How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Paddock, S. Tech.Sight. Optical Sectioning--Slices of Life. Science 2002, 295 (5558), 1319–1321.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xavier, R. J.; Podolsky, D. K. Unravelling the Pathogenesis of Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Nature 2007, 448 (7152), 427–434.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jacobson, T.; Liberati, S.; Mattingly, D. A Strong Astrophysical Constraint on the Violation of Special Relativity by Quantum Gravity. Nature 2003, 424 (6952), 1019–1021.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kim, H. D.; Shay, T.; O’Shea, E. K.; Regev, A. Transcriptional Regulatory Circuits: Predicting Numbers from Alphabets. Science 2009, 325 (5939), 429–432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rhee, M. Y. Wireless Mobile Internet Security; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2013.
An edited book
Managing Critical Infrastructure Risks: Decision Tools and Applications for Port Security; Linkov, I., Wenning, R. J., Kiker, G. A., Eds.; NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Gordon, J. F.; Kramm, R. L. Clinical Trials for IOP-Lowering Devices to Support an FDA Premarket Submission. In Surgical Innovations in Glaucoma; Samples, J. R., Ahmed, I. I. K., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2014; pp 61–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

Blog post
Fang, J. How Much Sleep Do You Really Need? (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation: Regional Distribution of Federal Highway Funds; RCED/HEHS-97-167R; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Enriquez, M. Music Therapy to Hospice Patients of Visiting Nurse Association of Inland Counties: A Grant Proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lardner, G., Jr. No Country for Second Chances. New York Times. November 24, 2010, p A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. C Nanomater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1932-7447
ISSN (online)1932-7455
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Energy
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles