How to format your references using the The Journal of Physical Chemistry C citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tepass, U. Developmental Biology: Polarize to Elongate. Nature 2014, 515 (7528), 499–501.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vyleta, N. P.; Jonas, P. Loose Coupling between Ca2+ Channels and Release Sensors at a Plastic Hippocampal Synapse. Science 2014, 343 (6171), 665–670.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ragunathan, K.; Jih, G.; Moazed, D. Epigenetics. Epigenetic Inheritance Uncoupled from Sequence-Specific Recruitment. Science 2015, 348 (6230), 1258699.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Gacemi, D.; Mangeney, J.; Colombelli, R.; Degiron, A. Subwavelength Metallic Waveguides as a Tool for Extreme Confinement of THz Surface Waves. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 1369.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F. B. Color Atlas of Local and Systemic Signs of Cardiovascular Disease; Blackwell Publishing Ltd: Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker: Major Texts on Religion; Raiser, K., Ed.; SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 24.
A chapter in an edited book
Farley, R.; Wang, X. Roving Bugnet: Distributed Surveillance Threat and Mitigation. In Emerging Challenges for Security, Privacy and Trust: 24th IFIP TC 11 International Information Security Conference, SEC 2009, Pafos, Cyprus, May 18–20, 2009. Proceedings; Gritzalis, D., Lopez, J., Eds.; IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Physical Chemistry C.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Time-Lapse Video of Lunar Eclipse (accessed Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: GSA Needs to Improve Process for Awarding Task Orders for Local Service; GAO-03-369; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jaime, A. A. “Cockroach Centuries”: The Cockroach Image as the Conduit for the Marginalized Beat Woman and Artist in Elise Cowen’s Cockroach Poetry. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Billard, M. Scouting Report. New York Times. May 20, 2010, p E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Physical Chemistry C
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. C Nanomater. Interfaces
ISSN (print)1932-7447
ISSN (online)1932-7455
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Energy
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles