How to format your references using the Cell Metabolism citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell Metabolism. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fox, A. (2011). Computer science. Cloud computing--what’s in it for me as a scientist? Science 331, 406–407.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keeling, R.F., and Visbeck, M. (2001). Palaeoceanography. Antarctic stratification and glacial CO2. Nature 412, 605–606.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lebedev, S., Chevrot, S., and van der Hilst, R.D. (2002). Seismic evidence for olivine phase changes at the 410- and 660-kilometer discontinuities. Science 296, 1300–1302.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Tanner, L.H., Hubert, J.F., Coffey, B.P., and McInerney, D.P. (2001). Stability of atmospheric CO2 levels across the Triassic/Jurassic boundary. Nature 411, 675–677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ludders, J.W., and McMillan, M. (2016). Errors in Veterinary Anesthesia (John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
Brezinski, C. (2014). André-Louis Cholesky: Mathematician, Topographer and Army Officer D. Tournès, ed. (Springer International Publishing).
A chapter in an edited book
Mu, K., Liu, W., and Jin, Z. (2011). An Approach to Generating Proposals for Handling Inconsistent Software Requirements. In Knowledge Science, Engineering and Management: 5th International Conference, KSEM 2011, Irvine, CA, USA, December 12-14, 2011. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., H. Xiong and W. B. Lee, eds. (Springer), pp. 32–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell Metabolism.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Tesla Autopilot Helps Seriously Sick Man Drive To Hospital. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Reserve Training: An Alternative to the Active Army Education Program for National Guard Technicians (U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hall, Z.B., II (2017). General Relativistic Non-Radial Oscillations in Compact Stars.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). Tuning Up to Do the Super Bowl Shovel. New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleCell Metabolism
AbbreviationCell Metab.
ISSN (print)1550-4131
ISSN (online)1932-7420
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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