How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baets, R. Photonics: An Ultra-Small Silicon Laser. Nature 2013, 498 (7455), 447–448.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wood, B. J.; Halliday, A. N. The Lead Isotopic Age of the Earth Can Be Explained by Core Formation Alone. Nature 2010, 465 (7299), 767–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, X.; Zhao, J.; Yang, J. Semihydrogenated BN Sheet: A Promising Visible-Light Driven Photocatalyst for Water Splitting. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1858.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Koide, S.; Shibata, K.; Kudoh, T.; Meier, D. L. Extraction of Black Hole Rotational Energy by a Magnetic Field and the Formation of Relativistic Jets. Science 2002, 295 (5560), 1688–1691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Groves, E. The Constant Contact Guide to Email Marketing; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
Chen, L. Global Tea Breeding: Achievements, Challenges and Perspectives; Apostolides, Z., Chen, Z.-M., Eds.; Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Thurlings, M. E.; van Erp, J. B. F.; Brouwer, A.-M.; Werkhoven, P. J. EEG-Based Navigation from a Human Factors Perspective. In Brain-Computer Interfaces: Applying our Minds to Human-Computer Interaction; Tan, D. S., Nijholt, A., Eds.; Human-Computer Interaction Series; Springer: London, 2010; pp 71–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

Blog post
Andrew, E. The Genomic Revolution is Coming – and With it Some Big Dilemmas. IFLScience. (accessed 2018-10-30).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Space Based Infrared System Could Benefit from Technology Insertion Planning; GAO-15-366; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moris, F. A. International Trade in Research and Development Services and the Activity of MNC Subsidiaries. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ganz, C.; Leland, J. Chris Cornell, Frontman for Soundgarden and Audioslave, Dies at 52. New York Times. May 18, 2017, p B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. C Nanomater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1932-7447
ISSN (online)1932-7455
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Energy
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles