How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C (J. Phys. Chem. C). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyman, S. E. Perspective: Revealing Molecular Secrets. Nature 2014, 508 (7494), S20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Minke, B.; Peters, M. Cell Biology. Rhodopsin as Thermosensor? Science 2011, 331 (6022), 1272–1273.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chang, H. C.; Paek, J.; Kim, D. H. Natural Polymorphisms in C. Elegans HECW-1 E3 Ligase Affect Pathogen Avoidance Behaviour. Nature 2011, 480 (7378), 525–529.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Mi, D.; Li, Z.; Lim, L.; Li, M.; Moissidis, M.; Yang, Y.; Gao, T.; Hu, T. X.; Pratt, T.; Price, D. J.; et al. Early Emergence of Cortical Interneuron Diversity in the Mouse Embryo. Science 2018, 360 (6384), 81–85.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cauvin, C.; Escobar, F.; Serradj, A. Thematic Cartography and Transformations; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2013.
An edited book
Hybrid Learning: Innovation in Educational Practices: 8th International Conference, ICHL 2015, Wuhan, China, July 27-29, 2015, Proceedings; Cheung, S. K. S., Kwok, L.-F., Yang, H., Fong, J., Kwan, R., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 9167.
A chapter in an edited book
Krum, S.; Hevelingen, W. V.; Kero, B.; Turnbull, J.; McCune, J. Scaling Puppet. In Pro Puppet: The Definitive Guide to Selling Abroad Profitably; Hevelingen, W. V., Kero, B., Turnbull, J., McCune, J., Eds.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2013; pp 97–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Where Are The Missing Gravitational Waves? (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Minimum Requirements Are Needed for Colleges and Universities To Justify Research Equipment Purchases; HRD-78-52; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wahid, R. Quality of Life of Cancer Patients Receiving Chemotherapy. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. Using Tall Yellow Globes To Find Elusive Yellow Cabs. New York Times. November 12, 2000, p 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. C Nanomater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1932-7447
ISSN (online)1932-7455
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Energy
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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