How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montgomery, S. L. Newton in Japan. Nature 2001, 411 (6833), 25.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yu, H. K.; Lee, J.-L. Growth Mechanism of Metal-Oxide Nanowires Synthesized by Electron Beam Evaporation: A Self-Catalytic Vapor-Liquid-Solid Process. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6589.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Valkenburgh, B.; Wang, X.; Damuth, J. Cope’s Rule, Hypercarnivory, and Extinction in North American Canids. Science 2004, 306 (5693), 101–104.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hübner, W.; McNerney, G. P.; Chen, P.; Dale, B. M.; Gordon, R. E.; Chuang, F. Y. S.; Li, X.-D.; Asmuth, D. M.; Huser, T.; Chen, B. K. Quantitative 3D Video Microscopy of HIV Transfer across T Cell Virological Synapses. Science 2009, 323 (5922), 1743–1747.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarisky, D. Scriptural Interpretation; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Drought in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions: A Multi-Disciplinary and Cross-Country Perspective; Schwabe, K., Albiac, J., Connor, J. D., Hassan, R. M., Meza González, L., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Kano, M.; Yamashita, Y.; Kugemoto, H. Shape-Based Stiction Detection. In Detection and Diagnosis of Stiction in Control Loops: State of the Art and Advanced Methods; Jelali, M., Huang, B., Eds.; Advances in Industrial Control; Springer: London, 2010; pp 103–113.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Huge Crater Mysteriously Appears In Siberia (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Intermodal Approach to Transportation; 144264; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alexander, R. T. Can the Analytical Hierarchy Process Model Be Effectively Applied in the Prioritization of Information Assurance Defense In-Depth Measures? - A Quantitative Study. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Russians Treat Chechen Children To a Summer Vacation From War. New York Times. July 31, 2001, p A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. C Nanomater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1932-7447
ISSN (online)1932-7455
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Energy
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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