How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cyranoski, D. Malaysia Plans “red Book” in Its Attempts to Go Green. Nature 2005, 436 (7049), 313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brown, M. E.; Funk, C. C. Climate. Food Security under Climate Change. Science 2008, 319 (5863), 580–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schnupp, J. W.; Mrsic-Flogel, T. D.; King, A. J. Linear Processing of Spatial Cues in Primary Auditory Cortex. Nature 2001, 414 (6860), 200–204.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Lelieveld, J.; Bourtsoukidis, E.; Brühl, C.; Fischer, H.; Fuchs, H.; Harder, H.; Hofzumahaus, A.; Holland, F.; Marno, D.; Neumaier, M.; Pozzer, A.; Schlager, H.; Williams, J.; Zahn, A.; Ziereis, H. The South Asian Monsoon-Pollution Pump and Purifier. Science 2018, 361 (6399), 270–273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorsey, J. R. Y-Size Your Business; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2009.
An edited book
Urinary Tract; Andersson, K.-E., Michel, M. C., Eds.; Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Díaz-Fleischer, F.; Piñero, J. C.; Shelly, T. E. Interactions Between Tephritid Fruit Fly Physiological State and Stimuli from Baits and Traps: Looking for the Pied Piper of Hamelin to Lure Pestiferous Fruit Flies. In Trapping and the Detection, Control, and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies: Lures, Area-Wide Programs, and Trade Implications; Shelly, T., Epsky, N., Jang, E. B., Reyes-Flores, J., Vargas, R., Eds.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; pp 145–172.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Schrödinger’s Cat: Explainedödinger’s-cat-explained/ (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Emergency Relief: Reexamination Needed to Address Fiscal Imbalance and Long-Term Sustainability; GAO-07-245; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederique, N. P. The Effectiveness of School Based Intensive Probation for Reducing Recidivism: An Evaluation of Maryland’s Spotlight on Schools Program. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. Harkes Knows the Feeling of Having to Sit Out an Important Match. New York Times. July 6, 2010, p B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. C Nanomater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1932-7447
ISSN (online)1932-7455
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Energy
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles