How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weaver, H. A. Not a Rubble Pile? Science 2004, 304 (5678), 1760–1762.
A journal article with 2 authors
Woodroffe, R.; Redpath, S. M. CONSERVATION. When the Hunter Becomes the Hunted. Science 2015, 348 (6241), 1312–1314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoshida, N.; Omukai, K.; Hernquist, L. Protostar Formation in the Early Universe. Science 2008, 321 (5889), 669–671.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Juhás, P.; Cherba, D. M.; Duxbury, P. M.; Punch, W. F.; Billinge, S. J. L. Ab Initio Determination of Solid-State Nanostructure. Nature 2006, 440 (7084), 655–658.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Estampe, D. Supply Chain Performance and Evaluation Models; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
Turányi, T. Analysis of Kinetic Reaction Mechanisms; Tomlin, A. S., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Roth, W.-M.; Radford, L. Re/Thinking the Zone of Proximal Development. In A Cultural-Historical Perspective on Mathematics Teaching and Learning; Roth, W.-M., Radford, L., Eds.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2011; pp 91–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The World’s New Sustainable Development Goals. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Procedures and Policies of the Energy Research and Development Administration; B-187621; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Acosta, J. Building Bridges: A Specialized Training Program for Professionals in School Settings to Address Bullying in LGBTQ Youth: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J. Roz Chast Is New Yorkier Than You. New York Times. October 11, 2017, p MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. C Nanomater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1932-7447
ISSN (online)1932-7455
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Energy
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles