, W. Li, P. Tang, H. Zhao, Q. Zhu, X. Bao, D. Ma, Monodispersed bimetallic PdAg nanoparticles with twinned structures: formation and enhancement for the methanol oxidation, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4288.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.W. Sue, Overcoming Our Racism, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2003.
An edited book
S.R. Yang, K. Healey, eds., Gothic Landscapes: Changing Eras, Changing Cultures, Changing Anxieties, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Fukuda, F. Arai, M. Nakajima, Rotational Speed Control of Single Bacterial Flagellar Motor, in: F. Arai, M. Nakajima (Eds.), Micro-Nanorobotic Manipulation Systems and Their Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 137–161.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Saudi Chemical Society.

Blog post
J. Davis, Anti-Vaxxers Fund Study That Finds Zero Link Between Vaccinations And Autism, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Business Continuity and Contingency Planning (Supersedes AIMD-10.1.19), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R.J. Kovacev, Encouraging employee entrepreneurial spirit: A phenomenological case study of a large technology enterprise, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Bruce Finds His Swing by Studying the Stats, New York Times. (2017) B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Saudi Chemical Society
AbbreviationJ. Saudi Chem. Soc.
ISSN (print)1319-6103
ScopeGeneral Chemistry

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